This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional
Security Office at the U.S. Consulate in Toronto, Canada. OSAC encourages
travelers to use this report to gain baseline knowledge of
security conditions in Ontario. For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s Canada country page for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact
information, some of which may be available only to private-sector
representatives with an OSAC password.
The current U.S.
Department of State Travel Advisory at the date of this
report’s publication assesses Canada at Level 1, indicating travelers should
exercise normal precautions. Review OSAC’s report, Understanding the Consular Travel Advisory
Overall Crime and Safety Situation
The U.S. Department of State has
assessed Toronto as being a LOW-threat
location for crime directed at or affecting official U.S. government interests.
The overall crime rate for Toronto may be low, but crimes of opportunity and
all other categories of crime do occur Toronto recorded a relatively violent year in
2019, with a marked increase in gun-related crime. Much of the increase was in
firearm-related and gang-related incidents. Police reported that officers had
recovered 485 handguns in 2019, 39 fewer than in 2018. Gun-related homicides increased
nearly 14% from 2018. Assaults
against police officers, thefts from vehicles, sexual assaults, and breaking
and entering incidents increased slightly. There is no evidence that U.S.
citizens are direct targets for criminal activity.
Toronto Police Service initiated a
“gun buy-back” program to remove firearms from the street. The program resulted
in the surrender of 2,200 long guns and 900 handguns. The public surrendered a
total of 3,100 firearms.
While the downtown area is an
enjoyable area of tourist attractions, business centers, shopping, and
restaurants during the day and early evening, drug dealing and prostitution
activity occurs with occasional incidents of violence outside the bars as they
close. In addition, aggressive panhandling occurs near the Consulate and across
the downtown area. In three separate incidents in 2019, emotionally disturbed
homeless individuals assaulted U.S. Consulate staff in the areas surrounding the
Transnational organized crime
groups in Ontario are “national policing priorities” and “national high-level
threats,” receiving additional police resources. Greater Toronto has
experienced active memberships of Chinese Triad Groups, Nigerian Black Axe,
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, and Italian Cosa Nostra, among others. Police
intelligence has begun to see Latin American criminal organizations, such as
MS-13, within Greater Toronto.
Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs have
expanded and may continue doing so in Ontario for the foreseeable future. These
groups are involved in narcotics trade, violence, intimidation, cocaine
importation, financial crimes, and money laundering, either directly or through
subordinate organizations, to maintain control of the Toronto drug territory,
considered the largest illicit drug market in Canada.
Vehicle thefts are common, even
from locked garages. Vehicle break-ins are common, with GPS units, electronics,
bags, identification, and loose change alluring. Review OSAC’s report, All That You Should Leave Behind.
across all of Canada, as measured by both the crime rate and the Crime Severity
Index (CSI), increased for the fourth consecutive year in 2018. (Nationwide
2019 statistics are not yet available.) The CSI measures the volume and
severity of police-reported crime in Canada and has a base index value
of 100 for the year 2006. The change in
the CSI in 2018 was the result of higher police-reported
rates of numerous offenses. Ordered by their relative impact on the CSI,
these offenses include fraud (+13%); sexual assault without a weapon or
evidence of bodily harm (+15%); shoplifting of $5,000 or under (+14%); and
theft over $5,000 (+15%). Decreases in other offenses (e.g. breaking and
entering down 1%, and robbery down 3%) partially offset these increases.
reported more than two million Criminal Code incidents (excluding
traffic offences) in 2018, almost 70,000 more than in 2017.
At 5,488 incidents per 100,000 population, the rate of
crime reported to police increased 2% in 2018, but was 17% lower
than in 2008.
is important to note that the police-reported crime rate and
the CSI include only those incidents that come to the attention of
police, either through reporting by the public or through pro-active policing.
Results from the most recent General Social Survey on Victimization found that victims
reported just under one-third (31%) of violent and non-violent incidents.
The CSI increased
in two-thirds of Canada's largest cities (census metropolitan areas [CMAs])
in 2018, with the largest increases in Windsor, Ontario (+21%); Moncton,
New Brunswick (+15%); and St. Catharines–Niagara, Ontario (+15%). Breaking and
entering was an important contributor to the increases in Windsor and St.
Catharines–Niagara, while fraud was an important contributor to the increases
in Moncton and Windsor.
increasing in 2017, Canada's homicide rate declined 4% in 2018,
from 1.82 to 1.76 homicides per 100,000 population. Police
reported 651 homicides in Canada in 2018, 15 fewer
than the previous year. Despite the decline, the homicide rate was higher than
the Canadian average over the previous decade.
Visitors to large cities and
popular tourist destinations should be aware that criminals regularly target
parked cars for opportunistic smash-and-grab thefts. Avoid leaving any
unattended possessions in a vehicle, even in the trunk. Due to the high
incidence of such crimes, motorists in Montreal, Toronto, Vancouver, and other
jurisdictions can receive fines for leaving their car doors unlocked or for
leaving valuables in view. Exercise precaution to safeguard property.
OSAC’s reports, The Overseas Traveler’s Guide to ATM Skimmers
and Taking Credit.
OSAC’s reports, Hotels: The Inns and Outs and Considerations for Hotel Security.
and internet-related crime issues are like those identified in the U.S. Travelers
to Canada should continue to practice smart internet use and guard all
Canada’s National Cyber Security Strategy, released in
2018, recognizes that robust cyber security is an essential element of Canadian
innovation and prosperity. The Strategy is adaptable and to account for a
continuously changing cyber landscape, introduces a new strategic direction,
and defines goals to achieve its vision of security and prosperity in the
Canada distributes cyber security operational
capabilities across different departments and agencies. Though measures are in
place to ensure good communication and coordination, ambiguity concerning roles
and responsibilities and the inherent difficulty in coordinating multiple
decision makers is a problematic. The new Canadian
Centre for Cyber Security (the Cyber Centre) within the Communications
Security Establishment (CSE) will address this gap as a single, unified team of
government cyber security technical experts that will be the definitive source
of unique technical advice, guidance, services, messaging and support on cyber
security operational matters for government, critical infrastructure owners and
operations, the private sector, and the Canadian public. The Centre will also
provide cyber security expertise to support lead agencies in the delivery of
their core functions, including collaborating with the RCMP’s NC3 and its law
enforcement efforts to address cybercrime.
The RCMP will establish the National Cybercrime
Coordination Unit (NC3 Unit) to coordinate Canadian police operations
against cybercriminals and to establish a national mechanism for Canadians and
businesses to report cybercrimes to police. Additionally, the RCMP will also
enhance its operational capacity (e.g. investigations, intelligence,
specialized technical investigative services, international presence, and
specialized cyber expertise) to take federal enforcement action against
priority domestic and international cybercrime activity.
Review OSAC’s reports, Cybersecurity Basics,
Best Practices for
Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, Traveling with Mobile
Devices: Trends & Best Practices, and Satellite Phones:
Critical or Contraband?
Road Safety and Road Conditions
new distracted driving laws came into effect in 2020, with stiffer fines and long-term consequences
for distracted drivers in Ontario. Drivers caught, talking, texting, dialing, or emailing on a handheld device will receive
fines of up to $3,000 — more than double the previous fine levels. Additional
penalties include up to 30 days license suspension and up to six demerit
conditions are very similar to the U.S., but severe winter weather conditions
may make traveling by road dangerous. Due to harsh winters with snow and ice,
in addition to road treatments, public roads are often in a state of constant
repair/maintenance. Consider carrying roadside emergency kits, especially in
inclement weather. Quebec and British Columbia require snow tires in the winter.
Winter conditions and wildfires may prompt the sudden closure of highways.
Provincial ministries of transport typically post closures and other alerts
about road conditions on their websites.
safety and road conditions signage may be bilingual (English/French). Speeds are
in kilometers per hour. Drivers should be cautious of deer, elk, and moose
while driving at night in rural areas. Police routinely conduct vehicle
checkpoints on main roads/highways to interdict impaired drivers; they also routinely
station plain-clothes officers to observe and ticket vehicle operators using
electronic devices without hands-free attachments.
not leave valuables in the car. If you must leave items in the car, keep them
locked in the trunk. Never pick up hitchhikers.
provinces except Ontario require drivers to keep their vehicle’s headlights on
during the day. All ten provinces have some form of cell phone/distracted
driving legislation in place. Motorcycles cannot share a lane, and safety
helmets for motorcycle riders and passengers are mandatory. Running a red light
is a serious concern throughout Canada. Pause before proceeding when a light
turns green. It is illegal to take automobile radar detectors into Québec,
Ontario, Manitoba, the Yukon, or the Northwest Territories, regardless of
whether they are in use. Police there may confiscate radar detectors,
operational or not, and impose substantial fines.
Alcohol and cannabis related driving offenses, such as driving
while intoxicated (DWI), driving while ability-impaired, and driving under the
influence (DUI) of alcohol or cannabis, are criminal offenses in Canada.
Penalties are heavy, and any prior conviction (no matter how old or how minor
the infraction), is grounds for exclusion from Canada. If you have a DWI
record, you will not be able to enter Canada without Canadian authorities
finding you to be “rehabilitated.”
Review OSAC’s reports, Road Safety Abroad,
Driving Overseas: Best
Practices, and Evasive Driving
Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving
and road safety abroad.
Public Transportation Conditions
transportation (i.e. bus, subway, and streetcar) is safe and is similar to most
public transportation systems found in the U.S. Thefts and assaults can and do
take place. Travelers should protect purses and bags while in crowds.
Severe winter weather conditions
may make air travel difficult at times. Harsh winter weather can cause flight
delays, cancelations, and re-routed flights. Remain updated on current weather
conditions and the status of individual flights when traveling during the
winter, and be prepared for itinerary changes and delays.
The U.S. Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) has assessed the government of Canada’s Civil Aviation
Authority as compliant with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
aviation safety standards for oversight of Canada’s air carrier operations.
The United States conducts preclearance operations at Toronto’s Lester
B. Pearson International Airport (YYZ) and seven other airports across Canada,
more than in any other country. Canada is the only country in the world with
which the United States has signed a new Preclearance agreement that covers all
modes of transportation across the shared border.
OSAC’s report, Security In Transit:
Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.
U.S. Department of State has assessed Toronto as being a LOW-threat location for terrorism directed at or affecting official
U.S. government interests.
Integrated Terrorism Assessment Centre (ITAC) assesses the terrorism threat in
Canada to be “Medium.” This means extremist groups and
individuals located in Canada and abroad, have both the intent and capability
to carry out an act of terrorism in Canada. Such an attack could occur in
Canada. Terrorists have identified uniformed personnel as a particularly
The issue of returning foreign
fighters is an ongoing national security concern. The number of Canadian
citizens leaving to join terrorist causes decreased in 2019. Terrorism remains
a threat as some of those individuals return to Canada. 20% of these foreign
terrorist fighters are female.
The Canadian Security Intelligence
Service (CSIS) has publicly commented that there are international terrorist
organizations active in Canada, in part due to the porous southern border with
the U.S. and Canada’s political asylum policies.
terrorist threat to Canada and Canadian interests continues to be that posed by
individuals or groups inspired by violent ideologies and terrorist groups, such
as ISIS or al-Qa’ida (AQ). Fewer Canadians are seeking to travel abroad to
support groups like ISIS or AQ. A small number of individuals maintain
intentions to travel and some have made attempts. When authorities prevent
travel plans, some individuals may turn their extreme intentions to the
domestic environment. Canada continues to be a source country for recruitment,
fundraising, and other activities that facilitate violent extremist activity
abroad. Social media also remains a key tool for individuals in Canada and
abroad who wish to communicate with other terrorists and violent extremist
In the past
year, individuals not formally connected to any terrorist group continued to conduct
attacks. These individuals, often inspired by other attacks, adopt terrorist
methods when conducting a violent act. Over the course of the last year,
terrorist groups and their followers falsely claimed responsibility for
attacks, when in fact they had no involvement or foreknowledge of these acts.
For example, in July 2018, 29-year-old Faisal Hussain opened fire in the busy
Danforth neighborhood in Toronto. While law enforcement officials confirmed
that there was no terrorism nexus, ISIS falsely claimed responsibility for the
attack soon after it occurred.
In early 2019, authorities charged
a minor Canadian permanent resident with terrorism-related offences in
Kingston, Ontario. Authorities charged two
individuals with terrorism-related offences in 2017. In 2016, police shot a
man after he detonated an explosive in a taxi in Strathoy, Ontario; the
confrontation followed a tip from FBI to Canadian authorities that taxi driver
had made a martyrdom video.
continues to face threats from individuals that support terrorist groups, such
as Hizb’allah. Since the early 1980s, Hizb’allah has been responsible for, or
linked to, multiple large-scale terrorist attacks worldwide; none of these
attacks have occurred in Canada.
Political, Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence
The U.S. Department of State has
assessed Toronto as being a LOW-threat
location for political violence directed at or affecting official U.S.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms guarantees
the right to protest, as well as the rights of freedom of conscience and
religion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly.
U.S. Consulate General was the focus of 27 demonstrations in 2019. The
demonstrators protested U.S. foreign policy and the lack of U.S. support/aid to
other countries. Review OSAC’s report, Surviving
Right-wing extremism (RWE) is traditionally driven by
hatred and fear, and includes a range of individuals and groups. Often coming
together in online communities, right-wing extremists back a wide range of
issues and grievances, including, but not limited to anti-government and
anti-law enforcement sentiment, advocacy of white nationalism and racial
separation, anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, anti-immigration, male supremacy
(misogyny), and homophobia. The threat of violence from any individuals,
including those holding extreme right-wing views, may manifest in terrorist
activity or other forms of criminal violence. However, while those espousing racism,
bigotry, and misogyny may attempt to undermine the fabric of Canadian society, ultimately,
they do not usually result in threats to national security.
In Canada, individuals who hold extreme right-wing views
are active online, leveraging chat forums and online networks to exchange
ideas, as opposed to openly promoting violence. These individuals leverage
online chats and forums in attempt to create an online culture of fear, hatred,
and mistrust by exploiting real or imagined concerns.
Traditionally, violence in Canada linked to the far-right
has been sporadic and opportunistic. However, attacks perpetrated by
individuals who hold extreme right-wing views and other lesser-known forms of
ideological extremism can occur. A recent example is a 2018 van attack in
Toronto, which resulted in the deaths of ten people and alerted Canada to the
dangers of the online “incel” movement.
Right-wing extremism is not unique to Canada. Some
European RWE groups have established chapters in Canada. Likewise, some
Canadian RWE groups have far-right connections in Europe.
protest activity against U.S. government policies occurs, there is little
anti-U.S. sentiment among the Canadian populace.
Natural disasters are rare, but winters can be extremely cold.
Ministry of Environment and Climate Change produces an hourly Air Quality Index
report, with forecasts ranging from good to moderate air quality, similar to
moderately sized U.S. cities.
Public Safety Canada identifies
ten sectors of critical infrastructure (i.e. Health, Food, Finance, Water,
Information and Communication Technology, Safety, Energy and Utilities,
Manufacturing, Government, and Transportation). Canada’s critical
infrastructure is massive, geographically dispersed, and owned by many
different players, mostly in the private sector. Public Safety works with its
partners to manage risks and reduce vulnerabilities across these sectors.
Federal, provincial, and territorial governments, together with critical
infrastructure owners/operators, share responsibility for critical
infrastructure. Individuals also have a responsibility to be prepared for
disruption and ready to cope for at least the first 72 hours of an emergency.
Canada and the United States share
cross border critical infrastructure that govern the movement of people and
goods. With refineries, nuclear facilities, large manufacturing operations, and
other infrastructure located in close proximity to the border, as well as
energy, critical supply and transportation networks that cross the border,
impacts from disruptions can and do cross international jurisdictions. The
Canada-United States Action Plan for Critical Infrastructure promotes
resilience and an integrated approach to critical infrastructure protection by
enhancing coordination of activities and facilitating continuous dialogue among
is home to over one quarter of the farms and nearly half of food and beverage
processing in Canada. The agriculture and food industries, including livestock
farming, comprise a multi-billion-dollar segment of the Ontario economy.
Therefore, several federal acts that govern food products regulate food
contamination (microbial, chemical, or physical).
RCMP, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and other Canadian law
enforcement agencies are responsible for undertaking coordinated action to
counter the threats posed by intellectual property crime within Canada. The
RCMP is a partner agency at the U.S. National Intellectual Property Rights
Coordination Center. In 2019, the York Regional Police charged eight
individuals related to a 2018 seizure of thousands of counterfeit goods at the
Pacific Mall near Toronto. This investigation received support from CBSA, the
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, and the New York Police Department.
to INTERPOL, Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) crime has confirmed links to
organized crime and terrorism. In addition to the tremendous losses to
government tax revenues and the legitimate Canadian economy, recent seizures of
counterfeit goods (e.g. pharmaceuticals, electrical products, auto parts,
contaminated shampoo/food products) show that unscrupulous counterfeiters can
jeopardize the health and safety of consumers.
remains the only G7 country identified in the Office of the United States Trade
Representative (USTR) 2019 Special 301 Report on IPR. Canada’s Priority Watch
List standing reflects a failure to resolve longstanding deficiencies in
protection and enforcement of intellectual property. The most significant step
forward Canada has taken is its agreement to important IPR provisions in the
U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). After implementation, these commitments
will substantially improve the IP environment in Canada, including with respect
to areas where there have been long-standing concerns with enforcement against
counterfeits, inspection of goods in transit, transparency with respect to new
geographical indications (GIs), national treatment, and copyright term.
is relatively low risk to privacy concerns in Canada. Canada has two federal
privacy laws. Oversight of both federal Acts rests with the Privacy
Commissioner of Canada, who receives and investigates complaints.
Privacy Act governs the personal information handling practices on some 250
federal institutions. It limits the collection, use, sharing, and disclosure of
individuals’ personal information. It also gives individuals the right to
access and request correction of personal information about themselves held by
the federal government.
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) applies
to the collection, use, or disclosure of personal information (e.g. age, name,
ID number, ethnic origin) in the course of commercial activity. Organizations
and businesses must obtain an individual’s consent before collection, and individuals have the right to access and
challenge the accuracy of their personal information held by an organization.
PIPEDA is exempt in provinces that have similar provincial privacy legislation;
Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta have adopted private-sector legislation
deemed substantially similar to the federal law.
Personal Identity Concerns
Police-reported hate crimes
targeting sexual orientation rose 16% in 2017 (the most recent data available)
to 204 incidents. The law prohibits discrimination against LGBTI+ persons in
housing, employment, nationality laws, and access to government services,
including health care, and the government enforced the law. The law prohibits
discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, and gender
expression, and the criminal code provides penalties for crimes motivated by
bias, prejudice, or hate based on personal characteristics, including sexual
orientation. There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or
the organization of LGBTI events in Canada. Review the State Department’s
webpage on security for LGBTI+ travelers.
The B’nai Brith Canada League for
Human Rights received 2,041 reports of anti-Semitic incidents in 2018, a 16%
increase from 2017. There were 1,809 incidents of anti-Semitic harassment in
2018, up 28% from 2017. Quebec, for the first time, had the greatest number of
anti-Semitic incidents, with more than one-third of all occurrences in the
country, despite Ontario having the largest Jewish population of any province. Review
OSAC’s report, Freedom to Practice, and the State Department’s
webpage on security for faith-based travelers.
The constitution and law prohibit
discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental
disabilities, including their access to education, employment, health services,
transportation, the judicial system, and other state services. Federal and
provincial governments effectively implement laws and programs mandating access
to buildings, information, and communications for persons with disabilities,
but regulation varies by jurisdiction. The federal Accessible Canada Act became
law in June to “identify, remove, and prevent” accessibility barriers in areas
that fall under federal jurisdiction. Review the State Department’s webpage on
security for travelers with disabilities.
2018, over 2,000 incidents motivated by hate were reported to police, an
increase of 47% over the previous year. The increase was largely attributable
to an increase in police-reported complaints motivated by hatred of a religion
or of a race or ethnicity. Hate crimes targeting the black population
represented 16% of incidents.
overall violent victimization rate (which includes sexual assault, assault, and
robbery) for indigenous persons in 2014 was more than double the rate of nonindigenous
law prohibits trafficking of controlled substances and narcotics, including
those that may be legal to possess under the law of certain states. Even though
Canada legalized the personal consumption of recreational cannabis in 2018,
Canadian law prohibits taking cannabis across Canada’s national borders,
whether you are entering or leaving Canada. Smugglers risk substantial fines, a
permanent bar from Canada, and imprisonment.
use occurs in parks in metro Toronto. Police continue to pursue and interdict
drug operations. Organized crime is present, and centers around drug
trafficking and outlaw motorcycle gangs.
drug use continues to rise, and the number of deaths attributed to overdose is
climbing. The City of Toronto provides “safe injection” sites to allow users to
inject illegal drugs under sanitary conditions. These sites are not secure and
have no foreseeable security plan, as the Toronto Police Service will not
provide police officers to a site that fosters the use of illegal drugs.
Canada is a producer of cannabis for its domestic drug market and for
export to U.S.; the use of hydroponics technology permits growers to plant
large quantities of high-quality marijuana indoors. Canada has increasing
ecstasy production, some of which is destined for the U.S.
Kidnapping for ransom is rare.
However, dozens of international parental child abductions occur each year
between the United States and Canada, with courts in both countries applying
the Hague Abduction Convention. All provinces have their own central authority,
which have strong relationships with the United States. They generally
coordinate directly with the Department of State’s Office of Children’s Issues
on international child abduction cases, so the Embassy rarely becomes involved.
The National Centre for Missing
Persons and Unidentified Remains is an RCMP unit that maintains a national
database for finding missing people and identifying human remains that links
investigators nationwide when their cases match. The database provides support
to police, coroners, and medical examiners and lets them compare their
Review OSAC’s report, Kidnapping: The Basics.
control is stricter in Canada than in the United States. Violation of firearms
restrictions may result in prosecution and imprisonment. Visitors bringing any
firearms or ammunition into Canada must declare the firearms in writing using a
Non-Resident Firearm Declaration form. Visitors planning to borrow and use a
firearm in Canada must obtain a Temporary Firearms Borrowing License in
advance. You must present these forms in triplicate and sign them in front of a
CBSA officer at the border; it is not possible to make photocopies at the
border. Full details and downloadable forms are available at the Canadian
Firearms Program website,
under the heading "Visitors / Non Residents." Canadian law requires
that officials confiscate any firearms, ammunition, and other weapons from
persons crossing the border who do not declare having the items in their
possession. Authorities will not return confiscated firearms, ammunition, or
weapons. Inspect all belongings thoroughly prior to travel to Canada to avoid
the accidental import of firearms or ammunition. Read the State Department’s
webpage on customs
and import restrictions for information on what you
cannot take into or out of other countries.
recent years, there has been an increase in random checks of electronic media
of travelers entering Canada. Canadian officials may search your computers, cell
phones, and other electronic devices without a warrant at the border and
illegal content can result in the seizure of the device as well as detention,
arrest, and prosecution of the bearer.
The emergency line in Canada is 911. The Toronto Police Services (TPS) are the local law
enforcement, and the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) is the equivalent of state
police for Ontario. Both police services are extremely proactive and responsive
in addressing criminal activity surrounding the U.S. Consulate in Toronto.
Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) is the largest deployed police
force in Ontario and the second largest in Canada. The service is responsible
for providing policing services throughout the province in areas lacking police
forces. OPP also offers specialized support to smaller municipal forces,
investigates province-wide and cross-jurisdictional crimes, patrols provincial
highways, and is responsible for many of the waterways in the province.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) is the national police
service and an agency of the Ministry of Public Safety. The RCMP is unique
since it is a national, federal, provincial, and municipal policing body. The
RCMP provide a total federal policing service to all Canadians and policing
services under contract to the three territories, eight provinces (except
Ontario and Quebec), more than 190 municipalities, 184 Aboriginal communities,
and three international airports.
The emergency line in Canada is 911. A high level of medical care
(comparable to that in other industrialized countries) is available throughout
the country, although medical care in remote areas may be inadequate or not
meet international standards. Adequate medical care for routine minor-care
medical situations and stabilization prior to evacuation is available in remote
areas. Find contact information for available medical services and available
air ambulance services on the Embassy’s Medical Assistance webpage.
generally require up-front payment by cash or credit card, up to the total of
all anticipated charges, from foreigners prior to services or treatment.
Hospitals may waive up-front payment of other than a modest deposit if they
have existing cashless agreements with at least some major international
insurance providers. All hospitals provide some services free to Canadian
citizens. All hospitals must provide emergency stabilization without regard to
ability to pay. The U.S. Department of State strongly
recommends purchasing international health insurance before traveling
internationally. Review the State Department’s webpage on insurance overseas.
The CDC offers additional information on
vaccines and health guidance for Canada.
Review OSAC’s reports, The Healthy Way, Traveling with Medication, I’m Drinking What in My Water?, Shaken: The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for
Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad.
OSAC Country Council Information
is an OSAC Country Council in Toronto. Interested private-sector security managers
should contact OSAC’s Western Hemisphere Team with
any questions or to join.
U.S. Consulate Contact Information
360 University Ave,
Toronto, Ontario M5G 1S4
Hours of Operation: Monday-Friday
0800-1700 by appointment only
Other U.S. Diplomatic Posts In Canada
Embassy Ottawa, Consulate Calgary,
Montreal, Consulate Québec, Consulate Vancouver, Consulate Winnipeg
Before you travel, consider the