On March 6, 2017, the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Consular Affairs released an updated version of its Worldwide Caution. This report is an annotated version of that document, produced by the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) Research & Information Support Center (RISC). Clicking on underlined hypertext will allow readers to link directly to relevant OSAC reporting, some of which may be protected by password and only accessible to registered OSAC users.
As part of the Department of State’s continuous efforts to provide U.S. citizens traveling abroad with information about safety and security events, we are updating the Worldwide Caution with information on the continuing threat of terrorist actions, political violence, and criminal activity against U.S. citizens and interests abroad. This replaces the Worldwide Caution dated September 9, 2016.
As terrorist attacks, political upheaval, and violence often take place without any warning, U.S. citizens are strongly encouraged to maintain a high level of vigilance and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness when traveling. To better prepare for possible emergencies, U.S. citizens are encouraged to read Country Specific Information pages, Travel Warnings, and Travel Alerts on travel.state.gov before planning a trip.
Travelers are urged to enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency. The Department uses these security messages to convey information about terrorist threats, security incidents, planned demonstrations, natural disasters, etc. In an emergency, please contact the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate or call the following numbers: 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 from other countries.
U.S. government facilities worldwide remain at a heightened state of alert. These facilities may temporarily close or periodically suspend public services to assess their security posture. In those instances, U.S. embassies and consulates will make every effort to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens. U.S. citizens abroad are urged to monitor the local news and maintain contact with the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate.
Terrorist groups including ISIS, al-Qa’ida, their associates, and those inspired by such organizations, are intent on attacking U.S. citizens wherever they are. Extremists may use conventional or non-conventional weapons to target U.S. government and private interests. Terrorists are increasingly using less sophisticated methods of attack to more effectively target crowds, including the use of edged weapons, pistols, and vehicles as weapons. Extremists increasingly aim to assault “soft” targets, such as:
- high-profile public events (sporting contests, political rallies, demonstrations, holiday events, celebratory gatherings, etc.)
- hotels, clubs, and restaurants
- places of worship (see OSAC reporting)
- shopping malls and markets (see OSAC reporting)
- tourism infrastructure
- public transportation systems
In multiple regions, terrorists, guerrilla groups, and criminals seek to kidnap U.S. citizens to finance their operations or for political purposes. In the wake of well-publicized attacks against commercial aircraft in Egypt by ISIS and Somalia by al-Shabaab, the Department remains concerned that terrorists could again seek to down aircraft using concealed explosives or hijack commercial flights
Private U.S. citizens should not travel to any country to participate in armed conflict. U.S. citizens are reminded that fighting on behalf of or providing other forms of support to designated terrorist organizations can constitute the provision of material support for terrorism, which is a serious crime that can result in penalties, including prison time and large fines.
In addition to concerns stemming from terrorism, travelers should be alert to the possibility of political unrest, violence, demonstrations, and criminal activities when traveling. Country-specific information pages and Travel Warnings should be consulted to obtain the latest data on such threats.
Below, we provide information specific to different regions and countries. Please consult travel.state.gov for additional information.
