According to the current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication, Lithuania has been assessed as Level1: Exercise Normal Precautions.
Overall Crime and Safety Situation
U.S. Embassy Vilnius does not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons or firms appearing in this report. The ACS Unit cannot recommend a particular individual or location and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided.
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Vilnius as being a MEDIUM-threat location for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
Please review OSAC’s Lithuania-specific page for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC password.
Various crimes are reported near the train and bus stations; avoid these areas late at night. However, most reports of crime are generated in Old Town Vilnius. The congregation of tourists there leads to an influx of criminal elements. Pickpocketing and thefts from coats, purses, and bags left unattended or on the backs of chairs at restaurants/cafes are the most common threat.
Care should be taken when using standalone ATMs. The use of credit cards at hotels, restaurants, gas stations, and chain grocery stores is acceptable; however, cash is the recommended method of payment outside of larger cities. For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, “The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud.”
Residential thefts due to open windows, unlocked doors, and weak security features are also common. During the summer, only open windows that are not accessible from the outside.
Vehicle break-ins usually are the result of valuables being left in plain sight.
The majority of violent encounters occur between 2200-0600 hours and involve individuals who are alone/inebriated. Travel in groups, especially at night. Avoid dimly-illuminated parks and streets at night.
In 2017, 63,846 criminal offenses were reported, a growth of 8.1% from 2016. Criminal data analysis showed an increase in cyber crimes (26.6%), counterfeit currency production (62%), bribery (38.7%), narcotic-associated crimes (13.2%), rape (12.7%), crimes that involved the use of weapons and unauthorized possession of firearms (4.4%). Road traffic safety-associated crimes increases significantly, by 452.5%, with 5,807 reported offenses (1,051 reported in 2016). Violent crimes saw a decrease of 14.5% with 2,835 incidents reported in 2017 (3,315 reported in 2016). Theft decreased by 13.2% in 2017 with 19,630 incidents reported (22,620 reported in 2016). Domestic violence cases increased by 16% in 2017, with 283 cases reported (244 incidents reported in 2016).
Organized crime exists and is the focus of several law enforcement entities. Organized crime groups are typically involved in gambling, smuggling, nightclubs/bars, cybercrimes, and financial schemes. Due to its membership in the Schengen Area and location between Belarus and Kaliningrad, both of which are significant sources of criminal activity, Lithuania is a transit state for smuggling activity. The State Border Guard Service has registered an increase in smuggling activity (primarily of cigarettes, alcohol, drugs, petrol) on the Kaliningrad-Lithuania and Belarus-Lithuania borders.
Travelers are warned to refuse invitations by strangers to come into local bars. This is a ploy to lure individuals into small bars where travelers are extorted for large amounts of cash with the threat of physical harm if they refuse to pay for supposedly purchased drinks. The scam is normally run by young women and men who speak excellent English. For more information, please review OSAC’s Report “Shaken: The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad.”
Lithuanian officials continue to report an increase in cybersecurity and cybercrimes.
In 2017, the National Cyber Security Center (CERT-LT) processed 54,414 incident reports received from Lithuanian electronic communications service providers, hosting service providers, Lithuanian internet users, and foreign country law enforcement agencies engaged in the investigations of international incidents. Compared to 2016 (49,463 reports), the number of cyber incidents increased by 10%. Crimes against security of electronic data and information systems increased by 26.6% in 2017, with 629 criminal offenses reported (497 offenses reported in 2016). According to host nation sources, the majority of these intrusions were thought to be distributed denial-of-service attacks.
For more information, please review OSAC’s Report, “Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.”
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Road conditions are generally up to Western European standards. Outside of city centers and off major throughways, road conditions often deteriorate. The roadways typically are poorly illuminated. Motorists should exercise care when driving after dark outside of city centers.
Lithuanian drivers can be aggressive; driving defensively is recommended. Travel at night by car or legitimate taxi.
Lithuania often receives an above-average amount of snow. Road conditions can deteriorate quickly with a heavy accumulation of snow. Conditions can be further exacerbated in the winter, as there are less than six hours of daylight per day.
Police have a zero-tolerance for drinking and driving, and penalties are severe. Lithuania leads the EU in annual number of accidents caused by alcohol. Police increasingly use random roadblocks, speed traps, and breathalyzer tests. Drivers in vehicles departing ferry terminals are often subjected to breathalyzer tests. As of January 1, 2017, driving with a blood alcohol content over 1.5 mils is punishable under the criminal code by fines up to several thousand Euros, arrest, or imprisonment and the revocation of the person’s driver’s license for up to 10 years.
Solicitation of bribes by authorities and highway police is a concern. Drivers stopped by highway police for speeding infractions are subject to official adjudication with final payment, if necessary, to be made through a bank. Under no circumstances should money be paid directly to a police officer.
In addition to a valid U.S. driver’s license, American citizens must possess an International Driving Permit. This permit allows driving in Lithuania for 185 calendar days; anything thereafter requires a Lithuanian driver's license.
If involved in a traffic accident, drivers are advised not to move vehicles from the accident site, as that could constitute an admission of guilt or be considered a hit-and-run violation.
For more information on self-driving, please review OSAC’s Report “Driving Overseas: Best Practices.”
Public Transportation Conditions
Public transportation (bus, trolleybus) generally provide reliable, safe, and economical services. The bus service consists of a network of lines serving Vilnius and the suburbs. Additional urban transport systems include a transnational train system. Although there are some concerns about the consistency of timetables and speed of travel, the public transportation system provides several alternatives to personal vehicle usage.
Taxi companies generally provide reliable, safe, and economical services. Avoid independent cabs that do not prominently display a company name. Visitors should be alert to the potential for substantial overcharging by taxis, particularly in areas frequented by tourists. Higher charges can be expected when a cab is stopped in the street or is idling at a taxi stand. Radio-dispatched or app-based taxis services are often much more reliable.
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has assessed the government’s Civil Aviation Authority as being in compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization aviation safety standards for oversight of Lithuania’s air carrier operations.
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Vilnius as being a LOW-threat location for terrorist activity directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
There are no known indigenous terrorist organizations in Lithuania, which is not a known base of support or sympathy for terrorists. Lithuania faces the same threat of international terrorism as other European Schengen Area countries. Lithuania is a staunch ally in the U.S. fight against terrorism and has implemented aggressive measures to protect itself.
There have been a few, small, peaceful demonstrations in front of the U.S. Embassy over the past several years.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
The U.S. Department of State has assessed Vilnius as being a LOW-threat location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
The geo-political situation in Eastern Europe has raised concerns that events, unrest, and tension could indirectly or directly affect the Baltic countries. There is no indication of these broader regional issues extending to Lithuania, but travelers would do well to stay abreast of current events in the news and post-specific information.
Demonstrations and acts of civil disobedience are generally limited and peaceful. Recent demonstrations have protested government policy on pensions, social benefits, and education relating to minority groups, especially ethnic Poles. Demonstrations are typically identified in advance via the government’s permit process and are closely monitored by law enforcement authorities. Permits are required for public demonstrations involving more than 15 persons, and most public demonstrations are generally small, numbering less than 100 participants.
There has been an increase in reports of race-related incidents during the last few years. This up-tick appeared to coincide with Europe’s refugee crisis, and though the number of reports decreased in 2016, there are still occasional comments by fringe elements of Lithuanian public society against refugees, signifying that the underlying sentiment is still present in certain elements of the population.
Falling ice from buildings can be a substantial problem in the winter and spring and has resulted in deaths, in addition to slippery roads and sidewalks.
Flooding can be an issue in low-lying areas near rivers during the spring thaw.
The main intellectual property issues are copyright infringement and the sale of counterfeit trademarked merchandise. According to industry sources, bulk distribution of counterfeit goods has dropped in recent history, but distribution of counterfeit goods by using small packages is on the rise.
Personal Identity Concerns
Small, fractional fringe element groups of neo-Nazis, skinheads, and other far-right wing extremists are present but rarely impact foreigners.
While reported incidents of violence and harassment targeting LGBT communities are rare, the LGBT community is not widely accepted.
There have been reports of unprovoked harassment and violent attacks against persons who, because of their complexion, are singled out. U.S. citizens most at risk are those of African, Asian, Hispanic, or Middle Eastern descent.
Combating drug-related crimes is a priority for police agencies. The rate of illegal drug use has increased in recent years; however, it decreased by 11.5% in 2016. Lithuania is primarily a transit country to import/export heroin and cocaine.
Police are professional and competent but suffer from a lack of resources and low salaries. Police tactical skills, resources, and emergency response capabilities still fall short of American law enforcement standards in many respects. The number of police officers has dropped significantly in the last five years due to budget constraints. The number of police officers in 2017 is approximately 8,155 as compared to 9,520 in 2015. Police response times can vary from several minutes to an hour, depending on the nature of the call, time of day, call volume, and resource constraints. Emergency police and medical responses are often hampered by significant traffic congestion and delays. In order to respond to the needs of visitors, police concentrate most of their patrols (vehicular, foot) in tourist and highly-populated areas.
Due to the regional scope of organized crime networks and activities, law enforcement cooperate closely with counterparts in the EU, the Baltic countries, Russia, and, to a lesser degree, Belarus.
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment
Incidents of police harassment and unjust detention are rare.
In the event a foreigner is detained or harassed by police, the person should comply with instructions. However, a request for an interpreter and a representative from the U.S. Embassy should be made immediately. If you are an American citizen with an emergency after regular hours (1700-0800 M-Th, 1500-0800 F and anytime during weekends/holidays), please call the U.S. Embassy (+370 5) 266 5500 and ask to speak to the Duty Officer.
Crime Victim Assistance
Emergencies services: 112
Visitors who become victims of crime should report it immediately to the local police station. After reporting the incident to the police, if you are an American citizen and/or are unable to communicate with authorities because of the language barrier, please call the U.S. Embassy (+370 5) 266 5500 and ask to speak to the Consular Duty Officer.
Emergencies services: 112
Most medical services are available in Vilnius, Klaipeda, and Kaunas. The quality of these services, however, may not be up to Western standards. Outside major cities, the quality and variety of medical aid compared to the U.S. standard is much lower and more limited.
Contact Information for Available Medical Services
For medical assistance, please refer to the Embassy’s Medical Assistance page.
Available Air Ambulance Services
In extreme cases, military or State Border Guard Service resources have been used.
General travel insurance with medevac is always recommended.
Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance
The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Lithuania.
OSAC Country Council Information
There is no active Country Council in Lithuania. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s Europe Team with any questions.
U.S. Embassy Location and Contact Information
Embassy Address and Hours of Operation
U.S. Embassy Vilnius
Akmenų g. 6
Vilnius, Lithuania LT-03106
Hours of Operation: Mon-Fri, 0800-1800. Closed for American and Lithuanian holidays.
Embassy Contact Numbers
Tel: (370-5) 266-5500
The Embassy urges all U.S. citizens to sign up with the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) through the Embassy. In the event of an emergency, the Embassy will provide information and other critical assistance to U.S. citizens. Enrollment is the only way to guarantee that the Embassy is aware of your presence in the country and is able to contact you and assist you in such circumstances.
Lithuania Country Information Sheet