Overall Crime and Safety Situation
The U.S. Embassy in Tegucigalpa does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. The ACS Unit cannot recommend a particular individual or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED TEGUCIGALPA AS BEING A CRITICAL-THREAT LOCATION FOR CRIME DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
Please review OSAC’s Honduras-specific webpage for proprietary analytic reports, Consular Messages, and contact information.
Tens of thousands of U.S. citizens visit Honduras each year for study, tourism, business, and volunteer work without incident, but the government lacks the resources to fully address crime and violence. Most resort areas and tourist destinations have lower levels of crime and violence than other areas of the country, though still high by international standards. While citizen security is the government’s highest priority, it continues to face difficult challenges. The majority of serious crimes, including those against U.S. citizens, are never solved.
The U.S. Department of State has issued a Travel Warning for Honduras since 2012 to caution American travelers about high crime rates. There are no areas in major urban cities that are deemed free of violent crime. Notably dangerous locations in Tegucigalpa include: the area surrounding Suyapa Cathedral and Comayaguela on the outskirts of Tegucigalpa.
Crime and violence are serious problems. The location and timing of criminal activity is unpredictable. There is no information to suggest that criminals specifically target U.S. citizens and other Westerners. Tourists traveling with tour/missionary groups report fewer criminal incidents. However, the San Pedro Sula area has seen armed robberies against tourist vans, minibuses, and cars traveling from the airport to area hotels. Further, NGOs have reported some threats and violence when visiting some rural communities.
Since 2010, Honduras has had one of the highest murder rates in the world. The National Violence Observatory (NVO), an academic research institution based out of Honduras’ National Public University, reported a murder rate of
86.5 per 100,000 people
85.5 per 100,000 people
79.0 per 100,000 people
66.4 per 100,000 people
60.0 per 100,000 people
Estimates indicate the rate will not drastically change in 2016. Most of Honduras’ major cities (Tegucigalpa, San Pedro Sula, La Ceiba,), as well as several Honduran “departments” (a geographic designation similar to U.S. states), have homicide rates higher than the national average, including:
Atlántida, La Ceiba
Cortés, San Pedro Sula
Francisco Morazan, Tegucigalpa
Since 2010, the U.S. Embassy has recorded 47 murders of U.S. citizens; several U.S. citizens have been murdered in San Pedro Sula and La Ceiba shortly after arriving in the country. These may have been based on tips from sources at airport arrival areas. In 2016, there were four murder cases of U.S. citizens.
Honduran law enforcement frequently report highway assaults and carjacking by criminals posing as Honduran law enforcement, including in remote areas of Choluteca, Olancho, Colon, and Copan departments. Criminals set up road blocks or checkpoints and wear partial police uniforms and equipment but are often mismatched and inconsistent.
Several U.S. citizens have reported being robbed while walking on isolated beaches. The effect and threat of violent crime, including in neighborhoods where many Americans live/work, leads to the curtailment of some normal outdoor activities.
Armed robberies, home invasions, and extortions also occur, and closely guarded officials, business persons, and diplomats are not immune from these attacks. Even in neighborhoods with heightened security, there is street crime.
- In August 2016, two Embassy employees were held up at gun point at 1300 hours by two individuals while entering their car directly outside the Embassy.
- In December 2016, Embassy employees were held up at gunpoint outside an Embassy facility.
Many people report receiving threatening phone calls or extortion attempts, especially during Christmas and Easter holidays. Typically, these are random calls that originate from imprisoned gang members using cell phones.
In a country of approximately eight million people, there are an estimated 7,000 street-gang members. The 18th Street and MS-13 ("Mara Salvatrucha") gangs are the most active and powerful. Gangs are not reluctant to use violence and specialize in murder-for-hire, carjacking, extortion, and other violent street crime. They are also known to control some of the taxi services. Violent transnational criminal organizations also conduct narcotics trafficking and other illicit commerce.
Roatan and the Bay Islands are geographically separated from and experience lower crime rates than on the mainland and other Caribbean islands; however, thefts, break-ins, assaults, rapes, and murders do occur.
Credit card skimming is common. Individuals, including Embassy employees, have been victimized at well-known restaurants, hotels, and retailers. There is often a spike in skimming in December.
Extortion threats are made through social engineering. Personal information is sometimes obtained through social media, the Internet, or a victim’s family member. Some U.S. and other international NGOs reported anonymous attacks via social media in 2016 alleging the civil society actors are engaged in, or supportive of, criminal activity in Honduras.
Other Areas of Concern
The U.S. Embassy has restricted U.S. government personnel travel to Gracias a Dios, due to credible threat information against U.S citizens. U.S. citizens traveling to Gracias a Dios should consider postponing their travel. There are no reliable statistics for the department of Gracias a Dios; however, it is a remote location where narcotics trafficking is frequent and where infrastructure is weak, government services are limited, and police/military presence is scarce.
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Honduran road conditions differ significantly from those in the U.S., and driving can be very dangerous.
Roads are poorly illuminated and marked. Because of a lack of enforcement of traffic laws, drivers must make an extraordinary effort to drive defensively. If traffic signals are working, they are often ignored, and passing on blind corners is common. Vehicles are often driven at night without adequate illumination, and animals/people wander onto the roads at all hours. Traffic signs, even on major highways, are often inadequate, and streets in the major cities are often unmarked. Major cities are connected by an inconsistently maintained, two-lane system of paved roads, and many secondary roads are unpaved. A significant percentage of vehicles are in disrepair, under-powered, beyond their lifecycle, and do not meet U.S. road safety standards. However, the government is in the process of modernizing some of the main transportation road networks to four-lane highways, which can lead to increased travel times due to ongoing construction.
For these reasons, and because of the high incidence of crime, the U.S. Embassy strongly discourages car and bus travel after dark. Motorists should avoid traveling at night and always drive with their doors locked and windows rolled up to deter potential robberies at traffic lights and on congested downtown streets. Additionally, travelers should always try to carry a cell phone in case of an emergency, and exercise extreme caution while driving on isolated stretches of road and passing other vehicles on mountainous curves.
Public Transportation Conditions
Travelers are warned to avoid all public transportation. The public transportation sector is a critical target of extortion and experiences higher levels of homicides than many other sectors. There are multiple incidents of city buses and taxis being destroyed by gang members; passengers are often robbed, assaulted, raped, or kidnapped.
Passengers on public buses are sometimes robbed en route, at roadblocks, and at bus stops, even during daylight hours. Some would-be muggers and gang members are known to keep to a daily schedule, riding city buses from one stop to the next, committing criminal acts with impunity.
Travelers should not use collective taxis, which are taxis that pick up multiple riders.
- In 2016, an Embassy employee was attacked at gunpoint while in a taxi while the taxi was stopped for traffic. The armed thief was already a passenger in the vehicle and attempted to rob the employee. The employee was able to escape from the taxi by making a commotion, thereby distracting the attacker.
Other Travel Conditions
Cruise ship passengers should take safety precautions, avoid unfamiliar areas, and book only with reputable tour companies during their stopover in Honduras. Cruise lines and port agencies have approved tour companies offering packages. Port agencies have worked to improve taxi service to/from ports. The vast majority of cruise line passengers experience no problems, but incidents of armed robbery and carjacking have been reported.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED TEGUCIGALPA AS BEING A LOW-THREAT LOCATION FOR TERRORIST ACTIVITY DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
There are no known international terrorist groups operating in Honduras. Honduras does not appear to be utilized as a terrorist safe haven. There were no legal cases involving instances of terrorism affecting U.S. citizens or facilities brought before the Honduran judicial system, nor were there any judicial developments that would appear to have an impact on U.S. counterterrorism efforts.
The CA-4 agreement among El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua allows for the inspection-free movement of citizens among these countries and reduces overall inspection at land crossings. The limited nature of inspections could facilitate movements of terrorists.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED TEGUCIGALPA AS BEING A HIGH-THREAT LOCATION FOR POLITICAL VIOLENCE DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
General and presidential elections in Honduras are scheduled for 2017 as follows:
January 21: Campaigns begin (which will include rallies and demonstrations)
February 11: Honduran Armed Forces will be placed under the command of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal
March 6: Campaigns end
March 12: Internal Party elections
April 12: Results of Internal Party elections announced
May 25: Announcement of general and presidential elections
November 26: general and presidential elections
Public demonstrations, protests, and strikes are common. Most demonstrations are concentrated in/around city centers, public buildings, and other public areas. Most protests have been peaceful; however, on rare occasion, there have been violent confrontations between the police and demonstrators. Additionally, there have been demonstrations and road blockades along key routes (the road leading to the international airport in Tegucigalpa).
Land titling faces significant challenges and can be a source of conflict. The Bajo Aguan Valley region in Atlantida department has seen serious conflict among agricultural workers and businesses over land rights.
- One private security guard was reportedly killed in 2016, following an invasion of a palm oil plantation.
- Two senior leaders of the Unified Agricultural Workers Movement of the Aguan were killed in October 2016.
Indigenous and ethnic communities are frequently located in rural areas with lower levels of criminal activity. However, there can be communal tension over natural resource allocation and exploitation. These tensions have resulted in intense protests and other violence.
- Several killings occurred during 2016 in the Tolupane community in Yoro department, allegedly over logging and mining in the community.
Due to the remote nature of these areas, there is often limited government ability to respond to violence or other problems and limited access to medical facilities.
Honduras can be hit by tropical storms and hurricanes. The rainy season usually runs May-November. There have been approximately nine significant tropical storms/hurricanes that have affected Honduras since 1995. While hurricanes are a concern, much of the damage to infrastructure is a result of flooding and rock/mudslides.
The limited capacity of the government to enforce international standards related to natural resource exploitation has resulted in higher levels of conflict in the extractive and electrical generation industries. In addition to complying with local laws, companies involved in natural resource extraction or energy generation should insure that communities are fully consulted in accordance with international standards. Honduras is a signatory to the International Labor Organization’s 169 Convention, requiring free, prior, and informed consent from indigenous communities prior to any development projects, but the government has not yet approved a law regulating this process.
To be protected under Honduran law, patents and trademarks must be registered with the General Directorate of Intellectual Property (DIGEPIH) division of the Honduran Institute of Property. The life of patents ranges from 10 to 20 years, depending on the importance of the invention. Trademarks are valid up to 10 years from the registration date. "Notorious" or well-known trademarks are protected under the Pan American Convention (1917), to which Honduras is a party. Illegal registration of a well-known trademark, however, must be contested in court. This regulation favors first registration over first use, and numerous cases have arisen of “squatting” on established trademarks, which the legitimate holder must either purchase or contest in court. Data protection is provided for five years, and Honduras also offers process patent protection.
Cable signal theft and falsified products are the most prevalent violations of intellectual property in Honduras. Falsified products are predominately found in the pharmaceutical and apparel industries but are not limited to these two areas. Falsified medicines are mainly found in the pulperías but have also been reported in Farmacias del Ahorro.
Counterfeit Honduran lempiras are common, especially in the 100 and 500 denominations.
Personal Identity Concerns
Discrimination against ethnic minorities and the LGBTI community has been reported. Members of the LGBTI community have reported violent assaults due to gender identity and sexual orientation.
Some commentators have strongly criticized the Roman Catholic Church and Evangelical churches for alleged involvement in politics.
Jehovah’s Witnesses have reported being refused medical treatment at some government hospitals after requesting treatment in accordance with their religious beliefs.
There are limited facilities for individuals with disabilities.
Drug trafficking and gang activity, which includes local micro-trafficking of narcotics and extortion, are the main causes of violent crime in Honduras. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking illegal drugs are strict, and convicted offenders can expect lengthy jail sentences and fines.
Kidnappings and disappearances affect both the local and expatriate communities, with victims sometimes paying large ransoms for the prospect of release. Reports of kidnappings of U.S. citizens are not common. Since January 1, 2012, five cases of kidnapped U.S. citizens were reported to the U.S. Embassy; all kidnapping victims were released. Since families of kidnapping victims often pay ransoms without reporting these crimes to police out of fear of retribution, kidnapping figures may be underreported.
The government lacks resources to investigate and prosecute cases, and police often lack vehicles/fuel to respond to calls for assistance. This means police may take hours to arrive at the scene of a violent crime or may not respond at all. As a result, criminals operate with a high degree of impunity.
The government has specially trained police forces in areas frequented by tourists (the Copan Mayan ruins, Roatan). The government is implementing similar programs for other locations (La Ceiba, Trujillo), and major hotels and other tourist installations have increased private and police security. The government has also begun implementing a series of police reforms, such as the creation of an Inter-Agency Security Task Force to combat crime, that it hopes can tackle the crime situation.
The government does have a police investigative unit dedicated to investigating violent crimes against the LGBTI and other vulnerable communities; however, it is has limited resources and functions primarily in the major urban areas.
U.S. citizens are subject to the laws of the country in which they are traveling.
The Honduran National Police, along with the Ministry of Defense Military Police (PMOP), routinely establish checkpoints and review documentation (driver’s licenses, vehicle registration). The Honduran National Police wear blue uniforms while the PMOP normally wear green camouflage uniforms. Their uniforms and vehicles are all clearly marked.
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment
U.S. citizen detained by the police should insist on speaking to U.S. Embassy representatives as soon as possible. Detained foreigners are generally treated well by the police. Except in some very rural locations, police are aware of a U.S. citizen detainee's right to contact the Embassy. Travelers should be aware, however, that the assistance the Embassy can provide is limited to making sure U.S. citizens are not being mistreated and providing them with a list of local attorneys. The Embassy cannot secure the release or act as legal representation for any U.S. citizen. Local law allows the police to detain someone for up to 24 hours for administrative processing. This is a common practice for most automobile accidents where personal injury occurs and for cases in which someone is accused of a criminal act. Travelers are reminded to seek legal representation before admitting or signing any legal form that acknowledges culpability.
Crime Victim Assistance
If you or someone you know becomes the victim of a crime, you should contact the local police and U.S. Embassy Tegucigalpa. If you are in Tegucigalpa or San Pedro Sula, you can reach the local police by dialing 911; other smaller cities/rural areas have their own local police assistance numbers.
For fire and public safety emergencies, dial 911.
Fire Department Headquarters: (504) 2231-1667 (operations department)
U.S. Embassy, Tegucigalpa, American Citizens Services Unit is open to walk-in services Monday-Friday, 0730-11:00 and can be reached directly at:
Tel: (504) 2236-9320 ext. 4400
After Hours: (504) 2236-9320 ext.4100 or Duty Officer (504) 9990-1372
Fax: (504) 2238-4357
Medical care is limited. Emergency services, even in Tegucigalpa, generally are basic. There are few, if any, U.S.-educated physicians in Tegucigalpa.
Red Cross ambulance: 911, (504) 2227-7474 or (504) 2227-7575. The ambulance does not have paramedics or emergency medical equipment; they function as transport to hospitals.
Bomberos: Fire Department Ambulance is fully equipped with emergency medical supplies and medical staff. Dial 911 for emergency or call (504) 2232-4092.
Contact Information for Available Hospitals/Clinics
Hospital Honduras Medical Center: (504) 2280-1500 / ER: 2280-1201
Hospital Viera: (504) 2237-7136 or (504) 2237-3160, (504) 2238-0736, (504) 2238-0697
Hospital Centro Medico: (504) 2225-0028, (504) 2225-4060 / (504) 2225-4117
DIME: (504) 2239-9628/30 or (504) 2239-2598
Available Air Ambulance Services
Air Ambulance Service: (305) 535-7380
(International SOS, Mount Sinai Hospital, Miami Beach, Florida)
State Department resource for international insurance
Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance
The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Honduras.
OSAC Country Council Information
The Honduras Country Council currently meets monthly on a rotating basis in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula and has approximately 25 members. Please contact OSAC’s Western Hemisphere team with any questions or to join.
U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information
Embassy Address and Hours of Operation
U.S. Embassy Tegucigalpa
Avenida La Paz
Hours of Operation: Mon-Thur, 0730-1630; Fri, 0800-1500
Embassy Contact Numbers
Tel: (504) 2236-9320
Fax: (504) 2236-9037
After Hours: (504) 2236-8497
Consular Agency San Pedro Sula: https://hn.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/spsca/overview/
U.S. citizens who live in or who are visiting Honduras are strongly encouraged to register with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
Honduras Country Information Sheet
Department of Commerce’s Country Commercial Guide