AFRICA: An array of terrorists, guerilla, and insurgent groups are active across Sub-Saharan Africa, and the threat of al-Qa’ida and ISIS-inspired attacks constitutes a growing concern. U.S. citizens remain at risk from car bombings to complex assaults on hotels and tourist sites. In Somalia, (see OSAC reporting) terrorists frequently target hotels and the commercial aviation sector has been attacked. Additionally, a number of the aforementioned groups continue to target (see OSAC reporting) Americans traveling and working in the region for kidnap-for-ransom operations. (See OSAC’s Africa Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
Burkina Faso Travel Warning
Burundi Travel Warning
Cameroon Travel Warning
Central African Republic Travel Warning
Chad Travel Warning
Democratic Republic of the Congo Travel Warning
Eritrea Travel Warning
Ethiopia Travel Warning
Kenya Travel Warning
Mali Travel Warning
Mauritania Travel Warning
Niger Travel Warning
Nigeria Travel Warning
Somalia Travel Warning
Republic of South Sudan Travel Warning
Sudan Travel Warning
EAST ASIA and PACIFIC: Armed terrorist and criminal groups are operating in the East Asian and Pacific region (see OSAC reporting) and may attempt to target U.S. citizens (see OSAC reporting), particularly for kidnapping in the coastal areas and outlying islands of the eastern part of the Malaysian state of Sabah, and the southern Philippines. Indonesia has witnessed an increase in terrorist-related arrests and foiled plots (see OSAC reporting), and several small-scale attacks or attempted attacks have occurred. Periodic acts of violence in Thailand (see OSAC reporting) remain a concern. U.S. citizens are urged to avoid all travel to North Korea/the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) due to the serious risk of arrest and long-term detention under North Korea’s system of law enforcement. (See OSAC’s East Asia and Pacific Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
North Korea Travel Warning
Philippines Travel Warning
EUROPE: Terrorist groups continue to plot attacks in Europe as foreign fighters return home (see OSAC reporting) from Syria and Iraq, while other individuals may be radicalized or inspired by ISIS propaganda. European authorities continue to warn of additional attacks (see OSAC reporting) on major events (see OSAC reporting), tourist sites (see OSAC reporting), restaurants (see OSAC reporting), commercial centers, places of worship, and the transportation sector (see OSAC reporting), frequently prompting heightened security at notable public venues and coordinated counterterrorism operations. (See OSAC’s Europe Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
Turkey Travel Warning
Ukraine Travel Warning
MIDDLE EAST and NORTH AFRICA: Terrorist groups are very active in the Middle East and North Africa. The U.S. government remains highly concerned about possible attacks against U.S. citizens, facilities, businesses (see OSAC reporting), and perceived U.S. and Western interests in the region. Iraq, Syria, Yemen, and Libya are considered violent and unpredictable war zones, and there is no official U.S. diplomatic presence in the latter three countries. U.S. citizens should avoid these areas. Terrorist groups have demonstrated capability to conduct attacks throughout the region (see OSAC reporting), posing both a direct and indirect threat to U.S. citizens. Government officials throughout the region are concerned about the potential return of foreign fighters following ISIS’s territorial losses in Iraq, Syria, and Libya. (See OSAC’s Middle East and North Africa Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
Algeria Travel Warning
Egypt Travel Warning
Iran Travel Warning
Iraq Travel Warning
Israel, The West Bank and Gaza Travel Warning
Jordan Travel Warning
Lebanon Travel Warning
Libya Travel Warning
Saudi Arabia Travel Warning
Syria Travel Warning
Tunisia Travel Warning
Yemen Travel Warning
SOUTH and CENTRAL ASIA: The U.S. government assesses terrorist groups in South Asia may be planning attacks in the region, possibly against U.S. facilities, citizens, and interests. U.S. citizens should avoid travel to Afghanistan (see OSAC reporting), as no region in the country is immune from violence. A number of established terrorist organizations, indigenous sectarian groups, and other militants pose a danger (see OSAC reporting) to U.S. citizens in Pakistan (see OSAC reporting). Extremist elements are also active in India (see OSAC reporting), as outlined in a recent emergency message. Terrorists (see OSAC reporting) have hit a wide variety of targets (see OSAC reporting) and institutions in Bangladesh (see OSAC reporting). (See OSAC’s South and Central Asia Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
Afghanistan Travel Warning
Bangladesh Travel Warning (see OSAC reporting)
Pakistan Travel Warning
Western Hemisphere: Insurgent groups, armed criminal gangs, and terrorists remain active in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Canada. U.S. citizens are particularly vulnerable to kidnap-for-ransom attempts and violent crimes of opportunity while visiting a variety of countries. Gang- and narcotics-related violence is of concern in several countries throughout the region. See OSAC’s Western Hemisphere Page) Travel Warnings are in effect for the following countries:
Colombia Travel Warning
El Salvador Travel Warning
Haiti Travel Warning
Honduras Travel Warning
Mexico Travel Warning
Venezuela Travel Warning
For further information: