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Overseas Security Advisory Council
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Greece Country Security Report

Travel Advisory

The current U.S. Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses that travelers should not travel to Greece due to COVID-19. Review OSAC’s report, Understanding the Consular Travel Advisory System.

The Institute for Economics & Peace Global Peace Index 2021 ranks Greece 66 out of 163 worldwide, rating the country as being at a medium state of peace.

Crime Environment

​The U.S. Department of State has assessed Athens and Thessaloniki as being LOW-threat locations for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.

The U.S. Department of State has not included a Crime “C” Indicator on the Travel Advisory for Greece.

The crime emergency line in Greece is 112. Review the State Department’s Crime Victims Assistance brochure.

Crime: General Threat

​Most crimes are non-violent, with street crimes (e.g., pickpocketing, purse snatchings, mobile phone theft) being the most common. Most of these cases occur within the popular tourist areas and on the Metro system (rail and bus). Many of the incidents involve multiple perpetrators using various methods to distract their victims. Be particularly careful on crowded streets and in other high-density areas (e.g., entertainment districts, department stores, restaurants, underground pedestrian street-crossings, crowded public transportation).

Residential burglaries and thefts of parked vehicles in 2020 showed a significant decrease (-30%) from prior year reports. Reported crimes involving narcotics showed a slight increase (+12%), while crimes involving weapons and explosives showed a slight decrease (-3%) compared to 2019.

Sexual assault crimes remain very low relative to the size of the population. Approximately 75 rapes were reported during the year. However, 2019 media reports show that only approximately one out of every 22 rapes are reported to authorities. Sexual assaults of U.S. nationals, while uncommon, do occur.

Drink alcohol in moderation and stay in control. Never leave your drink unattended in a bar or club. Some bars and clubs serve counterfeit or homemade spirits of unknown potency.

Crime: Areas of Concern

​One day each week, individual neighborhoods host a farmer’s market called the Laiki. The market provides cover for criminal groups to descend on different neighborhoods, with police noting an uptick in pickpocketing and residential burglaries on these days.

There are no areas that are off limits for U.S. Embassy personnel. 

Review OSAC’s reports, All That You Should Leave Behind, Hotels: The Inns and Outs, Considerations for Hotel Security, and Taking Credit.  

Kidnapping Threat

The U.S. Department of State has not included a Kidnapping “K” Indicator on the Travel Advisory for Greece. Review OSAC’s reports, Kidnapping: The Basics and Active Shooter and Kidnapping Response Tips.

Drug Crime

​Greece continues to be a transit point for drug trafficking between drug-producing countries in the east and drug-consuming countries in the west. Drug trafficking remains a significant issue in Greece’s battle against organized crime. Available data through December 2020 reflects an increase (+12%) in the number of narcotics-related cases for that year.

Consult with the CIA World Factbook’s section on Illicit Drugs for country-specific information.

Terrorism Environment

​The U.S. Department of State has assessed Athens and Thessaloniki as being MEDIUM-threat locations for terrorism directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.

The U.S. Department of State has not included a Terrorism “T” Indicator on the Travel Advisory for Greece. Review the latest State Department Country Report on Terrorism for Greece.

The Institute for Economics & Peace Global Terrorism Index 2020 ranks Greece 44 out of 163 worldwide, rating the country as having a medium impact from terrorism.

Terrorism: General Threat

​International and domestic terrorist groups are an ongoing concern. Police continue to investigate and pursue members of domestic terrorist groups, as well as assess the possibility of collaboration between terrorists and elements of the criminal underworld. U.S. nationals are not specific targets, but attacks could happen in places foreigners visit. In 2020, there were intermittent domestic incidents involving the use of improvised explosives, incendiary devices, or small arms to attack political party offices and foreign institutions. Recent attacks include:

  • January 6: Unknown perpetrators placed gas canisters outside of Mitsotakis Institution, located downtown Athens. The IED caused material damage.
  • January 22: Unknown individuals placed three IEDs, one at a Post Office (ELTA) and two in minivans parked outside on Prigkiponison St., Polygono. 
  • July 27: Unknown perpetrators placed an incendiary device that exploded at an apartment building possibly housing American-Hellenic Chamber of Commerce members in Alimos area.
  • July 29: Unknown perpetrators detonated an explosive device at the entrance of a shipping company's offices on Al. Papanastasiou Ave, in Piraeus, at approximately 0350.

In 2020, Greece experienced small-scale disturbances conducted primarily by domestic anarchists, often acting in solidarity with incarcerated terrorists. Examples of these incidents included vandalizing government buildings, private residences of Greek politicians, and foreign missions with paint and leaflets.

Domestic terrorist groups remain a concern. For example, Revolutionary Struggle – a terrorist group that gained notoriety in 2007 when it attacked the U.S. Embassy with a rocket-propelled grenade – advocates an anti-globalization and anarchist ideology. Its members are responsible for bombing police stations and other symbols of national authority. Police recaptured one of its key leaders, Nikolaos Maziotis, in 2014 and arrested three associates in 2015, charging them with membership in a terrorist organization. Police arrested Maziotis’s wife, Pola Roupa, as an associate in 2017. In 2020, police arrested alleged accomplices of Pola Roupa and charged them with weapons crimes and involvement with a terrorist organization.

There are several smaller groups of unknown operational capacity present in Greece, including Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei and the Group of Popular Rebels.

Radical anarchist groups also are active, using arson, gas canister attacks, and Molotov cocktails to promote their anarchist/leftist ideologies. Incidents have targeted journalists, politicians, and political party offices, and appear to be an effort to cause property, rather than bodily, damage. Often, these groups make anonymous calls to the media and police or post messages on anarchist websites giving advance warning of an attack.

International terrorism continues to be a concern, including the Turkey-based Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front (DHKP/C). Police have conducted several high-profile investigations resulting in the arrests of DHKP/C members.

Anarchists have attacked offices of U.S. multinational companies, resulting in significant property damage. Anarchists have placed incendiary devices at ATMs belonging to Greek and U.S. banks, destroying several. Anarchists usually conduct attacks against U.S. business interests with the intent to cause damage, embarrassment, or financial loss.

Political Violence and Civil Unrest Environment

​​The U.S. Department of State has assessed Athens and Thessaloniki as being MEDIUM-threat locations for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.

Elections/Political Stability

​Greece is a constitutional republic and multiparty parliamentary democracy in which citizens choose their representatives in free and fair elections.

Protest & Demonstration Activity

Demonstrations take place in Athens and Thessaloniki on an almost daily basis. Organizers include labor unions, political parties, leftist anti-authoritarian groups, student groups, and other groups in the public and civilian sector. Demonstrations generally target the political and economic policies of the government, and can vary in size. Avoid all areas affected by the annual November 17 demonstrations, including the U.S. Embassy.

In 2020, there were nearly 1,112 protests in Attica prefecture (Athens, Piraeus, suburbs, and townships), with most of the demonstrations attracting fewer than 200 people. Demonstrations in Attica have slightly decreased from 2019, continuing a downward trend.

In Thessaloniki, approximately 85 demonstrations passed or took place very close to the U.S. Consulate, a slight decrease from 2019; 17 of these targeted the U.S. or NATO. Participation numbers varied between 30 and 10,000. Thessaloniki prefecture recorded 216 protests, a slight decrease from 2019, with a majority attracting fewer than 200 people.

Approximately 1,079 demonstrations occurred elsewhere in Greece during 2020.

Although most demonstrations are peaceful, anarchist groups may infiltrate demonstrations to create chaos. Violent anarchist groups often join public demonstrations to clash with police and vandalize public and private property. Riot control methods include the use of tear gas/water cannon.

In Athens, anarchists often gather in the Athens University or Polytechnic University areas or at Exarchia or Omonia Squares. From there, they usually march toward the city center, particularly to Syntagma Square. In Thessaloniki, the most prominent anarchist gathering areas are the Arch of Galerius (Kamara) and the campus of Aristotle University.

In 2020, anarchist groups conducted several attacks on Greek government facilities and foreign embassies, attempting to embarrass the Greek authorities. These attacks seek to cause property damage, and include:

  • January 21: A group of hooded individuals attacked the building of the General Secretariat for the management of Community resources (located on Iera Odos, Votanikos), threw black and red paint, and broke a window at the front side of the building; they fled the scene prior to police arrival.
  • March 5: A group of 30 unknown individuals invaded Acropolis Metro station causing damages to statues and ticket validation machines, and wrote slogans on the walls. Perpetrators fled the scene prior to police arrival.
  • May 22: Unknown individuals attacked the Traffic Attica open parking lot (located on Sidirodromon St, Metaxourgio) with Molotov cocktails, burning a police vehicle. According to reports, four individuals were detained, checked, and then released.
  • May 31: Rubicon members, riding 20 motorcycles, threw leaflets outside Maximos Mansion (Greek PM’s office) at 19 Irodou Attikou St., Athens. Police arrested 16 individuals.
  • October 2: Rubicon members attacked the political office of the Minister of Infrastructure and Transport, at 15 Paparigopopulou St., Athens. The perpetrators threw flyers and wrote slogans on the walls

Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest.

Law Enforcement Concerns: Security Agencies

Police are responsible for law enforcement, border security, and the maintenance of order, under the authority of the Citizen Protection Ministry. The Coast Guard, responsible for law and border enforcement in territorial waters, reports to the Ministry of Shipping Affairs and Island Policy. The armed forces are under the authority of the National Defense Ministry. Police and the armed forces share law enforcement duties in certain border areas. Border protection is coordinated by a deputy minister for national defense. Civilian authorities maintain effective control over the police, Coast Guard, and armed forces, and the government had effective mechanisms to investigate and punish abuse. Members of security forces have committed some abuses.

  • ​Athens Tourism Police: The specially trained Athens tourism police offer tourists information and help. All Athens tourism police officers speak foreign languages and wear a shoulder patch noting “Tourism Police” on their uniforms.
  • DIAS: This is a unit of motorcycle police responsible for police patrols and emergency response in Athens, Piraeus, and their suburbs. Each DIAS unit consists of two uniformed police officers on a motorcycle.
  • Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD): The mission of the EOD is to identify, collect, and render safe IEDs and improvised incendiary devices. It assists in crime scene investigations in relation to explosive devices.
  • Criminal Investigations Police Directorate (Forensics Lab): This Directorate is Athens-based with a subdivision in Thessaloniki and a nationwide responsibility. The Directorate consists of the Department of Fingerprints, Department of Science Laboratories, Department of Chemical Laboratories, Department of Scientific Investigations, Department of Modus Operandi, Department of Statistical Data, Department of Archives, and Department of Internal Operations.
  • Police Directorate for Countering Special Violent Crimes (Counter-Terrorism Unit): This unit is responsible for the investigations of terrorist-related incidents. The unit reports directly to the Chief of the Hellenic Police. There are two divisions: one in Athens and one in Thessaloniki.
  • EKAM - Special Suppressive Counter-Terrorism Unit (SWAT): This unit responds to serious, exceptionally dangerous situations, along with incidents contaminated by chemical/biological agents, or radiological/ nuclear substances. EKAM supports and participates in search and rescue operations, and coordinates evacuations during major disasters or accidents.

Police Response

​Although Greece has a large national police department, severe budget constraints and antipathy toward the police have limited their efficacy in deterring crime. Police skills, tactical skills, and emergency response capabilities are adequate, although access to resources fall short of U.S. law enforcement standards in many respects. Significant traffic congestion often hampers police emergency response and emergency medical services.

Law Enforcement Concerns: Emergency Contact/Information

​The emergency line in Greece is 112. Service in English, French, and German is available. If you are a victim of a crime, contact 100. Reach the Athens tourism police at 1571. Report racially motivated incidents at 11414.

Transportation Security

Road Safety

​Greece has one of the highest rates of per-capita traffic fatalities in the European Union (EU); available data from 2020 suggests decrease (-13.8%) in comparison to 2019. The rate of serious vehicular accidents involving motorcycles and scooters is substantially higher than elsewhere in Europe. Widespread failure to use safety belts and motorcycle helmets exacerbates the severity of traffic-related injuries. Most accidents occur between 1700-0700 hours, with accidents peaking during the summer and the holiday season.

In and around Athens and other larger cities, defensive driving is essential. Daily hazards include excessive speed, distracted drivers, non-compliance with right-of-way, general indifference to traffic laws, obscured traffic signs, and heavy traffic. In addition, motorcycles and scooters routinely weave in and out of traffic and drive between lanes.

Outside of urban areas, narrow mountain roads and cold weather can contribute to treacherous driving conditions and closures.

For detailed, country-specific road and vehicle safety information, read the World Health Organization’s Global Status Report on Road Safety.

Review OSAC’s reports, Road Safety Abroad, Driving Overseas: Best Practices, and Evasive Driving Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving and road safety abroad.  

Public Transportation Safety

​Although there are some concerns with respect to the consistency of timetables and speed of travel, the public transportation system provides several alternatives to driving. The Athens Metro is among the more modern rail systems in the world. Bus service serves Athens and the suburbs (along with 24-hour express shuttles to/from the airport). An additional tram system runs from the center of the city to the southern suburbs.

Strikes in the transportation sector can affect traffic and public transportation, to include taxis, ports, and airports. Most are of short duration, but travelers should confirm flight arrangements before going to the airport.

Small motorbike and ATV rental firms frequently do not insure their vehicles. Customers are responsible for damages and should review their coverage before renting. Rental firms should require proof of both a driver’s license and an International Driver’s Permit (IDP) before renting any type of vehicle to a holder of a foreign driver’s license. The Greek government imposes heavy fines on visitors caught driving without an IDP (up to €1,000). Insurance companies may not cover damages to renters without an IDP.

Review OSAC’s Report, Security in Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights; and consider the European Union Air Safety List.

Aviation Concerns

​The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has assessed the Greek Civil Aviation Authority as complying with International Civil Aviation Organization safety. Transportation sector strikes interrupt traffic, public transportation, taxis, seaports, and airports. Confirm domestic and international flights before heading to the airport.

Maritime Security

​Greece implemented a Recreational and Daily Tour Cruise Ships Fee on all private and professional leisure ships with a total length of over seven meters, regardless of flag, in Greek territorial waters. Mariners should consult the Independent Authority for Public Review website for details.

Personal Identity & Human Rights Concerns

​Significant human rights issues include the existence of criminal libel laws; unsafe and unhealthy conditions for migrant and asylum-seeking populations detained in pre-removal facilities or residing at the country’s six reception and identification centers, including gender-based violence against refugee women and children in reception facilities; allegations of refoulement of refugees; acts of corruption; violence targeting members of national/racial/ethnic minority groups, including some by police; and crimes involving violence or threats of violence targeting LGBTI+ persons.

Safety Concerns for Women Travelers

​A local NGO reported in 2019 that 85% of women in Greece have been subjected to sexual harassment, but only 6% officially reported these incidents to authorities.

The constitution provides for the same legal status between women and men. The government effectively enforces the laws promoting gender equality, although discrimination occurs, especially in the private sector.

Legislation passed in 2019 established a National Council on Gender Equality and created a certification for companies that comply with maternity leave laws, provide equal pay for male and female employees, and demonstrate gender equality in managerial posts. A widespread perception still exists among private businesses that a pregnant employee is a burden, according to the 2019 annual antidiscrimination report from the ombudsman.

Consider composite scores given to Greece by the UN Development Program (UNDP) in its Gender Development Index, measuring the difference between average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development, and Gender Inequality Index, measuring inequality in achievement in reproductive health, empowerment, and the labor market. For more information on gender statistics in Greece, see the World Bank's Gender Data Portal.

Review the State Department’s webpage for female travelers.

Safety Concerns for LGBTI+ Travelers

​There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI+ events in Greece. Anti-discrimination laws protect LGBTI+ individuals in Greece, and laws against hate speech cover gender identity. However, NGOs report that social discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity is widespread in Greece, and violence against LGBTI+ individuals remains a problem. Societal discrimination and harassment of LGBTI+ persons are widespread despite advances in the legal framework protecting such individuals. LGBTI+ activists allege that authorities are not always motivated to investigate incidents of violence against LGBTI+ individuals, and that victims are hesitant to report such incidents to the authorities due to a lack of trust.

Review OSAC’s report, Supporting LGBT+ Employee Security Abroad, and the State Department’s webpage on security for LGBTI travelers.

Safety Concerns for Travelers with Disabilities

​While Greek law prohibits discrimination against persons with physical or intellectual disabilities, and local law requires access to buildings, sidewalks, and public transportation, application and enforcement of these laws is lacking. Parked vehicles often occupy or block handicapped parking spaces and sidewalk ramps. Sidewalks often are narrow, with broken paving stones, large holes, trees, and street signs. Buildings with ramps might lack accessible elevators or bathrooms. A small percentage of public buildings (primarily in Athens) have full accessibility. Some buildings and intersections include accommodations for visually impaired travelers. The Athens metro and Athens International Airport are fully accessible with ramps and elevators. The Greek Deputy Ombudsman for Social Welfare handles complaints related to persons with disabilities, especially those related to employment, social security, and transportation.

Review the State Department’s webpage on security for travelers with disabilities.

Safety Concerns for Travelers Based on Race, Religion, & Ethnicity

​While the constitution and law prohibit discrimination against members of minority groups, Roma and members of other minority groups continue to face discrimination. Local media and NGOs report race- and hate-motivated attacks on migrants, allegedly by far-right individuals acting alone or in groups. In its annual report for 2019, the Racist Violence Recording Network (RVRN), a group of NGOs coordinated by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and the National Commission for Human Rights reported that, despite a decrease in incidents of organized violence since 2013, “a significant number of the attacks showed signs of a structured organization or organized group.” More than 50% of the incidents recorded by the RVRN in 2019 targeted migrants, refugees, or asylum seekers on grounds of ethnic origin, religion, or skin color. The RVRN also noted “aggression against refugees in other aspects of daily life” as well as “a wider targeting of people of African origin, compared to previous years.” The report included 282 cases of racist violence reported to police in 2019, of which 19 were allegedly committed by police.

U.S. nationals of African, Asian, Hispanic, or Middle Eastern descent have reported being subject to harassment. While such incidences are infrequent, exercise caution, especially at night near Omonia and Exarchia Squares in Athens, where police frequently conduct sweeps for illegal immigrants. The Hellenic National Police operate dedicated units to combat racial violence; contact them at 11414.

Review the latest U.S Department of State Report on International Religious Freedom for country-specific information.

Review OSAC’s report, Freedom to Practice, and the State Department’s webpage on security for faith-based travelers.  

Anti-U.S./Anti-Western Sentiment

​Anarchists have attacked U.S. multinational companies, resulting in significant property damage. Anarchists have placed incendiary devices at ATMs belonging to Greek and U.S. banks, destroying several. Anarchists usually conduct attacks against U.S. business interests with the intent to cause damage, embarrassment, or financial loss.

Concerns involving the Rule of Law, Arbitrary Detention, Official Harassment, Corruption &/or Transparency

​The government regularly takes steps to investigate, prosecute, and punish officials who have committed human rights abuses, whether in the security forces or elsewhere in the government.

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Greece 59 out of 180 worldwide, where 1 means most transparent.

Communication Issues

​The constitution and law protect freedom of expression, but specifically allow restrictions on speech inciting discrimination, hatred, or violence against persons or groups based on their race, skin color, religion, descent, national or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, or disability, or who express ideas insulting to persons or groups on those grounds.

Independent media are active and express a wide variety of views without restriction.

Journalists have been subjected to physical attack, harassment, or intimidation due to their reporting in at least 12 recent instances.

The government does not censor media. The government maintains an online register with the legal status of local websites, their number of employees, detailed shareholder information, and their tax office. Once registered, these websites are accredited to accept funding through state advertising, to cover official events, and to benefit from research and training programs of the National Center of Audiovisual Works. All registered websites must display their certification on their homepage. Although registering was an open and nonobligatory process, outlets failing to do so could be excluded from the accreditation benefits. In 2019, the government launched a similar electronic registry for regional and local press.

The government does not restrict or disrupt access to the internet or censor online content, and there have been no credible reports the government monitored private citizens’ online communications without appropriate legal authority.

The Reporters Without Borders World Press Freedom Index ranks Greece 70 out of 180 worldwide, where 1 means most freedom. Before the Greek financial crisis, Greek media freedom had ranked as high as 35th in the world, but sank as low as 99th during the crisis and a resulting attack on free speech. The Freedom House Freedom in the World report rates Greece’s freedom of speech as free.

​Health Concerns

Emergency Health Services      

​Dial 166 for medical emergencies. The emergency operator will receive the call, assess the nature of the emergency, and direct the ambulance to pick up and transport the patient to the assigned on-call public hospital. This service will not transport patients to private hospitals.

Most public medical facilities in Greece offer adequate care, although service quality and hospital appearance may differ from the United States. Some private hospitals have affiliations with U.S. facilities and provide high-quality care. Private hospitals have an appearance more akin to the United States and are more expensive.  Many doctors trained in the United States or elsewhere in Europe. Public hospitals often employ minimal nursing staff overnight and on weekends in non-emergency wards. Consider hiring a private nurse or having family spend the night with the patient, especially a minor child.

Medical fees can vary considerably in Greece; inquire about fees in advance, settle all bills in euros, and request a formal receipt. Private hospitals usually require proof of adequate insurance or cash before admitting a patient. Patients bear all costs for transfer to or between hospitals.

Some hospitals do not accept credit cards and expect payment in cash.

Available medical care on islands and outside of Athens and Thessaloniki may be more limited, with clinics only. Serious medical situations generally require travel to Athens or Thessaloniki for treatment.

Find contact information for available medical services and available air ambulance services on the U.S. Embassy website. The U.S. Department of State strongly recommends purchasing international health insurance before traveling internationally. Review the State Department’s webpage on health insurance overseas.

The U.S. Department of State has included a Health “H” Indicator on the Travel Advisory for Greece, indicating that Health risks, including current disease outbreaks or a crisis that temporarily disrupts a country’s medical infrastructure, are present. Review the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) country-specific Travel Health Notices for current health issues that impact traveler health, like disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, and natural disasters.

See OSAC’s Guide to U.S. Government-Assisted Evacuations; review OSAC’s reports, The Healthy Way, Shaken: The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad; and visit the State Department’s webpage on Your Health Abroad for more information.

Vaccinations

Strongly consider COVID-19 vaccination prior to all travel.

Review the CDC Travelers’ Health site for country-specific vaccine recommendations.

Issues Traveling with Medications

If traveling with prescription medication, check with the National Organization of Medicines to ensure the medication is legal in Greece. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging with your doctor’s prescription.

Review OSAC’s report, Traveling with Medication.  

Water Quality

​Food and water standards in Greece are similar to those in the United States. Most travelers do not need to take special food or water precautions beyond what they normally do at home. However, travelers visiting rural or remote areas served by unregulated water sources such as private wells should take special precautions to ensure the safety of their drinking water.

Review OSAC’s report, I’m Drinking What in My Water?

Environmental Hazards

​Greece is in a seismically active region at risk for earthquakes. The most intense recent earthquake hit the Athens area in September 2020 measured 4.3 on the Richter Scale. Other sizeable earthquakes occurred in October 2020 on Samos island (6.6) and in December 2020 in Thiva (4.5).

Forest fires are a continuing concern during the summer season. Fires have increased substantially in size and scope over the last several years. The increase is due to not only extreme weather conditions and lack of rainfall, but also arson and negligence.

In August 2020, at least five people were killed in flash flooding caused by thunderstorms and torrential rains on the Greek island of Evia. The flooding blocked roads and damaged houses on the island. Dozens of people were evacuated from affected areas, and rescue workers used bulldozers to lift some stranded residents to safety.

Disaster preparedness information and specific suggestions to help mitigate the impact of wildfires and earthquakes is available from the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). In any natural disaster, follow the instructions of local authorities. Reach the Ministry for Climate Crisis and Civil Protection, which responds to emergencies, at +30-210-335-9932/33.

Cybersecurity Concerns

​Reports of cybercrimes, though on the rise, remain infrequent. The police maintain a dedicated cybercrime division to investigate cyber-related incidents.

Review OSAC’s reports, Cybersecurity Basics, Best Practices for Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling Abroad with Mobile Devices, and Guide for Overseas Satellite Phone Usage.

Counterintelligence Issues

​The main intellectual property issues are copyright infringement and the sale of counterfeit trademarked merchandise. However, according to industry sources, counterfeit sales continue to decline due to the codification and legal authority for police to confiscate counterfeit merchandise. In February 2020, police raided three warehouses in the Exarcheia neighborhood housing counterfeit merchandise.

Other Security Concerns

Landmines

​This country has no known issues with landmines.

Import/Export Restrictions

​Customs authorities strictly regulate the export of Greek antiquities, including rocks from archaeology sites. Do not remove anything, no matter how small, from archaeological or historical sites. Do not purchase protected antiquities and carry receipts for any purchases that may appear to be antiquities.

A country-specific listing of items goods prohibited from being exported to the country or that are otherwise restricted is available from the U.S. International Trade Agency website.

Photography

​There are no unusual restrictions on photography in Greece.

Review OSAC’s report, Picture This: Dos and Don’ts for Photography.

ID Requirements

​Individuals in Greece must have on their possession a Greek government issued ID or a passport. Police may detain you for questioning if you are not carrying your passport or Greek/EU identification. A copy of your passport’s identification should suffice; keep your original passport in a safe location, such as a trusted hotel safe.

Critical Infrastructure Concerns

​N/A

OSAC Country Chapters

​The Country Chapter in Athens is active.

Contact OSAC’s Europe team with any questions.

Embassy Contact Information

U.S. Embassy:​ 91 Vasilisis Sophias Avenue, 10160 Athens. Tel: +30-210-721-2951. After-Hours Emergency: +30-210-720-2490/2491. Hours: 0830 – 1700, Monday – Friday.

U.S. Consulate: 43 Tsimiski, 7th Floor, 54623 Thessaloniki. Tel: +30 2310 242 905, +30 2310 376 300.

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