According to the current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication, Trinidad and Tobago has been assessed as Level 1: exercise normal precautions.
Overall Crime and Safety Situation
U.S. Embassy Port of Spain does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. The ACS Unit cannot recommend a particular individual or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided.
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Port-of-Spain as being a CRITICAL-threat location for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
Please review OSAC’s Trinidad and Tobago country-specific webpage for proprietary analytic reports, Consular Messages, and contact information.
The government of Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) faces numerous challenges in its effort to reduce crime, including an overburdened legal system, bureaucratic resistance to change, unemployment in marginal areas, disenfranchised youth, the negative influence of gangs, drugs, weapons, and an economic recession.
Crime is the principal threat to visitors; most crimes are crimes of opportunity. American citizens have been victims of pickpocketing, assault, theft/robbery, fraud, and murder. Guests at hotels have reported the theft of items from their rooms. While not common during daylight hours, robberies and petty theft have been reported. There is no evidence to indicate that foreigners, particularly expatriates, are specifically targeted, but crimes (robbery, break-ins/burglary, vehicular break-ins, home invasions, assaults including sexual assaults) do occur in areas frequented by tourists and in which the expatriate community lives. Travelers are advised to not physically resist any robbery attempt. Statistics show that victims who resist are more likely to be injured or even killed by their attackers.
Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) 2017 crime statistics show a 5.5% increase in overall serious criminal activity, as compared to 2016. Violent crime remains a major concern for local security services and the general population.
Despite the seizure of 1,064 firearms in 2017, almost 76% of the murders were committed by firearm, continuing to highlight the problem of imported, and often illegal, weapons and firearms smuggling. Drug trafficking and gang-related activities continue to fuel the demand for illegal weapons.
According to TTPS statistics, there were 496 murders in 2017, 462 murders in 2016, 420 murders in 2015, and 403 murders in 2014, in a population of approximately 1.4 million people. The recorded numbers in 2017 represents an increase of 15.2%. The detection rate for murder was 17.9% for 2017, an increase from 15.2% in 2016. The murder rate continues to be driven primarily by gang and drug-related activities.
Since 2016, murders have occurred in more widespread areas, when previously most were concentrated in a few urban areas. In 2017, the Northern Division, which includes Arima and Tunapuna, reported the highest number of murders at 105. The Central Division, which includes Chaguanas and Enterprise, reported 85 murders. Port of Spain and the Southern Divisions reported 74 and 68 murders, respectively.
There were 13 murders in Tobago in 2017, four in 2016, and seven in 2015.
Reported instances of crimes related to sexual assault and domestic violence increased to 531 in 2017 from 491 in 2016; 625 were reported in 2015.
In Trinidad, the majority of violent crimes (homicides, kidnappings, assaults, robberies, sexual assaults) are gang/drug-related or domestic in nature. A significant, growing portion is attributed to the influence of gangs, illegal narcotics, and firearms. Most reported crimes occurred within the metropolitan areas of Port of Spain and San Fernando; however, the areas of Arima and Central Trinidad contributed heavily to the 2017 crime statistics. There were 13,114 reported serious crimes in 2017, 679 more than in 2016.
The overall percent of crimes that resulted in arrest stands at 31%, representing a 5.5% increase in serious crimes reported and 4.1% increase in detection.
Recent violent incidents in Trinidad include:
On September 4, 2017, a soldier conducting undercover surveillance at a wake in Moruga was shot five times and killed; another was injured. Five civilians were also shot in the crossfire. Two men opened fire on the soldiers. The two gunmen escaped.
On July 13, 2017, a Chinese national employed at the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China was kidnapped on his way to work. A ransom was demanded for his release; however, he was rescued by police less than five hours later, a short distance away from where he was kidnapped.
On October 8, 2016, two men barged into a barbershop along La Puerta Road, demanding tickets valued at $400 for an upcoming party in Chaguaramas from employees and customers. A shootout ensued; one of the perpetrators was killed and the other escaped.
In October 2015, a British couple was found murdered in their Carnbee Village home. Robbery appeared to have been the motive, as bank surveillance footage showed two individuals, who were later charged by police, using the couple’s stolen ATM cards.
In Tobago, crimes affecting tourists include murder, home invasion, petty theft, swindling, fraud, and theft from hotel rooms. Several violent home invasions targeted well-to-do homes and villas frequently rented to tourists.
According to several sources, including the 2012 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Caribbean Human Development Report and the 2013 Council on Hemispheric Affairs report entitled “Gangs Are The New Law In Urban Trinidad & Tobago,” approximately 100 criminal gangs were identified in T&T. These gangs, as well as other organizations, were linked to crimes including weapons smuggling, fraud, and other organized criminal activities.
Jamaat al-Muslimeen and its leaders focus on Islamic education, a number of business ventures, and have been linked to serious crimes to include murder and narcotics trafficking.
There have been incidents of piracy in the waters between T&T and Venezuela, in which vessels were boarded and the occupants assaulted, robbed, and in some cases, murdered. While the majority of incidents have involved local fishermen, a small community of private boat owners who stayed in Trinidad during the hurricane season have also been affected. Sailors should report any incidents to the T&T Coast Guard and local police. They are encouraged to check with the Coast Guard and yacht facility managers for current information.
Use caution with U.S. credit cards, as they do not offer the same levels of protection as many international credit cards that require a PIN for transactions. If using a credit card, ensure that the credit card stays in your sight. Do not withdraw large amounts of cash from banks or ATMs. If you need to withdraw a large sum of money, cash a check or conduct an electronic transfer instead. For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, “The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud.”
The use of computers by the local population is moderate, as is the level of sophistication with computer usage.
Other Areas of Concern
U.S. citizens are advised that U.S. government personnel and their families are restricted from traveling to the following areas (yellow shaded areas on attached map): Laventille, Sea Lots, Cocorite, Beetham, the interior of Savannah Park, downtown Port of Spain (after dark), Ft. George (after dark), and all beaches (after dark).
For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, “Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.”
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Trinidad has well-developed four-lane highways and one controlled-access highway. However, road quality decreases quickly on secondary roads. Rural roads are narrow and often have deep drainage ditches. These are in poor repair and are frequently congested. Night travel should be avoided other than on major highways. Roadside assistance exists but is limited and may be subject to lengthy delays. It is advised to carry water with you and a charged cellular telephone.
Vehicles are driven on the left side of the road. Local law requires everyone to wear seat belts and motorcyclists to wear helmets.
The use of cellular telephones is prohibited while driving, unless used with a hands-free device. Persons caught talking on a cellular telephone while driving can be fined. Drivers should be alert for the use of hand signals by other drivers to indicate turning, slowing, or stopping, which do not necessarily correspond to hand signals used in other countries. Drivers are generally courteous, but can be flexible with the rules of the road.
Road travel is generally safe; however, there continues to be a relatively high number of traffic fatalities from speeding and drunk driving. Road fatalities increased to 117 in 2017, up from 111 in 2016.
Do not stop your car if you are flagged down along the road; hitchhikers are usually swindlers and can be threatening.
The Beetham Highway, a main thoroughfare for Port of Spain, is dangerous in the event of broken-down vehicles. On the Beetham stretch, there are regular incidents of persons running out into the road or throwing debris (i.e., masonry bricks, chairs, trash) at cars to cause accidents and force cars to stop. Once the accident occurs or vehicle stops, a group of accomplices then descends upon the accident victims, robbing them of valuables, and often violently assaulting them, even if they are compliant. If this type of situation occurs and your vehicle is still operable, you should continue to a safer area before seeking help.
In January 2015, the government amended provisions of the Motor Vehicles and Road Traffic Act to increase the fines for driving under the influence to $12,000 TT (approx. US$1,900) for a first conviction and other road offences, including speeding and failing to submit to a breathalyzer test. Traffic wardens help monitor and enforce traffic safety; however, they have no powers of arrest and often request the assistance of the TTPS. Unannounced road checks are not uncommon and may occur at any time.
The speed limit on major highways was increased to 100 kilometres per hour on December 15, 2017 via Motor Vehicle and Road Traffic (Amendment) (No. 2) Act of 2017. For more information on self-driving, please review OSAC’s Report “Driving Overseas: Best Practices.”
Public Transportation Conditions
Traditional, non-shared, marked taxis do not exist in T&T. Uber is active in Trinidad since late 2016. It may not be available in areas outside of Port of Spain. Use caution with ride sharing and ensure you are in a safe area when using your phone to order an Uber or report an incident. For more information on ride-sharing, please review OSAC’s Annual Briefing Report “Safety and Security in the Share Economy.”
Private taxis are available at the airports and major hotels, but they are unmetered and unmarked. You can hire them to take you door-to-door, but fares should be agreed upon in advance. Private taxis and route taxis both have plate numbers beginning with the letter “H.” You should use only private taxis for transportation around Port of Spain, and only private taxis or full-sized inter-city buses for travel between cities. You should ensure your taxi is not a route taxi before getting in because route taxis will pick up additional passengers. Crimes (rapes, assaults, robberies, thefts) have taken place in taxis. Taxis have also caused serious traffic accidents when they swerve across several lanes to pick up or discharge passengers.
Avoid small buses and vans (as referred to as Maxi Taxis) for the same reasons.
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Trinidad’s air carrier operations. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
The Piarco International Airport is a hub for flights throughout the Caribbean. Airport services may be slow or not up to Western standards, but there are no concerns for safety or scams. T&T police and Airport Authority Officers are posted throughout the airport, and private security is located in the parking lot areas to assist in an emergency.
The Piarco Airport Taxi Cooperative Society provides service to/from the airport. Taxis are located outside the arrival area, and drivers were a white shirt, black/blue trousers, and a yellow photo identification pass. Travelers are recommended to have Trinbagonian currency for taxi fare; fares are typically negotiated in advance with the taxi driver.
Piarco Airport Taxi Cooperative Society: 868-669-1689
Dispatcher Contact Number: 868-669-0282
Criminals are also known to follow travelers from the airport to their destination.
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Port-of-Spain as being a LOW-threat location for terrorist activity directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
There are no known indigenous terrorist groups operating in T&T. Local newspapers cite government sources reporting that T&T nationals have traveled to Syria and Iraq to fight for ISIS. Muslims make up about 5-8% of the population and are roughly equally split between African and Indian heritage. Fighters appear to have come from both the Afro-Trini and Indo-Trini Muslim communities, and many appear to have had prior affiliations with criminal gangs.
In 2016, T&T took steps to address foreign terrorist fighters. Organizations within the Ministry of National Security identify and closely monitor the travel and activity of persons of interest. In addition, the previous government formed a National Counterterrorism Working group to draft a National Counterterrorism Strategy. The draft takes into account international and domestic commitments in combatting terrorism and the specific nature of the terrorist threat to T&T. The new Minister of National Security continues to discuss national security in the areas of crime and counterterrorism with stakeholders and Parliament.
On November 1, 2017, the Minister of National Security announced that a Counterterrorism Strategy for T&T was approved by the National Security Council. Implementation of this strategy is underway.
On October 4, 2017, the Strategic Services Agency Act was amended to expand the remit of the Agency by including broader law enforcement and intelligence functions. Initially charged with responsibilities relating to detection and prevention of illicit traffic in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursor chemicals, the scope and functions of the Agency have been broadened to include: offences related to homicide; treason; terrorist acts; terrorist financing; cybercrime; chemical, biological and nuclear weapons; money laundering; weapons of mass destruction; trafficking in children & persons; gangs; illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and precursor chemicals; corruption; offences which carry a penalty of not less than 5 year’s imprisonment; firearms and ammunition; and smuggling.
On March 29, 2017, Trinidadian Islamic State fighter Shane Crawford, aka Abu Sa’ad al-Trinidadi, was designated a terrorist by the U.S. government.
In December 2015, the T&T High Court ruled Trinidadian national Kareem Ibrahim as a terrorist, allowing the state to proceed with freezing his local assets in accordance with the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2005. The judgment was the first under the law and played an important role in setting legal precedent on terrorism rulings. Ibrahim died in January 2016.
In November 2015, an ISIS propaganda video featured several young men claiming to be Trinidadian nationals fighting in Syria. Since 2014, sporadic videos alleged to feature Trinidadian nationals in support of ISIS have surfaced on social media.
In August 2015, a Trinidadian student studying in Saudi Arabia was accused of being a terrorist. He was arrested and spent 16 months in prison there. He returned to Trinidad in December 2016.
Given the crime rate and some weaknesses in border control, there remains a continued concern that T&T could be utilized as a transit point for potential terrorists or terrorist organizations. Although terrorism poses a low threat to travelers to T&T, all should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks. These could take place in public areas frequented by expatriates and foreign travelers. Travelers should review the U.S. Department of State’s most recent Worldwide Caution.
The call for self-radicalization, whether disseminated on extremist forums or via social media, continues to be a global concern. It is difficult to determine what message will inspire a violent extremist.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Port-of-Spain as being a LOW-threat location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
As a result of elections on September 7, 2015, a new Prime Minister and government came into power.
Trinidad experiences periodic demonstrations by labor unions over salary negotiations, tax structures, and other issues involving public resources or government operations. The disruption of utility services as a result of industrial action group protests and non-violent demonstrations by labor organizations remains a concern.
Demonstrations are occasionally held, are often large, and usually take place in or near the Parliament building downtown or outside the Prime Minister’s Offices in St. Clair. Demonstrations must be approved in advance by the police who typically provide appropriate coverage. Foreigners are advised to avoid demonstrations.
T&T has been rated extremely vulnerable for seismic activity, especially in the Paria Peninsula (extending eastward off Venezuela toward Trinidad).
The islands are below the hurricane belt, though some storms have occurred nearby. Inadequate infrastructure and drainage, as well as heavy rains, cause flooding in certain urban areas, resulting in landslides that can block or erode remote roads.
General information about natural disaster preparedness is available from the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
T&T was removed from the U.S. Trade Representative’s Special 301 Report Watch List in 2016. Significant problems exist with respect to the protection or enforcement of intellectual property rights (IP) and market access for persons relying on intellectual property protection. T&T’s lax enforcement means wrongdoing will likely only be uncovered by the content owner – who in many cases is not in the country. Private companies are hesitant to pursue IP claims in T&T because of the small market size and reputation for having a slow legal system. Those that have pursued claims generally receive limited engagement by law enforcement. The T&T Police Service’s (TTPS) statistics indicate that they have not detected an intellectual property crime in several years. Companies say Customs Officers are hesitant to search containers, even with significant evidence that counterfeit products are present. A U.S. company reported counterfeit products to T&T officials, but the allegedly infringing products were pulled from shelves just hours before an inspection, suggesting collusion between law enforcement and the seller of the counterfeit goods.
Trinidad is a major trans-shipment point for illicit drugs, and drug-related incidents are a significant contributor to crime.
According to TTPS crime statistics, there were 102 kidnappings in 2017, 102 in 2016, and 106 in 2015. There were six kidnappings for ransom in 2017, of which four were solved.
You are subject to host country laws as a U.S. citizen. If you break local laws, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution.
T&T law prohibits the use of obscene language to the annoyance of other persons on the street. Using obscene language in public may result in an arrest if a police officer is in proximity.
It is also illegal to carry ammunition when arriving, departing, or transiting at the airport. Individuals found with as little as one bullet casing have been detained, charged, and fined.
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment
U.S. citizens detained or arrested by the TTPS should notify the U.S. Embassy in Port of Spain immediately by email or by telephone at 868-622-6371. U.S. citizens may also wish to contact their family and an attorney. During the initial interview, the police may defer a request to make contact with family, but local law provides for both consular notification and an attorney upon request.
Harassment is not common with foreigners, but you are encouraged to report the incident to the U.S. Embassy if it occurs.
Crime Victim Assistance
The local emergency line is 999. If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime, you should contact the local police and the U.S. Embassy American Citizen Services (ACS) Office (1 868 622-6371). If your passport is stolen, the Embassy can help you with a replacement. For violent crimes, ACS can help you find medical care, contact family members or friends, and help them to send you money, if needed. Although the investigation and prosecution of a crime is solely the responsibility of local authorities, consular officers can help you to understand the local criminal justice process and to find an attorney.
The public is encouraged to report suspicious activity to the TTPS by phoning 999 so that an appropriate patrol unit can be dispatched or redirected to the location of need.
Foreigners who are crime victims can expect to be treated and assisted with the same level of cooperation and fairness as that given to a local citizen.
The TTPS falls under the Ministry of National Security. The TTPS functions in accordance with the Police Service Act Chapter 15:01. Over 6,500 police officers and Special Reserve Police support the mandate of the Act. The TTPS is organized into nine Divisions and 18 Branches, Squads, and Units: Community Police, Police Complaints, Special Branch, Guard and Emergency Branch, Criminal Investigation Division and Criminal Records Office, Organized Crime, Narcotics and Firearms Bureau, Homicide, Fraud Squad, Court and Process, Police Band, Mounted and Canine Branch, Police Training College, E-999, Traffic and Highway Patrol Branch, Transport and Telecom, Criminal Gangs Intelligence Unit (CGIU), and the Cybercrime Unit.
In recent years, in response to citizen concerns, the government bought additional police cruisers, constructed and renovated police stations, recruited new officers, and made efforts to improve police customer service. Several units of the TTPS utilize dashboard cameras, which support the TTPS goal to continue to earn the trust of members of the public through honesty, transparency, and accountability. There are reports that units are using body cameras, but the practice is not widespread.
Medical care is significantly below U.S. standards for treatment of serious injuries and illness, with limited access to supplies and medications. Adequate private medical care is available in Port of Spain but is not up to the standards of industrialized countries and is substandard in the rest of the country. Patients requiring blood transfusions are expected to arrange for at least the same amount to be donated on their behalf. Physicians and nurses have been known to go on strike, causing strain on public and private medical services.
Ambulance service is often extremely limited in response time due to low availability and high demand. Ambulances provide basic life support services, with some moving toward advanced life support capabilities.
SCI EMS: (868) 694 2404 (private service)
GMRTT: 811 for major trauma only (public service)
A recompression chamber is located in Roxborough, Tobago. Before diving, check if operational.
Contact Information for Available Medical Services
For medical assistance, please refer to the Embassy’s Medical Assistance page.
Available Air Ambulance Services
International SOS (ISOS) Assistance Inc.
3600 Horizon Blvd., Suite 300 Trevose, PA 19053
Philadelphia Assistance Center: +1-800-523-6586 or +1-215-942-8226; Fax: +1-215-354-2338
Operates fixed-wing fleet/aircrews based in South Florida, Puerto Rico, Phoenix, AZ, and San Diego, CA. Offers international service via network of affiliated aeromedical providers.
1745 NW 51st Pl, Hanger 73, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309
24-hour response center number: +1-800-752-4195; +1-954-730-9300
Adequate evacuation insurance coverage for all travelers should be a high priority for travelers. Highly specialized cases or complex emergencies may require evacuation to Miami. While care at some private facilities is better than at most public health facilities, patients may be expected to prove their ability to pay before assistance is given, even if emergency care is needed.
Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance
The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Trinidad and Tobago.
OSAC Country Council Information
The Port-of-Spain Country Council was launched in December 2017. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s Western Hemisphere team with any questions.
U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information
Embassy Address and Hours of Operation
U.S. Embassy Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
15 Queens Park West, Port of Spain, Trinidad
Business hours: Mon-Fri, 730 - 1630
Embassy Contact Numbers
Switchboard: +868 622-6371
Security Office: +868 822-5927
Marine Guard (24 Hours): +868 822-5999/5912
If you plan to reside in or visit T&T, please enroll with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP). This program provides participants with up-to-date important safety and security announcements. It can also assist friends and family with contact information in an emergency.
A valid passport is required of U.S. citizens for entry to T&T. A U.S. passport card is not accepted for entry or for direct air travel from T&T back to the U.S. U.S. citizens do not need a visa for tourism or business-related visits of 90 days or less. Work permits are required for compensated and some non-compensated employment, including missionary work. Questions pertaining to visas should be directed to the Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago or the Consulates in Miami or New York City.
Trinidad and Tobago Country Information Sheet