U.S. Embassy Rangoon does
not assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the
persons or firms appearing in this report. The American Citizen Services (ACS)
Unit cannot recommend a particular individual or establishment and assumes no
responsibility for the quality of services provided.
The U.S. Department of
State has assessed RANGOON as being a low-threat
location for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government officials.
Please review OSAC’s Burma
(Myanmar)-specific webpage proprietary analytic reports, Consular Messages, and
Burma represents an unprecedented opportunity
for U.S. private-sector organizations seeking to enter an emerging, potentially
lucrative market that had been almost entirely off-limits for decades.
According to the International Monetary Fund, multilateral development banks,
and other private-sector research reports, Burma has the potential to become
the next economic frontier in Asia if it can take advantage of its abundant
natural resources, young labor force, and geopolitical proximity to some of the
most dynamic economies in the world. The long-term stability and viability of
foreign investment, however, hinges on reform efforts, national reconciliation,
and an end to decades of civil conflict.
Although the police do not issue crime/arrest
statistics, endemic poverty, skyrocketing living costs, stagnant salaries, an
increasing expatriate presence, and a rapidly expanding tourism sector have led
to a perceived increase in crime. In Rangoon, Burmese nationals experience
nighttime robberies, petty street crime, home invasions, and homicides.
The most common crimes reported by diplomats
and other expatriates are non-violent crimes of opportunity (pickpocketing,
theft of unattended possessions in public places/hotel rooms, bag snatching, gem/confidence
At night, it is recommended that visitors
explore city sights in groups or with a partner. Maintain control of your
personal items when in public areas and move away from anyone who you believe
is acting suspiciously. Thieves often attempt to distract a victim by asking
questions, begging for money, bumping/jostling, or selling items. Walk with a
purpose; do not give the impression of being lost or wandering.
Incidents of financial fraud and identity theft
are increasing. Burma is a cash-only society. This is changing, as commercial
hotel and restaurant outlets catering to tourists are beginning to accept
Travelers are discouraged from responding to
any unsolicited opportunities to make money, including business opportunities
that seem too good to be true. Beware of merchants offering to sell gems, gold,
semi-precious stones. This could result in substantial loss of money and/or a
violation of local laws. Do not purchase gems or minerals from an unlicensed
Violent crime and the use of weapons in the
commission of crime are not common.
2016, a U.S. government contractor was assaulted and robbed on his way home
2015, U.S. Embassy personnel reported one attempted residential burglary.
Many crimes reported to the RSO are
unverifiable due to third-party sources that are difficult to corroborate. In
the event of an armed confrontation, immediately hand over the desired property
to avoid escalation/injury.
Individuals residing in Burma should supervise
all workers in their residence. Doors/windows of residences and hotel rooms
should remain secured. Excessive currency or valuable items should not be
stored at one’s home or residence, as they may attract the attention of
Other Areas of Concern
U.S. Embassy personnel are prohibited from
driving outside of Rangoon after dark.
Internal ethnic conflicts, communal violence,
and religious tensions make certain areas outside of Rangoon off-limits. The
continued use of landmines by Burma’s military and ethnic armed groups in the
north, northeast, and southeast has led to an increase in landmine incidents in
2016. Permission to visit must be obtained from the government prior to travel to sensitive
Foreigners travelling overland outside of Rangoon
or other major cities or tourist destinations may experience problems without a
Burmese interpreter to facilitate interaction with non-English speakers.
Road Safety and Road Conditions
Although major thoroughfares (Rangoon-Mandalay
highway) are receiving attention from the government and some safety
improvements are being made by the international community, many roads are remain
unreliable or may be impassable after heavy rains. Many roads are unpaved, unlighted,
lacking shoulders, or poorly graded. Motorists speeding under these hazardous
conditions result in rising highway fatalities.
Vehicle import restrictions have been lifted,
and taxes/duties have been eased, causing the number of vehicles on Rangoon’s
streets to increase by more than double in recent years. Many motorists are new
to driving. Narrow streets – congested with vehicles, pedestrians, animals –
and poor maintaince of roads and traffic infrastructure can result in difficult
daily commutes. Drivers are often impatient and exhibit little consideration
for pedestrians, other motorist’s right-of-way, or general safe driving
Pedestrians tend to walk on or in the middle of
roads or stand on painted lane dividers often only inches from passing
vehicles, seemingly unaware of the potential safety hazard. Many pedestrians
wear dark clothing, and local drivers tend to use high beams at night (or no
headlights), posing additional risks to driving.
By law, no alcohol is permitted in one’s system
while operating a vehicle. Nevertheless, drunk driving is a major concern and
poses a significant risk to visitors at night.
Outside of Rangoon, drivers also have to
contend with ubiquitous motorbikes. Traffic police are often inefficient;
enforcement of traffic regulations is often haphazard and/or a means to solicit
bribes. Police will often signal motorists to pull over for a donation or so-called
Always keep adequate space between yourself and
the vehicle in front of you to ensure that you can maneuver in the event of a
situation requiring escape from the area. Be aware of what is taking place
outside of the vehicle. Motorists should always attempt to park in secure,
well-lighted locations. Do not hitchhike or pick up hitchhikers. Practice good
operational security if you are transporting valuable items.
Public Transportation Conditions
Public transportation (taxis, bus, and rail) is
readily available in Rangoon and some parts of the country. Most trains and
buses are overcrowded; others are old and poorly maintained, frequently causing
them to be out of service or increasing the likelihood that they may break down
during long journeys.
In Rangoon, taxis are a more reliable method of
transportation. They are generally considered safe, but many are poorly
maintained and/or lack seatbelts. There have been incidents involving attacks
and muggings by taxi drivers. Citizens are advised to take particular care when
taking taxis late at night. To avoid confrontation or overcharging, rates should
be negotiated with the driver prior to departure.
The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has
not assessed Burma’s compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization
safety standards. The safety records of Burma’s commercial air carriers are not
readily available, but personal anecdotes, years of international sanctions,
and the inability to import replacement aircraft parts would suggest that they are
sub-standard. There is no information available regarding the government’s
oversight of commercial aviation.
Other Travel Conditions
The rainy season (May-October) presents
additional challenges (mud, deep puddles, flooding, glare from oncoming
headlights, near-zero visibility). Visitors should familiarize themselves with
flood-prone areas and travel in a high-clearance 4x4 vehicle. Visitors should also
exercise caution while travelling near lakes, rivers, or the ocean. Inclement
weather may add several hours of travel time. Fuel stations and police assistance
are limited outside of Rangoon and other major towns/cities, and motorists
should plan accordingly.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED RANGOON
AS BEING A MEDIUM-THREAT LOCATION
FOR TERRORIST ACTIVITY DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Local, Regional, and International Terrorism
The government is sensitive to the threat of
terrorism and is engaged with international partners. There is no evidence to
suggest that terrorist organizations have operational capacity in Burma or are
actively targeting Western interests there. Although a U.S. citizen was injured
in a bombing at the Traders (now Shangri-La) Hotel in October 2013, the
individual does not appear to have been the intended target. The government is
not a state sponsor of terrorist activities and does not allow foreign fighters
to transit the country. Visitors should consider that any large public
gatherings could become attractive targets for terrorists.
late 2016, there were several unsophisticated IED attacks in Rangoon area
grocery stores and government buildings; these resulted in some property
damage, but no injuries. Police detained the bomber and indicated that the
attacks were not politically- or ethno-religiously motivated.
October 2016, three Border Guard Police outposts in northern Rakhine state were
attacked, resulting in the deaths of 15 security officials, according to
government reports. Attackers seized weapons and thousands of rounds of
ammunition. Security forces’ operations resulted in the deaths of at least 17
members of the security forces and 69 of attackers. Several videos were
released calling for Rohingya men to join the fight against the government of
During episodes of sectarian violence, there
have been upticks in postings on jihadist websites, accompanied by suggestions
that Islamist fighters be sent to Burma to retaliate for attacks against the
Muslims in Rakhine state.
September 2014, a video message released by al-Qa’ida's media arm announced the
creation of a new branch of the organization in South Asia. In response to
these potential threats, the government tightened security and took
preventative measures at potential targets (the international airport in Rangoon,
Buddhist holy sites (Shwedagon Pagoda)).
Burma hosted numerous, large public events in
2014, including the Pan-Asia Games and Association of South East Asia (ASEAN)
summit, all which took place without major security incidents.
Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE HAS ASSESSED RANGOON
AS BEING A MEDIUM THREAT LOCATION
FOR POLITICAL VIOLENCE DIRECTED AT OR AFFECTING OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Burma’s defining challenge is how the country’s
diverse people can overcome a history of fractiousness in order to live
together and hold the country together through political means. Since its
independence in 1948, Burma has been at war. The civil conflict is one of the
world’s longest and has involved every major ethnic group. Since 2011, the
government has negotiated cease-fire agreements with 14 ethnic armed groups
(EAGs), though clashes continue to occur even with some of these under
ceasefire. In October 2015, the government and eight EAGs signed the Nationwide
Ceasefire Agreement (NCA); however, numerous EAGs, primarily in the north and
northeast, did not sign on. Ongoing clashes between the government and EAGs do
not always correspond to NCA signatory areas; non-signatory groups in the
southeast have existing bilateral ceasefires and have not engaged in clashes
with the government in many years, while fighting has occurred in parts of Shan
and Karen States covered by the NCA. These clashes are sporadic, but war has
escalated significantly with EAGs in the northern Kachin and Shan states,
including the use of heavy weapons, airstrikes, and large troop deployments.
Historical national elections were held
November 2015, and the Aung San Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy (NLD)
won. No civil unrest or political violence broke out during the elections.
Though the NLD won a wide majority of votes, the constitution requires that 25%
of parliamentary seats remain in the hands of the military. Although tensions
remain high, the landmark 2015 general elections did not give rise to
intercommunal and general political violence.
conflicts, public demonstrations, and outbursts of violence may challenge U.S.
private sector organizations and could jeopardize U.S. investments and
operations, even if they are not directly targeted. Visitors are cautioned to
avoid large crowds, demonstrations, political activity and to maintain a high
level of situational awareness.
Overall, there has recently been been an
increase in small- to mid-size protests. Violent responses to peaceful
demonstrations, coupled with endemic corruption, weak rule of law/governance
challenges, widespread ethno-sectarian tensions, significant narcotics
production/trafficking, privacy concerns, and infrastructure shortages make
unrest possible and add to the uncertainty that U.S. private sector
organizations are likely to face when attempting to enter the market. In the
past, the government has arrested protestors for contravening the Peaceful
Assembly Act by protesting without permission.
Although public protests – often in response to
human rights violations, land conflicts, forced resettlements, education, labor
rights – are normally peaceful, spontaneous rioting may occur.
have been large demonstrations regarding the government’s failure to deliver
public services (electricity), as was the case in the summer of 2012, though
these tended to be peaceful.
2015, after days of negotiations, police officers clashed with hundreds of
students who had been protesting against a controversial education bill.
Burma has over 135 officially-recognized ethnic
groups (national races). While Burma’s ethnic diversity is a source of national
pride, it has also led to a long, brutal history of violent ethnic and
sectarian conflicts. Burma has 18 armies that represent the Kayin, Kachin,
Shan, Mon, and Wa minorities, among others. Each of these groups controls areas
along Burma’s borders, and, according to some sources, ethnic insurgents total
100,000 fighters. Most of these groups share a deep suspicion of the central
government and a desire to form a federal army in which ethnic minorities are
represented equally with the Burmans who currently dominate the Union’s
Armed ethnic groups in border regions continue
to engage in criminal activities (narcotics production/trafficking, gem/timber
smuggling, human trafficking). According to some sources, the government
considers enforcement of these illicit activities secondary to security and
tacitly permits narcotics trafficking in border areas in exchange for
cooperation from armed ethnic groups.
Burma experiences periodic, low-order bombings.
These bombings are often perpetrated by EAGs or other anti-state actors and are
usually designed to intimidate or harass.
2016, there were bombings in northern, western, and eastern Burma, as well as
in supermarkets and a police station in Rangoon. While some of the bombings
caused casualties, nearly all targeted Burma government economic or security
interests. EAGs have used IEDs in Shan and Kachin States during attacks on
government security forces.
Civilians have been killed in the north and
northeast as a result of airstrikes and increased use of heavy weapons by
Intercommunal tension also exists between
Buddhist and Muslim populations, including an estimated one million Muslims
(Rohingya) in Rakhine state. Many of Burma’s ethnic groups view this population
as illegal immigrants. The government does not recognize Rohingya as a
minority, and most are not considered Burmese citizens, so they are unable to
obtain identification cards or travel documents. Muslims in Rakhine state face
abuse, institutionalized discrimination, restrictions on freedom of movement,
and often suffer from a lack of access to education, livelihoods, and basic
services. As a result, many have fled via boat to Bangladesh, Thailand, and Malaysia
(most notably in 2015). Tensions in Rakhine state claimed dozens of lives in
2012 and resulted in the displacement of 140,000 people and the destruction of
thousands of homes/businesses. Between 2013 and 2014, an escalation in tensions
between hardline Buddhists and the minority Muslim population resulted in
violence, including in Rangoon and Mandalay. There were significantly fewer
incidents in 2015 compared to previous years.
During the rainy season (May-October), street
flooding is pervasive in southern cities without adequate drainage systems.
Low-lying villages are susceptible to floods that often result in food
shortages and other health concerns. Rangoon lacks the drainage infrastructure
to accommodate storm water runoff. As a result, low-lying parts of Rangoon and
major vehicle thoroughfares suffer from flash flooding.
July 2015, exceptionally heavy rains caused widespread flooding and landslides
in central and western Burma. President Thein Sein’s office announced natural
disaster zones in Chin state, Sagaing region, Magway region, and Rakhine state.
Burma is prone to cyclones.
Giri in October 2010 caused destruction and some deaths in Rakhine state.
Nargis in May 2008 caused extensive flooding and damage in the Irrawaddy Delta
region and led to thousands of deaths. In Rangoon, the cyclone severely damaged
transportation, communication, and electrical systems.
Major earthquake fault lines are present, and
should be considered when developing potential contingency planning.
The former military junta chronically
mismanaged the economy and failed to invest in critical infrastructure
projects, allowing the country’s transit infrastructure, electrical grid,
telecommunications network, and tourism facilities to fall into disrepair. Burma’s
infrastructure is sub-par compared to regional neighbors and will require vast
investment and years of work. An old, inadequate electrical power
infrastructure is one of the biggest challenges, leading to frequent blackouts,
even in major urban centers, as demand continues to outpace supply.
Burma’s telecommunications and Internet
infrastructure is substandard, and access is limited outside of urban areas and
large towns. An estimated 75% of the population has access to cell phones, and
approximately 4% have landlines, making communication by telephone somewhat
difficult. In June 2013, the government awarded a tender for telecommunications
licenses to two international companies: Telenor and Ooredoo. Their build-out
of infrastructure has resulted in an expansion in, and improvement to, the
quality of telecom services. Travelers should understand that they may not have
access to cellular networks and should consider redundant/alternative forms of
According to Transparency International’s 2016
Corruption Perceptions Index, Burma moved from 147 (2015) to 136 (2016). However,
corruption is a serious barrier to investment/commerce and permeates the
government and economy. U.S. companies may find competitors are able to obtain
an advantage when proposing or bidding on projects, although the government has
taken clear steps to improve the transparency and evaluation of major tenders and
to tackle official corruption. U.S. companies generally find that government
officials and businesspeople are less likely to seek or expect facilitation
payments or other gifts than elsewhere in Southeast Asia.
U.S. firms consider the lack of clarity
surrounding commercial laws and regulations and the lack of adequate
infrastructure (reliable electricity) to be the most serious impediments to
doing business. The government has focused on drafting and passing commercial
laws, including the October 2016 Investment Law and draft Companies Act, under
discussion in Parliament.
The absence of rule of law is an impediment for
U.S. private sector organizations. The judicial system is archaic, and
decisions are often made through personal relationships or bribes. Burma
suffers from an antiquated legal system and outdated legislation; many laws are
vague and often subject to manipulation. According to the World Bank Doing
Business 2016 report, in the East Asia and Pacific Region, Burma ranked number
18 out of 25 for starting a new business and third to last (23) for both
enforcing contracts and protecting minority investors. The country has
introduced reforms, including the 2014 decision to reduce the corporate income
Government interest in the activities of
foreigners persists. Visitors conducting sensitive political or commercial
business should assume that their actions are being monitored, especially in
public places. Because the government controls the country’s telephone network
and Internet providers, calls/emails can be intercepted. Depending upon the
government’s level of interest, overt surveillance may be employed. American
private sector organizations should be aware that the “no expectation of
privacy” policy can make the discussion of proprietary information and
sensitive information difficult.
Travelers are encouraged to protect all
financial and personal information. Do not discuss travel plans or other
business in an open venue. Be alert to any unusual surveillance or activity
near the places you frequently visit. Vary your routes/times. According to
police sources, some robberies committed against expatriates appear to have
been carried out by persons with inside information regarding the victims.
Although several ethnic groups in border
regions are heavily involved in the manufacture and trafficking of narcotics, these
activities are not typically accompanied by widespread or brazen violence. Some
of these ethnic groups use the proceeds of the drug trade to engage in armed
conflict with the government. Additionally, elements of the government’s police
and military are suspected of being involved or complicit in narcotics
operations. Burma is second in the world for opium production, behind
Afghanistan. Methamphetamines are another major narcotic that is produced in Burma.
While foreigners may be viewed as wealthy,
there continues to be a perception that crimes against Americans and other
Westerners are investigated more thoroughly and punished more rigorously. This
belief has been reinforced with the government’s establishment of a “Tourist
Police” unit in 2013, a decision in January 2015 to reinforce and strengthen
that unit, and the installation of billboards directing nationals to “warmly
welcome” foreigners and “take care” of them.
Police capability, responsiveness, and
professionalism is substandard compared to the U.S. Police units are often
under-funded, under-staffed, and poorly equipped/trained, and suffer from
limited resources and corruption. Most crimes go unreported or are not
investigated. Police response times can be long, if they at all. Lack of
adequate transportation is often cited as an excuse for slow response. Few
police officers speak English.
All persons should attempt to cooperate and
follow the instructions of police at checkpoints to avoid problems. All
visitors should obey all local laws and follow any instructions given to them
by local authorities.
Always ask permission before taking a
photograph. Local citizens may request a small fee for taking a picture of them
or their surroundings. Do not photograph government buildings, embassies,
military installations, airports, harbors, or other locations or items of a
possible security or intelligence interest; cameras may be confiscated. For
more information, please review OSAC’s Report “Picture This: Dos and
Don’ts for Photography.”
How to Handle Incidents of Police Detention or
Corruption is a problem throughout police
ranks. Low-pay and low-morale create an environment in which even bribes of a
few dollars can make allegations disappear. Some government officials
reportedly collaborate with criminals or carry out crimes themselves under the
protection of their official status. It is not recommended to pay bribes,
comply with requests for a gift, or pay on-the-spot fines.
If an officer persists, comply with
instructions, identify yourself as a U.S. citizen, obtain the officer’s name
and badge number, and politely ask to speak with a supervisor or request to be
taken to police headquarters for further processing. Police are required to
notify the Embassy when an American citizen has been arrested; however, they
consistently fail to do so. If arrested, be certain to assert this right and request
to speak with a representative from the U.S. Embassy by calling (95)-1-536-509
ext. 4240 or (95)-9-512-4330 (after normal business hours).
Crime Victim Assistance
Central police (Rangoon and Mandalay): 199
Fire emergency: 191 or 192
Tourist police: 01-378-479 (Rangoon); 09-448-539-507
The U.S. Embassy maintains a liaison with local
law enforcement officials and is available to assist American citizens during
their stay in Burma.
Medical facilities and services fall critically
short of U.S and European standards. Trauma care is extremely limited, and
local hospitals should only be used in the event of an extreme medical
emergency. Many primary health care workers, especially in rural areas, lack
adequate professional training. Instances of misdiagnosis, improper treatment,
and the administration of improper drugs have been reported. Quality and
comprehensive medical services are very limited in Rangoon and are almost
nonexistent for all but the most minor treatment outside of the capital. Due to
inadequate diagnostic equipment, lack of medical resources, and limited medical
specialty personnel, complex diagnoses and treatment are unavailable.
Medicines may be in short supply, and approximately
30% of medicines are counterfeit products or of questionable quality. Visitors
should bring their own supply of medications, as the quality of medications is
inconsistent. For more information, please refer to OSAC’s Report, “Traveling with
In the event that medications – such as over-the-counter drugs, antibiotics,
allergy remedies, or malaria prophylaxis – are needed, travelers may contact
the U.S. Embassy's American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit to receive information
about reliable pharmacies.
Visitors with serious health concerns –
diabetes, heart disease, asthma, or who are on blood thinners (excluding
aspirin) – are discouraged from traveling to Burma.
Most health care facilities require patients to
pay before being admitted to a hospital or receiving treatment and require them
to settle the bill in full with cash prior to discharge from the hospital. Foreigners
are commonly charged a higher rate than local residents for most medical
Contact Information for Available Medical
American Citzen Services maintains a
list of physicians, clinics, and pharmacies in Rangoon (Yangon) generated
by the Embassy Health Unit.
Nay Pyi Taw
Nay Pyi Taw General
Hospital (also called “the 1,000 Bedded Hospital”)
Zabu Thiri Township,
Nay Pyi Taw (Near Tha Pyae Gone roundabout)
Tel: 067-420-096/97, 09-519-8993,
Thiri Thukha Medicare
No. 1194, Yaza Tun Ni
Road, Pyinmana, Nay Pyi Taw
Bawga Theiddhi Hospital
(Private), located at Ziwaka Pharmacy Shop, Tha Pyae Gone Market
Zabu Thiri Township,
Nay Pyi Taw
Oattaya Thiri Hospital
Yarza Thingaha Rd,
Oattaya Thiri Shopping Complex, Nay Pyi Taw
(Corner of Yaza Thinga
Ha Road & Thiri Mandine Street)
Tel: 067-417-003, 067-417-350-4
Available Air Ambulance Services
Air medevac services can be arranged through
the SOS Clinic or through LEO.
All travelers are advised to purchase insurance
to cover medical evacuation in case of a serious accident, injury, or illness.
Medical evacuation can cost thousands of dollars, depending on the severity of
the situation, so all travelers should ensure their policies provide sufficient
Country-specific Vaccination and Health
Travelers are advised to see a physician prior
to travelling to ensure that appropriate vaccines, immunizations, and precautions
are taken. Gastrointestinal diseases, tuberculosis, dengue fever, malaria,
rabies, and Japanese encephalitis also pose a serious risk to travelers. For extended
stays outside of Rangoon, the Japanese encephalitis vaccination is recommended
as are malaria prophylaxis. Visitors should begin taking malaria prophylaxis
prior to arrival and hand-carry enough medication for the duration of their
visit. The cholera vaccine is not required.
The CDC offers additional information on
vaccines and health guidance for Burma.
Country Council Information
Embassy Rangoon has an active OSAC Country
Council that meets quarterly and communicates regularly via an email
distribution. For more information on the Country Council, please contact RSO Jessica Moore or tel: (95) 1-536-509, x.
4333. The RSO provides country briefings for representatives of U.S. businesses,
non-governmental organizations, academia, and faith-based organizations as
Please contact OSAC’s East Asia
Pacific team with any questions.
Embassy Location and Contact Information
Embassy and Hours of Operation
U.S. Embassy Rangoon (Yangon)
110 University Avenue, Kamayut Township
Rangoon (Yangon), Burma (Myanmar)
Embassy Hours: Mon-Fri, 0800-1630 (except U.S.
and local holidays)
American Citizen Services: Mon-Fri, 1400-1530 (by
The Embassy is available 24-hours a day to
assist U.S. citizens in emergencies.
Embassy Contact Numbers
Main telephone (24-hour): (95) 1-536-509
Consular Section: (95) 1-536-509 x. 4240
Duty Officer: (95) 9-512-4330
Marine Security Guard Post One: (95) 1-536-509 x.
Regional Security Office: (95) 1-536-509 x. 4225
All Americans should enroll in the Smart Traveler
Enrollment Program (STEP) when traveling to Burma. U.S. citizens wishing to conduct
business in Burma should consult the Embassy Rangoon Economic Section website for advice and words
of caution. Visitors are also encouraged to register with the U.S. Embassy
Consular Section online or in person.
A passport and visa are required for entry;
passports must have at least six months validity in them. The government’s
visa-on-arrival program is available only to business travelers sponsored by
businesses registered with the Ministry of Commerce. There is no
visa-on-arrival program for tourists; however, Burma’s e-visa program allows
tourists to apply for a visa online rather than physically applying at an
embassy or consulate. Once tourists are approved for the visa, the visa needs
to be used within three months. Tourists can use the e-visa to enter at Yangon
International Airport or at Mandalay International Airport. Visas can still be
obtained at the Embassy and Consulates
of Burma in the U.S.
The Consular Section also maintains a blog
called “Rangoon Snippets” and a Facebook page that contain relevant
information for those residing in or visiting Burma.
The American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) in Rangoon
can offer some assistance in due diligence endeavors (contact: Arkar Kyaw; AmCham Myanmar Chapter Coordinator).
Additionally, the Embassy’s Commercial Section can assist companies in
identifying legitimate business partners (contact: Manoj
Senior Commercial Officer).
Burma (Myanmar) Country Information