is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office
at the U.S. Embassy in Sofia. OSAC encourages travelers to use
this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in Bulgaria.
For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s Bulgaria country page
for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some
of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC
current U.S. Department of State Travel
Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Bulgaria at
Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. Review OSAC’s
report, Understanding the
Consular Travel Advisory System.
Overall Crime and
is a relatively stable country with few specific threats targeting U.S.
nationals or organizations. Located strategically as a gateway between the
Middle East, North Africa, and Europe, Bulgaria is one of the key external
borders of the European Union (EU).
U.S. Department of State has assessed Sofia as being a MEDIUM-threat
location for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
The Interior Ministry (MOI) reported an 11.3% decrease in all registered crimes
in 2019 compared to 2018. In 2019, authorities resolved 47% of cases, compared
to 43% in 2018. According to the MOI, most incidents involving U.S. nationals
are economic, including ATM skimming, credit card fraud, theft, robbery, and
motor vehicle theft. The volume and the type of reported incidents suggest that
U.S. nationals are not targets based on nationality. For 2019, there were eight
reported crimes against U.S. nationals in Bulgaria, compared with seven in
2018. MOI continues an outreach campaign targeting crimes against tourists,
allocating additional resources and training for officers on the Black Sea
coast and in winter resorts during the high tourist seasons.
registered number of murders decreased by 16% for 2019. The murder rate is less
than half that of the United States. Contract killings by organized crime
groups largely dropped off following the arrest of five “Killers” gang groups
beginning in 2010.
using public transportation or transiting crowded markets, shopping streets,
malls, etc., be particularly wary of pickpockets. Pickpocketing often includes
a diversion in the form of an argument or fight. Safeguard belongings when
visiting cafes or restaurants and while using public transportation. Be wary of
beggars and people selling trinkets and other items. Review OSAC’s reports, All That You Should
from homes and non-violent burglaries remain the most frequently registered
property crimes. Registered burglaries in 2019 decreased by 19% compared to
2018. Burglaries predominantly occur during the night, but 25% take place
during the daytime. Multiple break-ins have occurred while residents are inside
their homes. Home burglaries are more likely to involve professional criminals,
whereas thefts from adjacent buildings (e.g. attached garages, storerooms) and
thefts with no element of burglary more often involve opportunistic criminals.
While professional criminals almost exclusively look for valuables with a quick
turnover, the less professional steal anything they can use, trade, or resell. Take
measures to protect dwellings, including installing window grilles/shutters,
solid doors with secure locks, and an alarm system monitored by a security
company with an armed response capability.
robberies decreased by 9% in 2019 compared to 2018, concentrating mainly in
Sofia, where approximately 40% of all robberies occurred. Armed robbery
constitutes only 3.5% of all registered robberies. Other cities with a high
rate of robberies are Burgas, Pleven, Plovdiv, and Varna. Targets of armed
robberies were financial institutions, gas stations, retail stores, and
crime groups exert a strong influence in some bars/nightclubs and control many
prostitution rings. Pay special attention to drink prices at high-end bars and
nightclubs, as there have been instances of visitors being charged exorbitant
prices (several hundred dollars); in some establishments, the management may
use force to secure payment. Do not purchase anything from a menu without
open borders and uneven patchwork of vehicle databases make car theft
relatively easy. The MOI registered 10% decrease in car thefts in 2019, with
more than 55% of car thefts occurring in Sofia. Authorities recover less than
13% of stolen vehicles. Car thieves target new luxury cars, various models of
SUVs, and older cars that they can dismantle and sell for parts. In the last
few years, the main markets for the stolen vehicles have been the Middle East,
Albania, Kosovo, Russia, and Georgia.
trend of vehicle lock jamming emerged over the past five years, with thieves
using radio frequencies to block victims’ key fobs. Jamming leaves a car
unlocked despite the owner pressing the lock button. In some cases, criminals
have stolen vehicles using devices that mimic an electronic key. These
incidents have been prevalent at shopping centers, gas station convenience
stores, and school drop-off areas. Another scam involves a suspect(s)
puncturing a victim’s tire. While the driver changes the tire, the suspect(s) raids
should take measures to protect their offices. Some bank vaults and private
company offices reportedly have been broken into using jamming equipment to
circumvent alarm systems.
fraud is a challenge and impacts OSAC members when hiring and conducting due
diligence. The most common fraudulent documents are university diplomas,
electronic payment documents, and identification documents. According to the
Specialized Prosecutor’s Office, fraudulent international passports and ID cards
(to gain access to the EU) are available on the black market for BGN 600, Bulgarian
driving licenses for BGN 300, foreign driving licenses for BGN 700, fake primary
education diplomas for BGN 180, fake secondary education diplomas for BGN 250,
and fake higher education diplomas for BGN 650. Police operations in 2019
discovered factories for producing counterfeit ID documents and EU currency.
The police seized a massive cache of ready or unfurnished documents, computers,
printers, laminators, printing plates, inks, and other materials.
2019, there were 51 financial crimes registered against banking systems. As a
result of wide media coverage and police operations against criminals dealing
with Value Added Tax (VAT) fraud, those cases dropped significantly in 2019. Most
fraud is intra-EU. In 2018 the Bulgarian police uncovered a large, high-tech
printing factory for fake Euro and Dollar banknotes, with more than 11.5
million Euro and 1.7 million USD found in different stages of manufacturing.
skimming, computer hacking, ransomware-related incidents, business e-mail
compromise cases, and other electronic intrusions are known risks in Bulgaria.
Europe’s southeastern region poses significant cyber threats to the U.S.,
Canada, and the rest of Europe. Most common victims of computer-related fraud
are companies that trade entirely on the Internet. The Manhattan Prosecutor’s
Office charged two Bulgarian founders of OneCoin cryptocurrency for organizing
a billion-dollar financial pyramid scheme and selling cryptocurrency for fraud.
During 2019, European companies reported lost approximately 100 million Euros because
of cyber-related incidents. In a high-profile case, Austrian authorities arrested
an Israeli national residing in Bulgaria for crimes related to online financial
crime. Also in 2019, authorities arrested seven computer scammers in Bulgaria
for stealing 44 million Euros and over 15 million USD from 47 companies worldwide.
to U.S. law enforcement, Bulgarian criminals have a significant role in ATM and
credit card skimming-related fraud around the world. Until recently, Bulgarian
transnational organized criminal groups manufactured skimming devices and sent
teams to other countries to skim credit cards. These groups would then send the
proceeds back to their Bulgarian bosses. There was only a moderate amount of
the actual skimming of credit cards in Bulgaria, and these were usually to evaluate
the devices prior to deploying them abroad. This trend has changed over the
past few years, as Bulgarian criminal groups have increased their operations
dramatically domestically and abroad. As a result, ATM skimming in Sofia,
Varna, and Burgas has increased several-fold. Criminal groups target high-volume
ATMs, usually around tourist areas or shopping centers. Protect your PIN,
although that does not eliminate the risk. Use ATMs inside trusted banks and
similar institutions, and limit use of credit cards to trusted retailers and
institutions. Closely monitor your bank statements for anomalies. Destroy personally
identifiable information by shredder or similar method.
OSAC’s reports, Cybersecurity
Practices for Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, and Traveling
with Mobile Devices: Trends & Best Practices.
by taxi drivers, poor road conditions, and aggressive driving are the most
frequent road risks Americans face.
Road Safety and Road Conditions
conditions are generally underdeveloped. The government plans to continue and
complete the construction of new highways and renovate roadways, including main
boulevards and some secondary roads in the larger cities. This process causes
heavier traffic and could lead to more road accidents. In some cities, late at
night, traffic lights blink yellow in all directions, leaving right-of-way
unclear and contributing to accidents.
truck traffic along the routes from the Greek border at Kulata to Sofia, and
from the Turkish border at Kapitan Andreevo to Plovdiv, creates numerous
hazards. Expect delays at land border crossings.
conditions deteriorate during the winter, as roads become icy and potholes grow.
Traffic difficulties occur even more on small streets in Sofia, where no plows
clear snow and residents often choose four-wheel-drive vehicles for winter
driving. Rockslides and landslides occur in the mountains and Black Sea area.
driving habits, the lack of safe infrastructure, and the mixture of older
vehicles, livestock, and animal-drawn carts on the roads contribute to road
accidents and fatalities. In 2019, 6,719 heavy road accidents claimed 627 lives
and injured 8,487 individuals, representing an almost 3% increase in fatalities
from the previous year.
confrontations with aggressive drivers. In particular, drivers of luxury
vehicles/sedans tend to speed and drive erratically. Violent altercations are
not unheard of, and may involve firearms.
law allows U.S. nationals to use their U.S. driver’s license for up to three
months accompanied with an international driving permit. Thereafter, the
individual must have an international driver’s license or apply for a Bulgarian
Driver’s license. Drivers operating motor vehicles must obey the signals given
by traffic police officers. Pay all fines for traffic violations either
electronically or via bank transfer.
leaving valuables in plain view, especially in cars with foreign license
plates, and exercise caution while stopping at gas stations, motels, or
roadside restaurants. Insure cars against theft with a major insurance company.
Thieves have stolen cars left running during cold weather. When leaving a
vehicle unattended in a public location, take extra care to ensure that you
lock the door and move valuables out of plain view.
for help if you have a flat tire, and be wary of passersby offering to lend a
hand. The passerby may have caused the flat tire and be more interested in
stealing from a distracted driver than in helping.
officers may not issue spot fines or accept cash for any reason. Traffic police
officers may not issue on-the-spot fines for minor traffic violations due to
modifications in the Traffic Act. Per the law, requests for spot fines are a
form of extortion.
OSAC’s reports, Road
Safety Abroad, Driving
Overseas: Best Practices, and Evasive
Driving Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving
and road safety abroad.
Public Transportation Conditions
buses are newer, frequent, relatively fast, and comfortable. Train accidents
and fires on trains have occurred over the past few years. Criminals operate on
trains and in public transportation hubs. Sofia has a modern, clean, and
relatively safe subway (Metro) system.
should use official taxi companies. The biggest problem at airports is related
to “rip-off” taxis, which usually have an accomplice inside trying to lure
travelers to the vehicle. Some of their logos are designed to look like other
companies (“CK” v. “O.K.”). Most recently the “rip-off” taxis have been
changing one digit of the phone number from the original. Official taxi
companies have desks inside the arrival terminals; order taxis at these desks.
Check the prices on the windows of any taxicab before getting in. Do not accept
a flat rate offered by a driver in lieu of using the meter, as this rate is
often much higher than the meter would show. Review OSAC’s report, Security
In Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.
transportation is reliable, and there have been no registered airplane
accidents in the past 30 years. The national carrier, Bulgaria Air, is compliant
with the safety standards of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
There are few reports of thefts, scams, ATM skimming, or pickpocketing at the
four major airports (Sofia, Plovdiv, Burgas, and Varna).
U.S. Department of State has assessed Sofia as being a LOW-threat
location for terrorist activity directed at or affecting official U.S.
government interests. Several factors have raised the country’s
counterterrorism profile: continued migration of asylum seekers from Syria,
Iraq, Afghanistan, and other countries through Bulgaria to points north and
west; continuing deportations of people considered to be national security
risks; and extraditions of suspected foreign terrorist fighters from Bulgaria,
albeit significantly less than in the previous two years. In response to
perceived increased threats, the government has worked to enhance its
prevention and enforcement tools, including by criminalizing foreign fighters, adopting
new and comprehensive counterterrorism legislation, and releasing a
counter-radicalization strategy and national counterterrorism plan. The
following significant incidents took place in 2019:
- Bulgarian authorities arrested and
charged five Syrian nationals and a Bulgarian woman for financing terrorist
activities in Middle East countries by illegally transferring at least 25
million Euros and smuggling more than 100 vehicles to Syria. Bulgaria does not
provide safe haven to terrorists or terrorist groups.
- An Imam from the town of
Pazardzhik received an 8½-year prison sentence for attempting to radicalize
members of the local Roma community and sharing ISIS propaganda. Thirteen of
his associates also received lesser sentences for their involvement.
- Bulgarian media offices and airports
received numerous bomb threats, initiating emergency response by authorities, who
found no devices in any case.
arrested a self-radicalized teenager from Plovdiv and charged him with planning
a terrorist attack; a search found him in possession of homemade explosive
to official statistics, compared to 2018, illegal migration decreased by 29% in
2019. Bulgaria continued to demonstrate its capacity through domestic and
international police operations aimed at neutralizing illegal trafficking
channels moving migrants from Bulgaria to EU countries. Authorities apprehended
numerous persons within Bulgarian territory and at the borders, primarily with
Turkey, Greece, and Serbia. In 2019, Bulgarian authorities detained 489
individuals who had illegally crossed the border. Detainees were mainly from
Afghanistan (148), Iraq (93), Turkey (54), Syria (44), and Iran (35).
migration of asylum seekers from Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, and other countries
through Bulgaria to points north and west, along with the arrest of numerous
human smuggling rings around country demonstrates that Bulgaria remains a
transit route. With the assistance of the European Union, Bulgaria has invested
in border security, resulting in a successful reduction of the flow of illegal
migrants. Bulgaria has taken measures to enhance screening of detained migrants
and asylum seekers, as well as foreign travelers, to identify possible known
terrorists and transnational criminals entering or transiting the country.
However, Bulgarian authorities note that most of the flow of migrants is
towards Western Europe, only transiting Bulgaria with no interest in
Religious, and Ethnic Violence
U.S. Department of State has assessed Sofia as being a MEDIUM-threat
location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S.
government interests. Bulgaria’s population is generally peaceful in its
often hold demonstrations to protest or advocate specific causes. Some
political parties and organizations, particularly ultranationalist groups, have
hired protestors from local soccer fan clubs who have been violent on occasion.
While demonstrations are generally peaceful, avoid areas where protests are common.
Protests vary greatly in size, and take place in the downtown area of Sofia, in
the vicinity of the governmental buildings as well as near the Prime Minister’s
and the President’s offices. 1,739 protests reportedly took place in Bulgaria
in 2019. Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest.
violence tends to focus on Muslims and Christian missionary groups. U.S.
missionaries have been targets of harassment, physical assault, robbery, and direct
and indirect threats. Ethnic violence tends to focus on Roma or, to a lesser
extent, the ethnic-Turkish minority. While security risk from right-wing
extremist and far-left groups remains low, anti-Semitic and white supremacy
messaging has occurred, such as the annual Lukov March in February 2019 and
events based on historical events. Review OSAC’s report, Freedom to Practice,
and the State Department’s webpage on security for faith-based
general, Bulgarians tend not to hold anti-U.S. sentiment. There are, however,
several small political parties and organizations that use anti-U.S. rhetoric. Over
the past 12 months, there were two small demonstrations with fewer than 30
individuals protesting in front of the U.S. Embassy.
is in a seismically active area. In December 2019, there was a 4.1-magnitude
earthquake with an epicenter 37 kilometers northeast of Blagoevgrad, in southwest
Bulgaria. In November 2019, northwestern Albania (to the west of Bulgaria) experienced
a 6.4-magnitude earthquake, resulting in 51 deaths and 3,000 injuries.
occurs primarily during the winter/spring months. Floods are more likely in
smaller villages and towns, which have insufficient infrastructure to manage
heavy spring rainstorms and winter runoff.
weather and sizable snow fall can cause serious transportation problems,
floods, and electrical outages. In case of heavy snowfall, authorities may not
plow or salt roads, which can be extremely dangerous or close to traffic. Exercise
caution in mountainous areas, and follow the advice of the mountain rescue
services as avalanche incidents do occur. Consider mountain rescue insurance.
weather can cause serious transportation and health problems. During the
summer, authorities might declare a Code Orange for extremely hot weather in
certain districts with temperatures reaching 40°C/104°F. Forest/wildfires are
more likely in mountain areas during the summer. In 2019, there were no sizable
wildfires in the country.
European study found that Bulgaria has the most polluted air among EU
countries. Five cities with the highest levels of particulate matter in Europe –
Sofia, Pernik, Plovdiv, Pleven, and Dobrich – are in Bulgaria. High
concentrations of particulates are in the air in Pernik for about 180 days of
the year (compared to about 15 days a year for Paris and Stuttgart). Bulgaria
also has the highest concentration of carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide on the
continent. Monitor air pollution, especially problematic in urban areas during
the heating season (November – March) online.
Economic Concerns/Intellectual Property Theft
corruption remains a serious challenge and the Corruption Perception Index 2019
ranks Bulgaria 74th of 180 countries, the worst among EU countries
for perceived corruption. However, according to the European Cooperation and
Verification Mechanism report, significant progress occurred in 2019. In 2018,
Bulgaria adopted a comprehensive reform of its anti-corruption law, as well as
establishing a new, unified agency for fighting high-level corruption. There is
moderate to high risk of corruption for private organizations dealing with
public procurement, public services, police, tax and customs administration, and
the judicial system.
of corruption schemes aimed at draining public money are common. Kickbacks and
bribes plague the public procurement sector, impeding fair market competition
and resulting in fewer opportunities for foreign investors. Facilitation
payments and gifts are formally illegal, but occur frequently. Inefficiency and
corruption within the judiciary are a major obstacle to investigating and
prosecuting high-level corruption and organized crime. U.S. nationals are most
likely to encounter corruption at state-run medical facilities and from traffic
and pirated goods remain available. Some operations offering free illegal software
downloading continue to rely on Bulgarian IP addresses, despite almost a decade
of efforts to disrupt these operations. In 2019, Bulgaria ranked 61st
out of 125 countries on an International Property Rights (IPR) ranking. Several
organizations, including OSAC members, have reported difficulty when seeking
recourse for patent and trademark infringement at the Bulgarian Patent Office.
crimes are a challenge for officials and the private sector. OSAC members using
security offices, investigations, and disruption programs have met limited
success in detecting, deterring, and disrupting criminal efforts. They have
used the information gathered during these efforts to develop stronger
countermeasures. Those constituents relying on courts or a legal
department-centric strategy to protect their brand express frustration with the
lack of speed, effectiveness, and outcomes of their efforts. There have been significant
IPR investigations, including some in concert with other EU countries. The Interior
Ministry and Customs Service continue to combat the production, import, and
sale of contraband garments, shoes, cosmetics, and other products bearing
Personal Identity Concerns
are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of
LGBTI+ events in Bulgaria. However, LGBTI+ individuals face cultural stigma and
widespread discrimination. LGBTI+ individuals engaging in public displays of
affection may attract unwelcome attention or harassment. Review the State
Department’s webpage on security for LGBTI+
law requires improved access to buildings for persons with disabilities and new
public projects take this requirement into account, but authorities rarely
enforce this law in older buildings. Bulgarian law prohibits discrimination
against persons with physical and mental disabilities in employment, education,
and access to health care, but societal discrimination persists. Commuting in
Bulgaria is very difficult for disabled individuals. Buses, trams, and trolleys
generally lack accommodation for disabled travelers. The Sofia metro is the
most accessible system for disabled individuals, but its transportation network
is limited. Disabled travelers should consider traveling with a friend or
family member who can assist them in navigating the transportation systems in
Bulgaria. Review the State Department’s webpage on security for travelers
MOI reports that drug-related crime decreased by 2% in 2019, compared with
2018. This is the first time in several years that there has been a drop in
reported drug related crimes. However, drug abuse and addiction continue to
climb, and the average age of first-time drug users is dropping. Bulgaria is a gateway
country for the transit of illicit drugs and contraband into and out of the
European Union. Bulgaria serves as a major transshipment point for heroin from
Southwest Asia to Europe. Organized crime groups are involved heavily in drug
trafficking. Heroin and synthetic drugs are the primary drugs that transport
through Bulgaria, principally overland via Transports Internationaux Routiers
(TIR) trucks, passenger vehicles, buses, vans, and small trucks. Small amounts move
by air. Varna and Burgas are entry points for pre-precursor chemicals and controlled
substances, including cocaine, which moves from Bulgaria into the Balkans,
Greece, and Western Europe.
had numerous successes investigating the movement of drugs through Bulgaria
with significant seizures of large volumes of narcotics made, including heroin
(676 kg), cocaine (297 kg), marijuana (2938 kg), synthetic drugs (225 kg), and
synthetic tables (3,462 tablets).
as a tactic used by organized crime decreased following the arrest of the “Impudent”
gang in 2009. Kidnappings primarily involved rival criminal groups seeking
ransom or unresolved financial dealings. In August 2017, masked, armed men kidnapped
the 25-year old son of a prominent businessman as he left his house for work.
They released him 11 days into his captivity after his family paid a ransom. Review
OSAC’s report, Kidnapping:
has significant historical locations and archaeological sites that have been
exploited by antiquities trafficking. Traffickers illegally remove hidden,
stolen, or found antiquities from the country to sell in foreign auctions. Organized
crime groups also use them to launder money. In 2019, an ancient Bulgarian
pendant was up for auction in the U.S. for upwards of $47,000. Read the State
Department’s webpage on customs
and import restrictions for information on what you
cannot take into or out of other countries.
emergency line in Bulgaria is 112. For local first responders, please refer to
the Embassy’s Emergency
Assistance page. Download the State Department’s Crime Victims Assistance brochure.
MOI is the primary law enforcement body in Bulgaria, encompassing the National
Police Service, Border Police, Fire and Civil Protection, Migration, and Chief
Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. It oversees 28 regional police
directorates and over 180 police stations. With more than 55,000 employees, the
MOI oversees a vast mission of law enforcement, national security, public
order, fire safety, border security, immigration, and traffic enforcement. Most
interactions U.S. nationals have with law enforcement would be with MOI
Bulgarian customs administration is a centralized administrative structure,
organized within the National Customs Agency (NCS) under the Minister of
Finance. NCS counteracts the contraband channels of different goods and drugs. NCS
also collects all duties and excises paid to the state budget.
National Investigative Service (NIS) is the investigative arm of the
Prosecution Service, which is part of the Judiciary. It works with the Interior
and Justice Ministries to conduct investigations.
National Protection Service (NSO) provides protective security to Bulgaria’s
national leadership including the president, prime minister, and visiting
government dignitaries, but does not conduct criminal investigations.
State Agency for National Security (DANS) is a domestic security agency with
investigative responsibility but. Since 2015, DANS has no law enforcement
authority. It coordinates closely with intelligence services and law
enforcement agencies depending on the nature of their investigation.
medical emergency line in Bulgaria is 112. Dispatchers are likely to speak English, and ambulances
will usually transport a patient to a private hospital of their choosing.
Ambulance service can be slow; in large cities, it may take 30+ minutes. If
there is a medical emergency in Sofia, it may be quicker to call a taxi or ask
a friend or colleague to drive you to a hospital.
providers are trained to a very high standard, but most hospitals and clinics,
especially in rural areas, are not equipped or maintained to U.S. or Western
European standards. Basic medical supplies and over-the-counter and
prescription medications are widely available, but highly specialized
medication and/or treatment regimens may not be available. Those in need of
specialized services for an infant/child should call ahead to ensure those
services will be available. Find contact information for available medical
services and available air ambulance services on the U.S.
no longer has air ambulance (helicopter) services for response in event of
emergencies. When needed (such as for international sporting events), Bulgaria
contracts out air ambulance services from third countries. Plans have been made
(but not yet implemented) for the purchase of three air ambulance helicopters
through the use of EU funds, but are currently not operational.
medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the
U.S. may cost tens of thousands of dollars. It is imperative that U.S. nationals
have enough cash (or access to cash) to cover a medical emergency. Most doctors
and hospitals expect immediate cash payment for services rendered. The U.S. Department
of State strongly recommends purchasing international health insurance before
traveling internationally. Review the State Department’s webpage on insurance
(TB) continues to be a serious health concern.
CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Bulgaria.
Review OSAC’s reports, The Healthy Way, Traveling with Medication, I’m Drinking What in My Water?, Shaken: The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for
Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad.
OSAC Country Council
is an active OSAC Country Council in Sofia. Contact OSAC’s Europe team for more information or to join.
U.S. Embassy Contact
16 Kozyak Street, Sofia 1408
Regular hours: 0800 – 1730, Monday
Telephone: +359 2 937 5100.
Emergencies: +359 (2) 937 5101
you travel, consider the following resources: