Overall Crime and Safety Situation
U.S. Embassy Ljubljana does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. The ACS Unit cannot recommend a particular individual or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED LJUBLJANA AS BEING A LOW-THREAT LOCATION FOR CRIME DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
Please review OSAC’s Slovenia-specific webpage for proprietary analytic reports, Consular Messages, and contact information.
While many travelers do not encounter crime, areas frequented by tourists can experience petty crime. Most crimes are non-violent and directed toward obtaining property (purse snatching, pickpocketing, unoccupied residential/vehicle break-ins). There have been cases of purse snatching/pickpockets at restaurants in the city center, on city buses, and in the central open market. Even these are rare in comparison with rates in the U.S. or neighboring European countries.
American visitors are generally not singled out or targeted based on nationality but rather because they look like tourists. Most of the crimes committed against American visitors fall into the category of petty theft (pickpocketing, purse snatching). These occur mostly in crowded areas, train stations, restaurants, open markets, and public transportation. Recent events involving U.S. Embassy personnel have included solicitations for food/money, multiple thefts of bicycles, and one case of pickpocketing.
Vehicle break-ins and thefts are less frequent than in some parts of the U.S. but remain a problem. Most break-ins are committed to obtain valuables left in plain view or the trunk. Slovenia reported 756 vehicle thefts in 2016.
Residential burglaries primarily occur when security vulnerabilities exist and/or when residents do not implement sound residential security practices. Reports indicate thefts usually occur when occupants are away for an extended period, and access is usually gained through doors or other entry points that are left unlocked. In 2016, there were five instances of burglary affecting Chief of Mission (COM) residences. While this is more common than in past years, the overall crime rating for post remains low.
Organized crime – primarily narcotics trafficking, auto theft, fraud, tax evasion, counterfeit goods, alien smuggling, human trafficking – is a problem but less so than in neighboring countries. Much of the violent crime can be attributed to organized criminal groups. Online gambling is the originating cause of many crimes, often involving loan sharking, threats, or blackmail. Gambling/betting establishments, private vehicles, and private businesses are some of the areas where these types of attacks have been reported. The attacks are typically designed to send a message to the intended recipient, rather than cause injury/fatality. These incidents normally take place in the late evening or early morning hours.
Other Areas of Concern
U.S. government are strongly advised not to patronize establishments advertising themselves as “cabarets,” nightclubs, strip clubs, or gentlemen’s clubs. “Cabaret girls” (“artistes”) are generally associated with or are victims of the commercial sex industry and organized crime groups. Visitors to cabarets, or those who engage with “artistes,” often find they are significantly overcharged for drinks, particularly when paying by credit card.
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Slovenia has a well-developed road network that is safe for travel. Highways connect to neighboring cities/countries and are clearly marked; road signs and traffic rules are consistent with those throughout Europe. As the number of cars continues to rise, roads are becoming more heavily congested during the weekends and during rush hours. Parking is difficult and can be expensive in the city center.
Third-party liability insurance is required for all vehicles; coverage is purchased locally. Travelers driving rented automobiles from Croatia into Slovenia are generally able to purchase Slovene insurance at the border. At the smaller border crossings or during peak travel times, however, it can take several hours to arrange such coverage.
Travelers should be alert to aggressive drivers both in cities and on highways. Many serious accidents occur as a result of high-speed driving. Emergency roadside assistance and towing services are available by dialing 1987. Dial 112 for an ambulance or fire brigade, and 113 for police. By law, the maximum legal blood-alcohol limit for drivers is 0.05 (0.00 percent for novice drivers with less than two years of experience, any driver under 21 years, and drivers of trucks and buses).
From November 15-March 15, the use of winter tires is mandated by law. All-season tires are permitted if they carry the MS mark and have at least 4 mm of tread. In addition, local police may require chains in heavy snow. Failure to possess the proper tires/chains may result in a substantial fine and the suspension of the cited vehicle's use. Insurance may be deemed void if a vehicle is involved in an accident from November 15-March 15 and is not fitted with winter tires.
Highway vignettes (windshield stickers) are obligatory for all passenger vehicles using expressways. One of the most common problems faced by U.S. citizens is being pulled over on a highway for driving without a vignette. Drivers without a vignette may be fined between €300-800 and must also immediately purchase a vignette. Simply buying a vignette and placing it on the dashboard is not sufficient – the vignette must be permanently affixed to the windshield of the vehicle. Vignettes can be purchased at gas stations, newsstands, automobile clubs, post offices (Posta Slovenije), and some toll stations, as well as at some gas stations in neighboring countries. A one-year vignette costs €110 for Class A vehicles (cars) and €220 for Class B vehicles (two-track vehicles with vehicle height above front axle of 1.30 meters or more (about 6ft)). A monthly vignette costs €30, and a weekly vignette costs €15. For motorcycles, a one-year vignette is €47.50, a half-year vignette is €25, and a weekly vignette is €7.50.
U.S. citizens must possess both a valid U.S. driver’s license and an International Driving Permit to drive legally. This is valid for a maximum of one year, after which time individuals are required to obtain a Slovenian driver’s license. Two automobile associations are authorized by the U.S. Department of State to issue International Driving Permits: the American Automobile Association and the American Automobile Touring Alliance (through the National Auto Club).
Current information about traffic and road conditions is available in English from the Automobile Association of Slovenia at (01) 530-5300 and from the Traffic Information Center for Public Roads.
Public Transportation Conditions
While Ljubljana's taxis are generally safe, clean, and reliable, taxi drivers at the airport, some hotels, and main railway stations have been known to overcharge tourists by shutting off their meters. When using a taxi, you should first ask for an estimate of the total cost and check to see that the meter is running during the journey.
As there is no direct commercial air service to the U.S. by carriers registered in Slovenia, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Other Travel Conditions
Bicycling is popular, and cities have well-developed bicycling networks with marked bicycle lanes along most roads. Slovenia has more rules governing cyclists than the U.S., and police are authorized to ticket cyclists who do not follow them. There are special rules regarding children and bicycles. Please visit Slovenia’s Bicycle Safety page for a list of rules and advice for cyclists.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED LJUBLJANA AS BEING A LOW-THREAT LOCATION FOR TERRORIST ACTIVITY DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
Little international/transnational terrorist activity has been observed. Slovenia’s borders with its Western European/EU neighbors are open, allowing for the possibility of anonymous entry/exit.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED LJUBLJANA AS BEING A LOW-THREAT LOCATION FOR POLITICAL VIOLENCE DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERESTS.
Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic. Since the breakup of Yugoslavia, Slovenia has instituted a multi-party, democratic political system, characterized by regular elections, a free press, and a strong human rights record. As a member of the Schengen area, Slovenia exerts control over its borders and visa issuance procedures.
Incidents of civil unrest are rare. In 2016, Slovenia saw several minor protests in favor and against the government policy toward refugees/migrants from the Middle East. Protests and demonstrations are generally peaceful; there have been very few instances of violence.
From its earliest days of independence in 1991, Slovenia has managed to escape ethnic/religious violence that has affected many of the former republics of Yugoslavia. Slovenia is largely a homogenous country made up of ethnic Slovenes. Slovenia is home to a sizeable Roma community and a smaller Muslim community. There have been no reports of religious or ethnic violence.
Earthquakes constitute the largest post-specific threat for American citizens. The northwest is the most seismically active area, but Ljubljana has also experienced tremors. There were no tremors of significant intensity in 2016. Earthquake best practices can be found here.
No major industrial or transportation accidents have been reported. Slovenia co-owns with Croatia a nuclear power plant in Krsko, 100 km east of Ljubljana. The power plant was built in 1981 in accordance with Western standards and has a good safety record.
Economic espionage is no more or less an issue than it is in other EU countries. Companies should take care to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of their data by following normal best business practices, including use of authorized IT software. The intellectual property rights (IPR) situation is in line with EU norms, and authorities generally enforce IPR laws.
Business and banking information is processed professionally, and the Embassy is not aware of any particular privacy concerns arising from widespread misuse of such information. Cyber security should be a priority for any company operating in Slovenia. The importance of using only legitimate software cannot be over-stressed.
Personal Identity Concerns
While most travelers do not encounter problems, a few issues were reported over the last few years of travelers facing discrimination. There are no known safety and security issues of concern for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals. The LGBT community is protected by anti-discrimination laws, and there are no legal/governmental impediments to the organization of LGBT events. For more detailed information about LGBT rights you may review the State Department’s annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. For further information on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) travel, please read the Information for LGBT Travelers page.
Slovenia is not a major drug producer but is a transit country for illicit narcotics. Heroin from Afghanistan transits Turkey and continues to through Slovenia via the "Balkan Route" and port of Koper to Western Europe. Drug-related violence is rare.
Kidnappings are extremely rare. In 2016, there was one confirmed kidnapping. A 12-year old boy was abducted by his own mother. She was apprehended at the Hungarian-Romanian border, and the boy was returned to his father.
Police response and services are good. English is the most widely spoken foreign language among the police.
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment
If an individual is detained or believes that s/he has been harassed by the police, s/he should contact the U.S. Embassy or request that the authorities contact the U.S. Embassy.
Crime Victim Assistance
The RSO recommends filing a local police report in the jurisdiction where the crime occurred. Filing a police report is not obligatory; however, it may assist the local police in catching the criminal(s). In the city center, reports should be given in person at the Ljubljana Police Station Center, Trdinova Street 10, tel: (386)-(0)1-475-0600.
Police – 113
Fire/Ambulance – 112
U.S. Embassy/24-hour Emergency Number: (386)-(1)-200-5500
Good-quality emergency medical care is readily available.
Contact Information for Available Medical Services
Travelers may obtain a list of English-speaking physicians at the U.S. Embassy or online.
Primary Hospital in Ljubljana
Level 1 rated Trauma Center
General Tel: (386)-(1)-52-25-050
Immediate payment for medical services is required.
Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance
The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Slovenia.
OSAC Country Council Information
There is currently no active Country Council in Slovenia. Please contact OSAC’s Europe team if you are interested in private-sector engagement in Ljubljana or have questions about OSAC’s Country Council programs.
U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information
Embassy Address and Hours of Operation
Prešernova Cesta 31
The Consular Section is open daily to the public from 0900-1130 and 1300-1500.
Embassy Contact Numbers
Embassy Operator: (386)-(1)-200-5500
For after-hours emergencies involving American citizens, press 0 and ask to be connected to the Duty
Regional Security Office: (386)-(1)-200-5667
Consular Affairs: (386)-(1)-200-5500 or 5595
You may also reach the Consular Section via email at email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org. Consular staff are not always immediately available to answer routine phone inquiries, so email is usually the fastest method to obtain a response.
Marine Post One: (386)-(1)-200-5556
All passport and notarials are handled by appointment only. Please check our holiday schedule to ensure that we are open on the date you plan to come to the Embassy.
Travelers should review the U.S. Embassy website for updated and special information. Americans are also encouraged to register with the U.S. Embassy through the U.S. Department of State’s Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) website to obtain updated information on travel and security within Slovenia.
Slovenia Country Information Sheet