is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office
at the U.S. Embassy in Podgorica. OSAC encourages travelers to use
this report to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in
Montenegro. For more in-depth information, review OSAC’s Montenegro country page
for original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some
of which may be available only to private-sector representatives with an OSAC
current U.S. Department of State Travel
Advisory at the date of this report’s publication assesses Montenegro at
Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions. Review OSAC’s
report, Understanding the
Consular Travel Advisory System.
Overall Crime and
U.S. Department of State has assessed Podgorica as being a LOW-threat location for crime directed at or affecting official
U.S. government interests. Podgorica is relatively safe for a European city. Crimes
affecting the U.S. and international communities consist of theft and
opportunistic burglary. There is a significant increase in thefts and street
crimes during the summer due to the large number of tourists visiting the
coastal region between May and September. Violent crime (e.g. assaults,
robberies, home invasions) are rare, but it is possible for U.S. visitors or
residents to become victims. Any U.S. traveler witnessing a fight or other
altercation should refrain from intervening, depart the area immediately, and
notify the authorities. Review OSAC’s reports, All
That You Should Leave Behind.
is a significant organized crime element, with numerous criminal gangs involved
in loan sharking, drug smuggling, money laundering, and human trafficking.
Violence among members of these groups or their affiliates is common, with car
burnings and the use of improvised explosives devices (IEDs) to eliminate or intimidate
rival groups or regular citizens. This issue does not specifically target the
expatriate community, although members could become victims due to circumstance
Theft at ATMs increases during the May to September tourist
season. Protect your PIN when using ATMs and monitor card activity. Review
OSAC’s reports, The Overseas Traveler’s
Guide to ATM Skimmers & Fraud and Taking Credit.
of cybercrime and other nefarious cyber-activity are increasing. Malicious
actors engage primarily in unsophisticated website defacement and attempts to
obtain personal data. There has also been an uptick in reports of denial of
service (DDOS) attacks on government institutions and media organizations. The
banking sector is a target of more sophisticated attacks, although this sector
has demonstrated some institutional capacity to detect and defend itself.
Review OSAC’s reports, Cybersecurity
Practices for Maximizing Security on Public Wi-Fi, and Traveling
with Mobile Devices: Trends & Best Practices.
Road Safety and Road Conditions
training is mandatory for Montenegrin citizens, but signal use is occasional.
Expect erratic driving with sudden lane changes. Practice particular vigilance
when crossing streets or operating motor vehicles.
on winding mountain roads can be hazardous. Cars often pass on blind curves,
putting themselves and other travelers in additional danger. Mountain roads
outside of Podgorica are vulnerable to frequent rock and mudslides. Coastal and
mountain road driving is precarious, especially during periods of rain and/or
snow.Dangerous areas for road travel include a road through the Moraca
Canyon, north of Podgorica. This twisting, two-lane road is especially
overcrowded in the summer and is the site of frequent rockslides. In the
winter, the Moraca Canyon and northern parts of Montenegro are covered with
snow, which may slow traffic and make the road hazardous.
driving is hazardous, as roads in rural areas lack proper lighting. Plan to
arrive at destinations before nightfall.
use of seat belts is mandatory for all passengers. Cell phone use while driving
is prohibited. Vehicle lights must be switched on at all times while driving. Right
turns on red lights are illegal. At unmarked intersections, the right of way is
always given to the vehicle entering from the right. Each vehicle must have a
reflective fluorescent vest to be used in the event of an emergency road stop,
as well as a European car accident report form. Children under six years old must
use a safety seat attached to a vehicle safety belt. Vehicles must have winter
tires and carry snow chains between November 15 and March 30. Drivers must stop
for pedestrians crossing in designated crosswalks.
blood alcohol limit in Montenegro is .03 percent, less than half the legal
limit in the United States.Review OSAC’s reports, Road
Safety Abroad, Driving
Overseas: Best Practices, and Evasive
Driving Techniques; and read the State Department’s webpage on driving
and road safety abroad.
Public Transportation Conditions
transportation (e.g. buses, taxis, trains) are available and relatively cheap. Trains,
buses, and ferries often use aging and poorly-maintained equipment. Bus drivers
must obtain a certification to operate a large vehicle, but there is no
continuing education or recertification process. Buses frequently lack adequate
maintenance. Taxis are generally well-regulated, but instances of overcharging
do occur during the tourist season, particularly in popular coastal areas. Metered
taxi service is safe. Taxis generally do not pick up passengers on the street;
you must order them by phone or SMS. Trains are inexpensive but prone to delays
and unannounced schedule changes. Review OSAC’s report, Security
In Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights.
are reliable but limited. As there is no direct commercial air service to the
United States by carriers registered in Montenegro, the U.S. Federal Aviation
Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Montenegro’s Civil
Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards.
U.S. Department of State has assessed Podgorica as being a MEDIUM-threat location for terrorism directed at or affecting
official U.S. government interests. There are no specific terrorism threats to
U.S. nationals or organizations. Uncertainty surrounding the return of foreign
terrorist fighters amplifies terrorism concerns throughout Europe. Non-specific
and aspirational threats from international terrorist organizations also exist
in the region.
Religious, and Ethnic Violence
U.S. Department of State has assessed Podgorica as being a LOW-threat location for political violence directed at or affecting
official U.S. government interests.
are frequent, but usually small and non-violent. Clashes between police and
demonstrators occur sporadically; the last such incident occurred in 2015.
Causes for demonstrations are typically economic (e.g. pension/wage grievances)
or political in nature. Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest.
Montenegro is home to several different
ethnic groups (e.g. Montenegrins, Serbs, Albanians), but ethnic violence is
rare. Incidents based on religious faith are also rare, and not supported by
the majority of the population. Montenegrins are generally open and hospitable
to visitors; however, in isolated incidents, visitors might encounter
Department of State’s Overseas Buildings Operations Bureau rates Montenegro as
a Level 2a (moderate) seismically active area.
occur during the winter when heavy rains and melting snow cause local rivers to
swell beyond the flood plain.
considering playing for professional teams in Montenegro, particularly outside
the capital, should be aware of reports of disputes regarding contracts not
being honored, and treatment and living conditions not matching expectations. Athletes
should carefully review proposed contracts and research the team, living
arrangements, and city where they will be playing prior to accepting offers or
Critical Infrastructure Concerns
disruption of critical infrastructure response services (e.g. ambulance, fire,
police) after a catastrophic event is extremely likely; travelers should have
contingency plans in place.
Personal Identity Concerns
sexual activity is legal in Montenegro. The law bans discrimination based on
sexual orientation and gender identity in employment, and in the provision of
goods and services, education as well as health services. LGBTI+ travelers may
experience harassment for public displays of affection, and are subject to
widespread societal discrimination, ostracism, and harassment. Review the State
Department’s webpage on security for LGBTI+
public facilities are not fully accessible to individuals with disabilities.
Accessibility for those with disabilities, including on public transportation,
is lacking throughout the country. Outside of urban areas, accessibility is
particularly limited. Montenegro passed a law regulating the accessibility to
public facilities in 2008, but only newer buildings meet those standards. Review
the State Department’s webpage on security for travelers
Montenegrin nightclubs are popular with foreign
tourists. These establishments can be crowded and may not comply with Western
standards for occupancy control or fire safety.
police emergency line in Montenegro is 112. Montenegro has a national police force with
sub-commands established for specific regions and functions. The police are
professional but have limited investigative resources and response
capabilities. Consider having a speaker available with working knowledge of
Montenegrin when contacting any emergency services, since English speakers are
relatively rare. For local first responders, refer to the Embassy’s Emergency Assistance page.
the State Department’s Crime Victims Assistance brochure.
medical emergency line in Montenegro is 124. Finding quality medical care can be a
challenge in Montenegro, and transport and evacuation require coordination. Adequate
health facilities are available in Podgorica and other major cities, although hospitals
and clinics are generally not equipped or maintained to U.S. standards. Health
care in rural areas may be below U.S. standards. Medical staff may speak little
or no English. Psychological and psychiatric services are limited, even in the
larger cities, with hospital-based care only available through government
institutions. Travelers may need to go to privately-owned pharmacies in order
to obtain medicines and basic medical supplies.
services are generally responsive in only the most severe cases. Montenegro has
only a small number of ambulances. Otherwise, people must have their own
transportation to hospitals and clinics. Find contact information for available
medical services and available air ambulance services on the U.S. Embassy
and private clinics usually require payment in cash for all services. The U.S.
Department of State strongly recommends purchasing international health
insurance before traveling internationally. In Montenegro, many U.S.-based
insurance providers are not accepted. Cash payment is required when insurance
is not accepted. Review the State Departments webpage on insurance
options in case of malpractice are very limited in Montenegro.
daily information on air quality is not available for Montenegro. Podgorica is
estimated to have air pollution levels similar to those in major U.S. cities.
CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Montenegro.
Review OSAC’s reports, The Healthy Way, Traveling with Medication, I’m Drinking What in My Water?, Shaken: The Don’ts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for
Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad.
OSAC Country Council
is no active Country Council in Podgorica. Contact OSAC’s Europe
team for more information.
U.S. Embassy Contact
Dzona Dzeksona 2, 81000 Podgorica
Regular hours: 0700 – 1800; closed
on U.S. and Montenegrin holidays.
Telephone: +382 20 410 500. Marine
Post One (Emergencies): +382 20 410 547.
you travel, consider the following resources: