is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office
at the U.S. Consulate General in Lagos. OSAC encourages travelers to use
this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in southern Nigeria.
For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s Nigeria country page for
original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of
which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC
Consulate General Lagos has security and consular responsibility for the
following states in Nigeria: Abia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bayelsa, Cross River,
Delta, Ebonyi, Enugu, Edo, Ekiti, Imo, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, and Rivers.
U.S. Embassy Abuja has security and consular responsibility for all other
states in Nigeria, as well as the Federal Capital Territory.
The current U.S. Department of State Travel
Advisory at the date of this report’s publication
assesses Nigeria at Level 3, indicating travelers should reconsider travel to
Nigeria due to crime, terrorism, civil unrest, kidnapping, and maritime crime,
which includes kidnappings, hijackings, boardings, theft, etc. Do not
travel to Borno and Yobe States and Northern Adamawa State due to terrorism; Adamawa,
Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, and Yobe states due to kidnapping; and Coastal
areas of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Cross Rivers, Delta, and Rivers states (with the
exception of Port Harcourt) due to crime, civil unrest, kidnapping, and
maritime crime. Review OSAC’s report, Understanding
the Consular Travel Advisory System.
Overall Crime and
U.S. Department of State has assessed Lagos as being a CRITICAL-threat location for crime directed at or affecting
official U.S. government interests. Crime is prevalent throughout Nigeria. Most
crime directed toward U.S. travelers and private-sector entities in southern
Nigeria seeks financial gain. U.S. visitors and residents have been victims of
a wide range of violent crime, including armed robbery, assault, burglary,
carjacking, rape, kidnapping, and extortion. The mostly commonly reported
crimes are armed robbery, kidnap for ransom, and fraud. In addition, mainland
portion of Lagos has experienced periodic outbreaks of violence, resulting from
clashes among localized street gangs known as “Area Boys.” Based on current trends, the number of these
crimes often increase during the months of September, October, November, and
December, leading up to the holiday season. Review OSAC’s reports, All
That You Should Leave Behind.
robbers have targeted occupants in vehicles. Smash-and-grab robberies are
common, with thieves canvassing stopped vehicles for valuables. Thieves will
break the vehicle’s window or simply reach in and grab items while a vehicle
stops in traffic. Cooperate if an armed assailant or carjacker approaches;
resistance may invite violence.
invasions remain a serious threat, with armed robbers even targeting guarded
compounds. Perpetrators have scaled perimeter walls, followed
residents/visitors, and/or subdued guards to gain entry. Armed robbers in Lagos
have invaded waterfront compounds and businesses by boat, using waterways as a
means of escape. Review OSAC’s reports, Hotels:
The Inns and Outs and Considerations
for Hotel Security.
is rampant throughout southern Nigeria, particularly the Niger Delta region
including Port Harcourt. Multiple armed criminal elements exist throughout
Nigeria, ranging from low-level to organized syndicates. Cultist or gang
violence, which often erupts in supremacy battles between various groups, is a
Cybercrime has become a concern and is becoming more
sophisticated. Business email compromise has proliferated and has included
phishing, spear phishing, and even social engineering techniques. The technical
proficiency has improved, making suspicious emails and contacts harder to
OSAC’s reports, Cybersecurity
Practices for Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling
with Mobile Devices: Trends & Best Practices, and Satellite
Phones: Critical or Contraband?
Road Safety and Road Conditions
drivers typically disregard traffic laws. Scooters and motorcycles generally do
not follow the rules of the road, often using sidewalks to maneuver around
other vehicles. Traffic lights and signs, lanes, and highway divisions are
often nonexistent or frequently unheeded where they do exist. Formal driver
training and enforcement of licensing are random. Remain a safe distance behind
the vehicle ahead to allow space for avoidance maneuvers.
are not well-maintained and do not meet Western standards. Vehicle disablement,
especially flat tires, due to poor road conditions is common. Pedestrian
traffic is present on the roadside at all hours. Most roads lack lighting at
night, making travel after dark particularly hazardous. Few major routes
connect cities, so construction, accidents, and rush-hour traffic cause traffic
jams (“go-slows”) and major delays.
is only limited and minimally effective enforcement of laws by local traffic
officials. Traffic police officers routinely seek bribes. Drivers of all
nationalities may experience harassment and shakedowns at vehicle checkpoints
and during other encounters with officials. Vehicle occupants should always
remain polite, slow down, and acknowledge police or military at checkpoints.
traffic accidents occur, drivers often do not pull over to the side road;
instead, they attempt to solve the issue at the location of the accident,
blocking traffic. This practice often draws crowds of onlookers looking for
money in exchange for offering their opinions of who was at fault. Accidents
are frequent and often involve fatalities, especially on the major highways.
Many traffic accidents go unreported, and no reliable statistics exist on
traffic fatalities due to the lack of centralized reporting. The lack of
medical response and adequate trauma facilities is a major concern.
have ambushed vehicles stopped at checkpoints or other obstructions in the
roadway. To minimize this risk, drivers and passengers should remain vigilant
when stopping at these barriers.
in an area protected by a security guard or with access control to mitigate
risk of vehicle theft or theft of belongings from vehicles. When stuck in
traffic, always lock doors and roll up windows. Hawkers sell goods in between
the lanes of traffic during rush hour, and indigent people beg aggressively at
car windows at major intersections and may knock on the vehicle window or try
to open doors. Be alert for suspicious persons when exiting or approaching your
vehicle, as individuals sometimes steal items from vehicles through unlocked
doors and rolled down windows. Robberies, including those involving armed
perpetrators, have occurred along major roadways; criminals may target vehicles
caught in traffic jams, particularly along bridges between the mainland and
islands and at night.
traveling outside of major cities after dark because of crime and road safety
concerns. Road travel can be extremely difficult during the rainy seasons
(March-August and September-mid-October).
OSAC’s reports, Road
Safety Abroad, Driving
Overseas: Best Practices, and Evasive
Driving Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving
and road safety abroad.
Public Transportation Conditions
taxis (okadas) are of particular
concern. Okadas present a significant
nuisance and danger to other motorists, with unpredictable driving and a lack
of compliance to traffic rules. Okada drivers (and even passengers) often
become confrontational and violent when involved in accidents. Okada drivers
may engage in crime, either as active participants or as the means of escape.
are usually yellow or white vans filled beyond their capacity with riders.
Occasionally, they are lures for robberies where the occupants of the vehicle
work as a team to rob an unsuspecting passenger after they enter the vehicle,
assaulting the occupant and then dropping them nearby. Taxis can be unmarked
and sometimes found parked illegally outside major shopping centers,
high-traffic areas, or large office buildings with sizeable workforces such as
a bank headquarters.
applications are active in Lagos, but crime and scams do exist. Uber is active,
as well as a motorcycle ride share known as GoKada. Some rideshare application
drivers use additional applications that mimic legitimate ones, but charge
users at a higher than normal rate. Authorities do not enforce insurance,
licensing, and other standard ridesharing practices in Nigeria; riders may be
taking a risk using these services.
car service companies exist and employ vetted drivers, use kill switches in
vehicles, and operate a tracking program on their vehicles. Armored vehicles
are available for rent in Lagos.
in Nigeria tend to be a slow and relatively safe form of transportation. However,
consider ground transportation options once you arrive at your destination, as
well as the limited options for escape, should there be a criminal and/or
terrorist action against the train at a scheduled stop or along the route.
OSAC’s report, Security
In Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.
at Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS) has improved in recent years. Airport
officials generally comply with Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
security standards. TSA conducts regular security assessments at LOS. Travelers
exiting the terminals can expect transients to approach asking for money,
sometimes aggressively. Reports of extortion and bribery solicitation attempts
by airport officials remain a concern. Delays and cancellations can affect
domestic travel throughout the country.
road construction along the Oshodi Airport Interchange can cause delays
traveling to and from the airport. As you approach the airport, the road
becomes congested with vehicular and pedestrian traffic.
U.S. Department of State has assessed Lagos as being a HIGH-threat location for terrorism directed at or affecting
official U.S. government interests. The threat of terrorism continues to
challenge business activity and travel throughout Nigeria. Terrorists groups
may attack with little or no warning, targeting shopping centers, malls,
markets, hotels, places of worship, restaurants, bars, schools, government
installations, transportation hubs, and other places where crowds gather.
attacks occur predominately in the northern part of the country. Do not travel
to northern Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States due to terrorism. While the
epicenter for terrorist activity is in Borno State, other states in the
Northeast and other parts of Nigeria may also be affected. Boko Haram, and ISIS
West Africa have previously targeted churches, schools, mosques, government
installations, educational institutions, and entertainment venues in Adamawa,
Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Kaduna, Kano, Plateau, Taraba, and Yobe states, and
inside the Federal Capital Territory.
In 2016, Boko Haram divided into two factions. The new faction
calls itself Islamic State in West Africa Province (ISIS-WA) and is an ISIS
affiliate, while the other faction remained loyal to its historical leadership.
Boko Haram is suspected of or has claimed responsibility for most of the
terrorist activity in Nigeria, but ISIS-WA has become increasingly active. Boko
Haram has conducted kidnappings, killings, bombings, and attacks on civilian
and military targets, resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, injuries, and
significant destruction of property. While most active in northern Nigeria,
Boko Haram actions have at times approached Lagos. The group is likely
responsible for a 2014 prison break in Ekiti state and also for a 2014 suicide
bombing next to an oil depot in Apapa, Lagos State. In the areas immediately
surrounding Lagos, news outlets have reported the arrest of Boko Haram members,
but no attacks. Both Boko Haram and ISIS-WA likely seek to conduct attacks
outside of northern Nigeria, including Lagos.
Religious, and Ethnic Violence
U.S. Department of State has assessed Lagos as being a HIGH-threat location for political violence directed at or
affecting official U.S. government interests. Nigeria’s 2019 elections were,
for the most part, relatively peaceful compared with previous elections, with
civil society groups recording 40 election-related fatalities on Presidential
Election Day. States in the South-South (Niger Delta), and particularly in Rivers
State, experienced the most violence during their gubernatorial elections.
Political criminals smashed and destroyed ballot boxes and burned or raided
election centers to support the political party with the most money/influence;
party agents bought votes out in the open, and security forces and gangs
engaged in voter intimidation. Victims of politically related killings ranged
from youth political group members and gang members to mid-level political
bosses and some nonaffiliated civilians. Political rallies in Lagos and Rivers
also resulted in the deaths of several spectators; in one notable incident, at
least 14 people reportedly died during an All Progressive Conference rally in
Rivers State in February 2019. Other than Rivers state, most of the urban
centers in southern Nigeria remained mostly calm in the wake of the elections.
There is no indication that political violence will return due to
elections-related shifts in political power.
occurs in pockets of southern Nigeria due to endemic poverty, poor education,
youth unemployment, and high levels of inequality. Many individuals struggle on
a daily basis to access clean water, reliable power, and basic healthcare. In
some communities, domestic and international efforts to address these issues
occasionally have the unintended consequence of creating divisions within and
among communities as groups vie for access to resources. In isolated incidents,
protests against the government related to these issues have led to violence. Review
OSAC’s report, Surviving
of intercommunal violence, including herder-settler violence emanating from the
Middle Belt, occur in southern Nigeria and can prompt reprisals. Upticks in
armed criminality, including armed banditry and kidnapping, are associated with
intercommunal violence in the Middle Belt.
disaster management and emergency preparedness are ineffective due to limited
resources and capacity. Crowd control and medical response during
demonstrations is erratic. Many private-sector organizations operate their own
disaster management and emergency preparedness programs that can be more
effective than the local response. Air pollution is a significant problem in
several major cities in Nigeria. Consider the impact seasonal smog and heavy
particulate pollution may have on you, and consult your doctor before traveling
Critical Infrastructure Concerns
urban growth has led to greater poverty, increasing local government inability
to provide services for all people. The growing population, relatively low per
capita income, and inadequate existing infrastructure are all causes for
concern as the government confronts critical deficits in infrastructure and
public services including transportation, electricity, water, and sanitation
services. Poor infrastructure and public services leaves people disenfranchised,
reduces economic opportunities, and presents logistical challenges. Rapid
urbanization and the absence of affordable housing have led to the expansion of
slum areas, exacerbating socio-economic disparities, and contributing to
widespread poverty within the city. Infrastructure remains poor throughout
Lagos, including in affluent areas; in March 2019, two separate buildings
collapsed in the affluent area of Lagos Island, killing 20-30 individuals.
Nigeria also experienced multiple natural gas and fuel truck explosions in 2019.
Natural gas explosions generally occur due to poorly maintained pipelines,
theft, and insufficient safety protocols at illegal refilling depots. In
addition, fuel truck explosions from overturned tankers killed over 100 people
in southern Nigeria and injured hundreds more in 2019.
Nigeria’s status as an oil producer, fuel shortages occur, as it exports crude
oil and imports refined fuel. Such shortages often prompt large crowds and
lines to form around fuel stations, and encourages the proliferation of street
vendors that sell fuel at higher prices. Such gatherings around fuel stations
and vendors occasionally escalate to unrest, as crowds become agitated while
waiting throughout the day.
the Niger Delta region, indigenous militant groups actively target oil pipeline
infrastructure and oil company personnel, including those of several major
international and U.S. companies. Attacks targeting international oil companies
led to a suspension of operations in the region in 2016; operations have since
resumed. Niger Delta militant groups have separatist ambitions, while others
are predominantly criminal in nature. Kidnapping for ransom targeting oil
workers is prevalent in the region, perpetrated by a variety of armed groups
including militants and criminal elements.
Economic Espionage/Intellectual Property Theft
Economic fraud involving credit
card fraud, skimming, and identity theft is widespread. Personal checks are not
a commonly accepted monetary instrument. ATM and credit cards are accepted at
larger, reputable locations, but visitors should use them with caution. Some
international hotel brands are present in Lagos and throughout southern
Nigeria. These locations have adequate security and safety measures in place.
Due to widespread identity and financial fraud, do not carry unnecessarily
detailed information about yourself and your financial situation. Review OSAC’s
reports, The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers
and Taking Credit.
Scams are prevalent, and include offers
of fake business opportunities and romance schemes. Fraud is common in Nigeria,
with “419” style advance-fee fraud being the most pervasive. 419 scams are
classic email frauds and frequently involve the well-known “Nigerian Prince”
scam. However, more sophisticated scams and fraud networks exist. One of these
more sophisticated scam-based criminal enterprises include “Yahoo boys” who use
diverse ploys and platforms including dating sites, chat rooms, social media,
and other online conduits to deceive their victims.
Fraud also finds its way into the
private sector via business fraud and investment scams, especially when
attempting to lease or purchase land in Lagos State. Remain wary of business
offers promising large payoffs for little investment. Review the U.S. Embassy’s
webpage on scams.
Online dating scams are elaborate
and believable, and prey on vulnerable people searching for love. An increasing
number of incidents involve scammers persuading middle-aged U.S. or European
females to travel to Nigeria to marry fiancés they met online. Although the
women believe the relationship is legitimate, Nigeria-based perpetrators
deliberately cultivate these connections to obtain immigration and/or financial
benefits. In most instances, the Nigerian contacts defraud victims of their
savings; however, in a handful of cases, they hold victims against their will
after traveling to Nigeria, and occasionally physically and/or sexually assault
them in order to obtain cooperation.
Many romance scams originate on
legitimate dating websites and quickly transition to personal messaging
applications, such as WhatsApp or Skype. The person based in Nigeria will court
the foreigner online and initially ask for small amounts of money to cover
“traditional” wedding expenses and visa fees. The Nigeria-based person may or
may not use photographs with their true identity. Recent reports suggest that
Nigeria-based perpetrators have increasingly asked for sexually explicit or
provocative photographs for later use to extort money from the foreign victim.
Personal Identity Concerns
Rape remains a serious problem.
There is no comprehensive national law for combatting violence against women.
Rape is a crime in Nigeria, but sentences for persons convicted of rape and
sexual assault are inconsistent and often minor. According to the Violence
against Persons Prohibition (VAPP) Act, currently applicable only in the
Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) until adopted by the states, rape is
punishable by 12 years to life imprisonment for offenders older than 14, and a
maximum of 14 years’ imprisonment for all others. The VAPP Act also addresses
sexual violence, physical violence, psychological violence, harmful traditional
practices, and socioeconomic violence. Federal law criminalizes female
circumcision or genital mutilation (FGM/C). Twelve states have also banned
FGM/C, though the practice remains common in parts of both northern and
southern Nigeria. Review the State Department’s webpage on security for female travelers.
Consensual, same-sex sexual
relations are illegal in Nigeria. Entering same-sex marriage contracts and
civil unions (defined to include “any arrangement between persons of the same
sex to live together as sex partners”) is also illegal, with punishments
including fines and prison sentences of up to 14 years. Nigerian law does not
recognize same-sex marriage contracts and civil unions entered into in a foreign
country. Public displays of affection between persons of the same sex are also
punishable by up to ten years’ imprisonment. The law allows for the prosecution
of persons who support or belong to advocacy groups relating to LGBTI+ issues,
with prison sentences of up to ten years. U.S. citizens who participate in free
speech or assemblies relating to same sex marriage could potentially face
prosecution under this law. In the following northern states, where Sharia law
applies, penalties can also include death: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Jigawa,
Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger, Sokoto, Yobe, and Zamfara. Review the
State Department’s webpage on security for LGBTI+ travelers.
Persons with disabilities can
expect to experience difficultly in terms of accessibility and accommodation. Review
the State Department’s webpage on security for travelers with disabilities.
Review OSAC’s report, Freedom to Practice, and the State Department’s
webpage on security for faith-based travelers.
Piracy and Maritime Security
emanating from Nigeria presents an ongoing challenge for regional maritime
security in the Gulf of Guinea (GoG). The majority of GoG piracy events in 2019
occurred in or near Nigerian waters. However, dozens of incidents occurred in
international waters or off the coasts of other GoG countries. Nigerian pirates
have been implicated in several of these incidents. In 2019, at least 50 piracy
incidents (e.g. boardings, hijackings, and armed attacks on vessels) occurred
in and around Port Harcourt and Lagos, including in ports, anchorage points,
and inland waterways. Nigeria-based pirates range in sophistication from
opportunistic thieves seeking to steal easily lootable items to highly
organized bands capable of operating far from coastlines, hijacking ships and
moving them over long distances, and offloading large amounts of cargo via
ship-to-ship transfers. Increasingly, pirates have kidnapped crewmembers and
offshore oil workers for ransom. In such cases, pirates have transferred
victims to other vessels or even taken them ashore to hideouts in southern
Nigeria. Nigerian pirates have targeted foreign, and particularly Western,
personnel for KFR, likely due to the perception that they can exact higher
ransoms for their release.
Nigerian Navy maintains a monopoly over maritime security operations. However,
they are not adequately manned, trained, or equipped to police their
territorial waters to Western standards. Security responses to incidents are
inconsistent and unpredictable.
(KFR) is a lucrative industry and continues to be a security concern nationwide,
but is prevalent in southern Nigeria. Kidnapping incidents, including those
affecting expatriates, are under-reported making it difficult to determine the
exact number of such events.
often choose as victims members of the Nigerian diaspora returning home from
abroad for either a holiday or a specific reason (death in the family/wedding),
targeting them due to their perceived affluence. However, kidnappers also take
multiple expatriates each year, including in southern Nigeria. Kidnappers
frequently target road travelers, and abduct victims from their residences or
other frequented locations. Security escorts and guards do not deter all
kidnappers. Often, the victim’s family pays a ransom and the kidnappers
returned the victim unharmed.
early 2017, Lagos state strengthened the penalty for kidnapping. Conviction for
kidnapping now carries a life sentence. If a kidnap victim dies in captivity,
kidnapping becomes a capital crime.
kidnappings involving U.S. citizens occurred in 2019; a majority concluded with
the payment of some form of ransom prior to the release. Most kidnapped U.S.
citizens are Nigerian-American dual citizens. The duration of KFR incidents
ranges from less than a week to more than a month. Criminals know that families
rarely contact police during a kidnapping ordeal, and that they are quick to
pay ransoms for the release of their loved ones. The private sector often
spends substantial resources in physical protection of expatriates and other
potential high-value KFR targets, as well as during hostage recovery efforts;
this includes the purchase of KFR insurance policies. At times, the security
personnel protecting expatriates have died during the initial abduction.
Abduction attempts often involve extensive planning by kidnappers, who often
have a social or familial connection to the victim and are aware of the
movements and habits.
suspected kidnappings immediately to the U.S. Embassy. Review OSAC’s report, Kidnapping:
photograph public buildings, monuments, or airports. Review OSAC’s report, Picture
This: Dos and Don’ts for Photography.
the State Department’s webpage on customs
and import restrictions for information on what you cannot take into or out
of other countries.
is no reliable national emergency communication number. Contact the American
Citizen Services unit at the U.S. Consulate General for crime victim’s
assistance. The emergency line in Lagos is 767 or 112. Inquire at the nearest police station
about the contact telephone numbers for that particular station. Despite a
visible police presence in large cities, police response is variable. Law
enforcement authorities usually respond slowly or not at all and provide
minimal investigative support to victims. The Rapid Response Squad’s policing
capacity and emergency response capabilities continue to grow, but remain in a
serious lack of resources (e.g. communications equipment, vehicles, skilled
leadership, training) continues to undermine the effectiveness of the Nigeria
Police Force (NPF). Usually, victims must maintain close contact with local
police to move an investigation forward. Crime laboratories and facilities to
process evidence are rare. A DNA forensic lab opened in late 2017.
