Guyana 2013 Crime and Safety Report
Murder; Stolen items; Surveillance; Theft; Hotels; Rape/Sexual Violence; Transportation Security; Carjacking; Riots/Civil Unrest; Floods; Drug Trafficking; Bribery; Travel Health and Safety
Western Hemisphere > Guyana > Georgetown
Overall Crime and Safety Situation
Guyana remains rated as “Critical” for crime. Criminal activity, particularly violent crimes and crimes against people and property, continues to be a major problem. Foreigners in general are viewed as targets of opportunity but are not specifically targeted.
Serious crime, including murder and armed robbery, are common, especially in the suburban areas and the interior regions. The most recent information from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime lists Guyana’s 2010 homicide rate as 18.4 per 100,000 people -- the fourth highest murder rate in South America behind Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil. Guyana’s murder rate is three times higher than that of the United States.
Criminals appear to be able to obtain weapons with ease, despite the arduous licensing requirements for the average person to own firearms. A handgun, knife, machete, or "cutlass" are weapons of choice. Criminals may act brazenly, and police officers have been both victims and perpetrators of assaults and shootings.
Armed robberies occur regularly, especially in businesses and shopping districts. Armed robberies of business/patron establishments are becoming increasingly common in Georgetown. Criminals are often organized, travel in groups of two or more, and conduct surveillance on their victims. Criminals generally will not hesitate to show multiple weapons as an intimidation tactic during a robbery. Periodically, there are reports of robberies/attacks on American citizens and in areas frequented by expatriates. The press reported a total of 122 armed robbery incidents in 2012. It is likely that many more incidents go unreported.
American citizens reported hotel room break-ins to the U.S. Embassy in 2012, so travelers should use caution when opening their hotel room doors and should safeguard valuables left in hotel rooms.
Violence against women, particularly in a domestic context, is a pervasive problem.
Overall Road Safety Situation
Traffic accidents are a major concern in Georgetown, with speeding and driving under the influence of alcohol as contributing factors. Road and driving conditions are poor. Police sporadically enforce local traffic laws, and local drivers often drive recklessly. Stop signs and traffic signals are often ignored. Be very cognizant of other cars, large commercial vehicles, mini-buses, horse drawn carts, bicycles, mopeds, scooters, motorcycles, stray dogs, sleeping animals, and free range livestock, as they all share narrow, poorly maintained roads. A combination of very aggressive drivers and inexperienced, timid drivers makes driving especially dangerous. Driving at unsafe speeds, reckless driving, tailgating, cutting across lanes and stopping quickly without signaling, passing at intersections, and passing on crowded streets are commonplace. Driving at night poses additional concerns due to poor street lighting and road conditions, drivers not lowering high beam lights, livestock, and pedestrians congregating by the roadside.
The law requires persons involved in a traffic accident to remain at the scene until the police arrive to take a report. U.S. citizens should consider their safety in deciding whether to remain at an accident scene or to proceed to a police station, if they perceive an imminent threat. Guyana does not have trained medical personnel who routinely respond to accidents, and ambulances generally do not have medical personnel or equipment on board to provide medical care; ambulances are only for transportation. People injured in accidents are often transported by taxi.
Robbery and vehicle theft occur with some frequency in Georgetown and New Amsterdam. A total of 17 carjacking incidents were reported by the press during year 2012.
Political, Economic, Religious and Ethnic Violence
Although Guyana has ongoing border disputes with its neighbors, Venezuela and Suriname, Guyana is not engaged in any armed hostilities. The U.S. Embassy does not anticipate violence resulting from existing territorial or political controversies with neighboring countries.
U.S. companies and individuals have not been singled out as targets of politically-motivated violence. General and regional elections were held in November 2011 and were mostly peaceful with only minor protests and demonstrations following announcement of the election results. International observer groups generally deemed the elections free and fair.
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism Threats/Concerns
There is no specific threat information concerning the presence of local, regional, and/or international terrorist groups present in the country. Likewise, there is no specific threat information concerning U.S. private sector organizations serving in Guyana.
Some acts of violence were apparently politically motivated. In July 2012, arsonists razed various buildings in Linden, Region 10, in response to a rise in electricity tariffs. During the course of these events, police ranks fatally shot four people. In October 2012, protestors set vehicles on fire and blocked traffic for several hours in Agricola, Region 4. The manifestation followed a court ruling on a police brutality case, in which a police officer fatally wounded a juvenile resident of Agricola. Though these violent protests did not destabilize the government, they raised legitimate concerns about underlying political tensions.
Religious or Ethnic Violence
Guyana is a multi-cultural country. Ethnic groups, consisting mainly of people of East Indian and African descent and Amerindian groups, coexist peacefully. While incidents of violent crime appear not to be racially motivated, political differences tend to run along racial divisions. Broad based civil and religious groups have rejected publicly prominent figures’ racially-charged statements, often made around elections. Ethnic and religious diversity have not been directly linked to incidents of violence in recent years. There have been isolated incidents of violence that appear to be associated with sexual preference or identity.
There are two main rainy seasons in Guyana (December-January and May-July). However, even at other times of the year, heavy rains are possible, and flash flooding can occur. The coastal plain floods occasionally. Serious flooding, causing significant damage, occurred in greater Georgetown and along the east coast in January 2005. There has also been isolated annual flooding on the east coast.
Industrial and Transportation Accidents
Guyana has adopted a low carbon production economic development model; there are no large-scale industrial initiatives other than state-controlled rice and sugar production. A limited number of consortiums have established enterprises in the mining and oil exploration sectors. Despite the increase of industrial activities, there has been no report of large-scale accidents related to this economic sector.
Regional Travel Concerns and Restricted Travel Areas/Zones
Travel to the interior of the country requires planning and caution; travelers wishing to visit the interior are advised to make use of well-established tour companies for safer experiences. There have been reports of tourists and foreigners being robbed while traveling in the countryside, and occasional reports of bandits on rural roads and piracy on the local rivers.
Drug trafficking organizations are prevalent and pose the biggest challenge to law enforcement in Georgetown. Airport security and customs officials frequently detain and arrest individuals attempting to smuggle drugs out of Guyana. Apprehensions of drug "mules," often U.S. citizens perceived to be able to travel easily with their U.S. passport, have increased in 2012.
Local police have resource and manpower limitations that inhibit their ability to deter or respond to criminal activity. Even in the occasions when the police respond to a crime scene, victims are asked to go to the nearest police station to file a report and complete investigative formalities.
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or Harassment
Corruption is widely perceived to be commonplace within the police department and other government agencies. Police officers often are reportedly paid off by criminal elements and are alleged to work with criminals by either assisting or protecting them. The Guyanese judicial system is strained by limited resources and is subject to threats and/or bribes. Defendants linked to drug organization often use attorneys, who are effective in getting cases dismissed or postponed until they seem no longer active. As a result, criminals go free on a regular basis.
Where to Turn to for Assistance if you Become a Victim of Crime
There is an emergency telephone number "911" for police, fire, or rescue. The fire department generally provides a timely response, while a police response, especially during the night, is less dependable. The police response to emergency calls is often slow (15 minutes or longer) or not at all.
Americans who become victims of crime are advised to contact American Citizen Services (ACS) at 011-592-225-4900 x4222 or the U.S. Embassy Duty Officer after hours at 011-592-623-1992.
Medical care does not meet U.S. standards. Care is available for minor medical conditions, although quality of care is inconsistent. Emergency care and hospitalization for major medical illnesses or surgery are very limited, due to the lack of appropriately trained specialists, below standard in-hospital care, and poor sanitation.
Emergency medical services can be contacted by either "911" or "913" for an ambulance, but this number is not always operational, and an ambulance may not be available. Further, there are very few ambulances, and service is limited to transportation without any medical care and is frequently not available for emergencies.
Visitors are advised to bring prescription medicine sufficient for their length of stay and should be aware that Guyana's humid climate may affect some medicines. Some prescription medicines (mainly generic) are available.
Contact Information for Recommended Local Hospitals and Clinics
Davis Memorial Hospital has two equipped ambulances with driver/attendants trained and certified in EMT. They can be contacted through Davis Memorial Hospital at 011-592-227-2041.
The Georgetown Public Hospital on Thomas and New Market Streets is the one commonly used for responding to medical emergencies and trauma such as resulting from traffic accidents. The hospital is located approximately a quarter mile from the U.S. Embassy and generally has adequately trained staff and equipment to stabilize those in need of attention before medical evacuation to the United States or elsewhere can be arranged.
CDC Country-specific Vaccination and Health Guidance
Special attention should be paid to HIV/AIDS. In addition to elevated infection rates among high-risk populations, such as commercial sex workers and mobile populations such as miners or loggers, data from the World Health Organization shows that Guyana has among the highest prevalence rates in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Personnel traveling to regions one (1), seven (7), eight (8), nine (9), and ten (10) are advised to use malaria prophylaxis.
Incidences of water-borne diseases increase during periods of flooding. Only bottled or purified water should be consumed, and special precautions should be taken when eating fruits and vegetables, especially during the rainy seasons.
For additional health guidance, please visit the CDC at: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/guyana.
Tips on How to Avoid Becoming a Victim
All Americans are reminded to be aware of their surroundings at all times and monitor local and international news broadcasts for events that may impact on the local security situation.
Most foreigners are very visible in public and should take precautions when visiting downtown areas. Visitors should avoid wearing expensive jewelry, displaying large sums of cash in public, or otherwise appearing ostentatious.
Criminals are increasingly willing to resort to violence while committing all types of crimes. If confronted by an armed criminal, do not argue or attempt to confront him/her in any way. Quickly relinquish what you are asked to surrender.
Visitors are advised to change currency only legitimate exchanges at hotels or airports. Visitors are strongly discouraged from exchanging currency on the street.
There have been reports of criminal incidents in the vicinities of major hotels used by tourists and U.S. government employees. Walking alone outside after dark, even in the immediate vicinity of these hotels, is not recommended. Most violent crimes against foreigners have occurred in the capital; however, there have been incidents of violent crimes committed in other parts of the country.
The use of public transportation, such as mini-buses, by visitors unfamiliar with the country is highly discouraged. The use of reputable taxis, such as those offered through the major hotels and tourist agencies, is preferable, as they are usually safer, more reliable, and inexpensive.
U.S. citizens are encouraged to maintain a high level of vigilance, consider security issues when planning activities throughout Guyana, and avoid traveling at night, when possible.
Vehicle thefts do occur, and vehicle occupants should keep their doors locked, never leaving items in plain sight, and be aware of their surroundings at all times.
After dark, it is highly advisable not to walk or bike.
Residential burglaries are less common when homes have guards, who pose a deterrent to would-be thieves.
U.S. Embassy/Consulate Location and Contact Information
Embassy/Consulate Address and Hours of Operation
The U.S. Embassy is located at 100 Young and Duke Streets, Kingston, Georgetown.
Embassy/Consulate Contact Numbers
The American Citizen Services Section can be contacted at 011-592-225-4900 x4222. The Regional Security Office number is 011-592-225-4900 ext: 4243. After regular business hours and on weekends the Embassy Duty Officer can be reached at 011-592-623-1992.
The Embassy operates a warden system to communicate with registered American citizens in Guyana. To register your stay in Guyana and ensure that you receive warden messages in an emergency, please visit our website at: https://travelregistration.state.gov/ibrs/ui/. Consular information can also be found on the Embassy Georgetown website at http://georgetown.usembassy.gov/.
The U.S. Department of State’s Consular Information Sheet for Georgetown provides additional information at http://www.travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1133.html.
OSAC Country Council Information
The U.S. Embassy launched an OSAC Country Council in Georgetown in 2009. For information about joining the OSAC Country Council in Georgetown, attending Country Council meetings, or adding your organization to our electronic mailing list for security information, please contact the RSO by calling 011-592-225-4900 ext: 4243 or email at GeorgetownRSO@state.gov. Further information on OSAC Country Councils can be obtained by visiting http://www.osac.gov.