and affluent Nigerians employ their own security and use armored vehicles for
travel. Businesses and individuals frequently hire police officers and other
law enforcement agents to provide armed private security. Most businesses
employ guard services, and many companies offer varying quality of service. As
Nigerian law prohibits the arming of private security personnel, police often
supplement guard forces; you can make these arrangements via your local guard
company or at a local police station.
be polite and respectful of police officers, soldiers, or any Nigerian who
appears to be in a position of authority. Most Nigerians do not perceive the
NPF as an effective law enforcement body and have little faith in the criminal
justice system. A call to police for assistance may result in the solicitation
of bribes. Criminal groups do not fear arrest or prosecution for their
activities. Local police and neighborhood associations generally do not deter
or disrupt crimes, and seldom apprehend or detain suspects.
justice is common. Mobs may attack perpetrators of crime before police arrive.
During the 2019 Presidential elections in Lagos, a crowd stoned to death one
individual suspected of stealing a ballot box from a polling station.
the State Department’s Crime Victims Assistance brochure.
has well-trained doctors, yet medical facilities are generally poor. The best
health care in Nigeria is available in private and nonprofit medical
facilities. However, even these facilities may fail to meet U.S. standards. Find
contact information for available medical services and available air ambulance
services on the U.S.
medicines are unavailable, including medications for diabetes and hypertension.
Use caution when purchasing medicines locally, as counterfeit pharmaceuticals
are a common problem and may be difficult to distinguish from genuine
medications. Consider bringing a sufficient supply of needed medication.
services comparable to those in the United States or Europe are non-existent,
and the blood supply is unreliable and unsafe for transfusion. For serious
medical problems, consider traveling to the United States, Europe, or South
Africa for treatment.
private hospitals and clinics require cash payment before receiving any care.
Prices can be quite high, and it is often difficult to withdraw the required
amount of money in a single bank transaction. Hospitals may detain patients who
have not paid in full or deny services, even during exigent circumstances. The U.S.
Department of State strongly recommends purchasing international health
insurance before traveling internationally. Review the State Departments
webpage on insurance
Typical childhood diseases such as measles, mumps, and chickenpox
are common in Nigeria. All travelers should be up to date with all these
immunizations, as well as such travel related immunizations such as hepatitis
A, meningococcal, typhoid, and Yellow Fever. The following diseases are
prevalent: Cholera; Dengue; Diarrheal illness; Hepatitis B; HIV/AIDS; Lassa
Fever; Loiasis; Pertussis; Polio; Rabies; Rubella; Schistosomiasis; Tetanus; Trypanosomiasis;
is prevalent throughout the country, and yellow fever is present. You must
prove yellow fever immunization to enter Nigeria. All travelers should take
anti-malarial medication, even for short stays. Bring malaria chemoprophylaxis
with you. Carry and use insect repellents containing either 20% DEET,
picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535. Treat clothing and tents with
permethrin. Sleep in screened or air-conditioned rooms under
insecticide-impregnated mosquito nets.
areas have safe tap water. Bottled water and beverages are generally safe,
although many restaurants and hotels serve tap water unless patrons specifically
request bottled water. Restaurants may use tap water to make ice for drinks. Review
OSAC’s report, I’m Drinking What in My
U.S. citizens have suffered serious
complications or died while seeking medical care from non-traditional “healers”
and practitioners. Maintain access to licensed emergency medical
facilities in such cases.
CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Nigeria.
OSAC’s reports, The
Healthy Way, Traveling
with Medication, Shaken:
The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare
for Travel, and Fire
OSAC Country Council
OSAC Country Councils are active in both Lagos and Abuja. Both
Country Councils meet the last Thursday of each month. Access to both is available
to active OSAC members only. Private-sector representatives interested in
participating in the Country Councils should contact OSAC’s Africa
team for more information.
2 Walter Carrington Crescent, Victoria
Consulate Operator: +234
Marine Security Guard at Post One:
Other U.S. Diplomatic Posts In Nigeria
U.S. Embassy Abuja, Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja.
you travel, consider the following resources: